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Physical Science in the Modern World - 1st Edition - ISBN: 9780124722606, 9780323142854

Physical Science in the Modern World

1st Edition

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Author: Jerry Marion
eBook ISBN: 9780323142854
Imprint: Academic Press
Published Date: 1st January 1974
Page Count: 734
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Physical Science in the Modern World surveys the whole range of the non-biological sciences. This book explores the significant ideas and concepts in chemistry, physics, astronomy, geology, and meteorology with emphasis on how these sciences bear strongly upon one another and how the basic principles are applied to each. Organized into three part encompassing 29 chapters, this book starts with an overview of the fundamental building blocks of matter and explains how they are assembled to form molecules, rocks, minerals, and the Earth. This text then examines the basic concepts of physical science by exploring the fundamental principles that govern all physical processes and we see how they relate to various everyday occurrences. Other chapters consider how modern chemistry affects the world we live in and explain how the development of semiconductor materials has led in the development of miniature electronics.
This book is a valuable resource for physicists, chemists, astronomers, geologists, and meteorologists.

Table of Contents


1 Introduction to Physical Science

1-1 Studying the World around Us

1-2 Describing and Measuring Things

Questions and Exercises

Part I. An Overview of the Physical Universe

2 Basic Units of Matter: Atoms and Molecules

2-1 The Atomic Concept

2-2 Chemical Reactions

2-3 Oxidation and Reduction

2-4 Respiration and Chemical Change

2-5 The Conservation of Mass

2-6 Avogadro's Hypothesis and the Concept of the Mole

Questions and Exercises

3 Basic Units of Matter: Electrons and Nuclei

3-1 Electrons

3-2 The Nuclear Atom

3-3 The Composition of Nuclei

3-4 Isotopes

3-5 Radioactivity

3-6 Nuclear Reactions

3-7 Elementary Particles

Questions and Exercises

4 Light—A Tool for Exploring the Universe

4-1 Basic Features of Light and Light Sources

4-2 Lenses and Optical Instruments

4-3 Color and Spectra

4-4 Light and Vision

Questions and Exercises

5 The Earth and the Moon

5-1 Our Planet in Space

5-2 The Astronomy of the Moon

5-3 The Effect of the Moon on the Oceans

5-4 The Structure of the Earth

5-5 The Structure of the Moon

5-6 The Ages of the Earth and the Moon

Questions and Exercises

6 The Materials of the Earth's Crust

6-1 Properties and Composition of the Earth's Crust

6-2 Minerals

6-3 Crystalline Matter

6-4 Rocks

6-5 Igneous Activity

6-6 Erosion

6-7 Sedimentation

Questions and Exercises

7 The Earth through Geologic Time

7-1 Diastrophism

7-2 Continental Drift

7-3 The Geologic Eras

Questions and Exercises

8 The Planets

8-1 Planetary Motion

8-2 The Terrestrial Planets

8-3 The Outer Planets

8-4 Other Members of the Solar System

8-5 The Origin of the Solar System

Questions and Exercises

9 The Sun and the Stars

9-1 The Sun

9-2 Stars

9-3 Galaxies

Questions and Exercises

Part II. A Closer Look at the Physical World

10 Motion

10-1 Average Speed

10-2 Graphical Representation of Speed

10-3 Acceleration

10-4 Accelerated Motion

10-5 Free Fall

10-6 Vectors

10-7 Motion in Two Dimensions

Questions and Exercises

11 Force and Momentum

11-1 Force and Inertia

11-2 Dynamics

11-3 Action and Reaction

11-4 Linear Momentum

11-5 Angular Momentum

Questions and Exercises

12 The Basic Forces in Nature

12-1 Types of Forces

12-2 Planetary Motion

12-3 Universal Gravitation

12-4 Space Travel

12-5 The Electrical Force

12-6 The Nuclear and Weak Forces

Questions and Exercises

13 Energy

13-1 Work and Power

13-2 Kinetic and Potential Energy

13-3 Thermal Energy

13-4 Chemical and Biological Energy

Questions and Exercises

14 Sources of Energy

14-1 How Much Energy Do We Use?

