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Physical Work and Effort - 1st Edition - ISBN: 9780080213736, 9781483157887

Physical Work and Effort

1st Edition

Proceedings of the First International Symposium Held at the Wenner-Gren Center, Stockholm, December 2-4, 1975

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Editor: Gunnar Borg
eBook ISBN: 9781483157887
Imprint: Pergamon
Published Date: 1st January 1977
Page Count: 454
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Physical Work and Effort is a collection of papers presented at the Proceedings of the First International Symposium held at Stockholm on December 2-4, 1975.
This book deals with the investigations done on the clinical physiology of work and effort. This text discusses interdisciplinary measures conducted by psychologists and physiologists on both theoretical and clinical issues. Part 1 discusses basic theories; methods and results that can be found in studies relating to fatigue; visual perception; and stress that includes a simple method of rating these estimates of perceptions. Part 2 evaluates differential and developmental problems such as sex, heart rates, and the differences found in aerobic function related to childhood daily physical activities. Part 3 covers topics on clinical and applied studies such as ECG changes in asymptomatic men; perceived pain during tread-mill exercise; and changes in heart rate during work exertion or when driving under traffic conditions. Part 4 evaluates the psychophysiological intercorrelations from a series of experiments and concludes that two factors are present in the perception of exertion during physical work—the local factor and a central factor.
The book also includes the use of a model to evaluate the perceived ratings of these two factors. Psychologists, physiologists, physical therapists, physiotherapists, and scientists involved in work improvement will find this book very valuable.

Table of Contents

Invited Contributors


Opening Address

General Introduction

Symposium on Physical Work and Effort

Basic Theories, Methods and Results

Physiological Factors in Fatigue

Visual Perception and Stress

Simple Ratings Methods for Estimation of Perceived Exertion

Versatility of the Constant-effort Procedure

A Work Test Based on Preferred Settings

The Influence of Air Pollutants (CO and O3) on Behavior and Sub-maximal and Maximal Work Performance

Genetic and Environmental Variation in Perceived Exertion and Heart Rate during Bicycle Ergometer Work

Perception of Mechanical Factors in Breathing

Aging, Information Processing and Fitness

An Experimental Study on Physical Fitness Related to Information Processing in Elderly People

Buildup of Fatigue in Static Work: Role of Blood Flow

The Effects of Fatigue on the Perception of Muscular Effort

Aspects of the Validity of Borg's Scale. Is it Measuring Stress or Strain?

Differential and Developmental Problems

On the Assessment of Physical Work Stress

The Effect of Age and Sex on the Perception of Exertion during an Exercise Test with a Linear Increase in Heart Rate

Heart Rate Controlled Ergometry and its Application

A Comparison between Two Work Tests Controlled Subjectively and by Heart Rate

Age-related Changes in Exercise Perception

Perception of Effort in Selected Samples of Olympic Athletes and Soldiers

Differences in Maximal Aerobic Power Related to the Daily Physical Activity in Childhood

Discussion on Differential and Developmental Problems

Clinical and Applied Studies

Studies of Perceived Exertion Rate on Bicycle Ergometer in Conditions Reproducing Some Aspects of Industrial Work (Shift Work; Noise)

Frequency of Ischemic Exercise ECG changes in Asymptomatic Men with Primary Hyperlipidaemia Evaluated with Heart Rate Controlled Ergometry

Estimation of Perceived Pain during Tread-mill Testing of Patients with Obliterative Arterial Disease of the Lower Limbs

Heart Rate and Perceived Exertion in Simulated Work with High Heat Stress

Effort in Driving as a Traffic-safety Problem

Perceived Exertion of Dynamic Exercise in Normal Subjects and Patients Following Leg Injury

Exercise Performance and Perceived Exertion in Patients after Myocardial Infarction

Discussion on Clinical and Applied Studies

Psychophysiological Intercorrelations

Psychological and Physiological Factors Influencing Perceived Exertion

Oxygen Breathing, Selected Physiological Variables and Perception of Effort during Sub-maximal Exercise

Psychophysiological Interactions Leading to Increased Effort, Leg Fatigue, and Respiratory Distress during Prolonged, Strenuous Bicycle Riding

General Discussion

Editor's Note

In the Interests of Rapid Publication, no Author or Subject Indexes are Included in this Volume


No. of pages:
© Pergamon 1977
1st January 1977
eBook ISBN:

About the Editor

Gunnar Borg

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