14-2 Water Power

14-3 Fossil Fuels

14-4 Nuclear Energy

14-5 Secondary Energy Sources

14-6 Energy and the Environment

Questions and Exercises

15 Gas Dynamics

15-1 The Molecular Properties of Gases

15-2 Pressure

15-3 The Gas Laws

15-4 Kinetic Theory

15-5 Changes of State

Questions and Exercises

16 Electricity

16-1 Electrons and Current

16-2 Electric Power

16-3 Electrical Resistance

16-4 Electric Circuits

Questions and Exercises

17 Electric and Magnetic Fields

17-1 The Electric Field

17-2 The Electron Charge and the Electron Volt

17-3 Magnetism and the Earth's Magnetic Field

17-4 The Motion of Charged Particles in Magnetic Fields

17-5 Fields that Vary with Time

Questions and Exercises

18 Waves

18-1 Wave Pulses on Springs and Strings

18-2 Traveling Waves

18-3 Standing Waves

18-4 Sound

18-5 Refraction, Diffraction, and Interference

18-6 Electromagnetic Radiation

Questions and Exercises

19 The Earth's Atmosphere

19-1 General Features of the Atmosphere

19-2 Winds

19-3 Weather

19-4 Atmospheric Electricity

Questions and Exercises

Part III. The Twentieth Century View of Matter and Energy

20 Relativity

20-1 The Basis of Relativity

20-2 The Velocity of Light

20-3 Relativistic Effects on Time and Length

20-4 Mass and Energy

20-5 The General Theory

Questions and Exercises

21 Electrons and Photons

21-1 The Photoelectric Effect

21-2 The Wave Nature of Particles

21-3 Quantum Theory

Questions and Exercises

22 Atoms and Radiation

22-1 The Hydrogen Atom

22-2 Quantum Theory of the Hydrogen Atom

22-3 Complex Atoms and the Periodic Table

22-4 Lasers

Questions and Exercises

23 Molecular Structure

23-1 Ionic Bonds between Atoms

23-2 Covalent Bonding

23-3 Hydrogen Bonds

Questions and Exercises

24 Chemical Systems

24-1 Solutions

24-2 Oxidation and Reduction

24-3 Electrochemistry

24-4 Acids, Bases, and Salts

24-5 Chemical Dynamics

Questions and Exercises

25 The Chemistry of Organic Matter

25-1 Hydrocarbon Compounds

25-2 Organic Compounds Related to the Hydrocarbons

25-3 Benzene Ring Compounds

25-4 Food Chemistry

25-5 Soaps and Detergents

25-6 Proteins and the Molecules of Life

Questions and Answers

26 The Materials of Technology

26-1 Metals

26-2 Semiconductors

26-3 Superconductors

26-4 Plastics

Questions and Exercises

27 Nuclei and Nuclear Power

27-1 Nuclear Masses

27-2 Nuclear Reactions

27-3 Nuclear Fission

27-4 Nuclear Reactors

27-5 Nuclear Fusion

Questions and Exercises

28 Applications of Radiation

28-1 Radiation and Radiation Effects

28-2 Radiation Techniques in Various Fields

28-3 Biological Effects of Radiation

28-4 Biological and Medical Uses of Radiation

Questions and Exercises

29 The Evolution of the Stars and the Universe

29-1 The Formation of Stars

29-2 Stellar Energy and the Synthesis of Elements

29-3 Stellar Evolution

29-4 Strange Objects in the Sky

29-5 The Expanding Universe

Questions and Exercises

Answers to Odd-Numbered Numerical Exercises




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© Academic Press 1974
1st January 1974
Academic Press
eBook ISBN:

About the Author

Jerry Marion

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