Physical Properties of Rocks

Physical Properties of Rocks

Fundamentals and Principles of Petrophysics

2nd Edition - November 26, 2015

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  • Author: Juergen Schön
  • Hardcover ISBN: 9780081004043
  • eBook ISBN: 9780081004234

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Description

The interpretation of geophysical data in exploration geophysics, well logging, engineering, mining and environmental geophysics requires knowledge of the physical properties of rocks and their correlations. Physical properties are a "key" for combined interpretation techniques. The study of rock physics provides an interdisciplinary treatment of physical properties, whether related to geophysical, geotechnical, hydrological or geological methodology. Physical Properties of Rocks, 2nd Edition, describes the physical fundamentals of rock properties, based on typical experimental results and relevant theories and models. It provides readers with all relevant rock properties and their interrelationships in one concise volume. Furthermore, it guides the reader through experimental and theoretical knowledge in order to handle models and theories in practice. Throughout the book the author focuses on the problems of applied geophysics with respect to exploration and the expanding field of applications in engineering and mining geophysics, geotechnics, hydrology and environmental problems, and the properties under the conditions of the upper Earth crust.

Key Features

  • Physical Properties of Rocks, Second Edition, guides readers through a systematic presentation of all relevant physical properties and their interrelationships in parallel with experimental and theoretical basic knowledge and a guide for handling core models and theories

Readership

Students and professionals working in the areas of applied geophysics, well-log analysis, and reservoir engineering as well as geophysicists in engineering, geotechnics, hydrogeology, and geothermal applications

Table of Contents

  • Chapter 1: Rocks—Their Classification and General Properties
    • Abstract
    • 1.1 Introduction
    • 1.2 Igneous Rocks
    • 1.3 Metamorphic Rocks
    • 1.4 Sedimentary Rocks
    • 1.5 Physical Properties of Rocks—Some General Characteristics
    • 1.6 Measurements of Rock Samples and Core Analysis
  • Chapter 2: Pore Space Properties
    • Abstract
    • 2.1 Introduction
    • 2.2 Porosity
    • 2.3 Specific Internal Surface
    • 2.4 Fluids in the Pore Space—Saturation and Bulk Volume Fluid
    • 2.5 Permeability
    • 2.6 Capillary Pressure
    • 2.7 The Digital Core—A Look into the Pore Space
  • Chapter 3: Nuclear Magnetic Resonance (NMR): Petrophysical Properties
    • Abstract
    • 3.1 Introduction
    • 3.2 The Principle of an NMR Measurement
    • 3.3 NMR Relaxation Mechanisms of Fluids in Pores and Fluid-Surface Effects
    • 3.4 Applications
  • Chapter 4: Density
    • Abstract
    • 4.1 Definition and Units
    • 4.2 Density of Rock Constituents
    • 4.3 Density of Rocks
  • Chapter 5: Nuclear/Radioactive Properties
    • Abstract
    • 5.1 Fundamentals
    • 5.2 Natural Radioactivity
    • 5.3 Interactions of Gamma Radiation
    • 5.4 Interactions of Neutron Radiation
    • 5.5 Application of Nuclear Measurements for a Mineral Analysis
    • 5.6 Combination of Gamma–Gamma Density and Neutron Porosity—Multiple Porosity Methods
  • Chapter 6: Elastic Properties
    • Abstract
    • 6.1 Fundamentals
    • 6.2 Principles of Laboratory Measurements
    • 6.3 Elastic Properties of the Rock Constituents
    • 6.4 Velocity of Rocks—Overview
    • 6.5 Velocity of Igneous and Metamorphic Rocks
    • 6.6 Velocity of Sedimentary Rocks
    • 6.7 Anisotropy
    • 6.8 Theories
    • 6.9 Reservoir Properties from Seismic Parameters
    • 6.10 Attenuation of Elastic Waves
  • Chapter 7: Geomechanical Properties
    • Abstract
    • 7.1 Overview: Introduction
    • 7.2 Classification Parameters
    • 7.3 Fundamental Geomechanical Properties and Processes
    • 7.4 Correlation Between Static and Dynamic Moduli
    • 7.5 Correlation Between Seismic Velocity and Strength Properties
    • 7.6 Some Remarks About Shale Brittleness
  • Chapter 8: Electrical Properties
    • Abstract
    • 8.1 Fundamentals
    • 8.2 Electrical Properties of Rock Components
    • 8.3 Specific Electrical Resistivity of Rocks
    • 8.4 Clean Rocks—Theories and Models
    • 8.5 Rocks with Electrolytic Conductivity and a Second Conductivity Component—Shaly Rocks, Shaly Sands
    • 8.6 Laminated Shaly Sands and Laminated Sands—Macroscopic Anisotropy
    • 8.7 Dielectric Properties of Rocks
    • 8.8 Complex Resistivity—Spectral Induced Polarization
  • Chapter 9: Thermal Properties
    • Abstract
    • 9.1 Introduction
    • 9.2 Thermal Properties of Minerals and Pore Contents
    • 9.3 Thermal Properties of Rocks—Experimental Data
    • 9.4 Theories and Models
    • 9.5 Relationships Between Thermal Conductivity and Elastic Wave Velocities
  • Chapter 10: Magnetic Properties
    • Abstract
    • 10.1 Fundamentals and Units
    • 10.2 Magnetic Properties of Rock Constituents
    • 10.3 Magnetic Properties of Rocks
  • Chapter 11: Model Equations and Excel Worksheets
    • Abstract
    • 11.1 Mixing Rules and Models for Electrical and Thermal Properties
    • 11.2 Excel Worksheets for Model Calculations
  • Appendix
    • Appendix A Physical Properties of Rock-Forming Minerals
    • Appendix B Some Conversions
  • References

Product details

  • No. of pages: 512
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Elsevier 2015
  • Published: November 26, 2015
  • Imprint: Elsevier
  • Hardcover ISBN: 9780081004043
  • eBook ISBN: 9780081004234

About the Author

Juergen Schön

Jürgen H. Schön is a consulting petrophysicist and Honorary Professor at Montanuniversität Leoben. Schön was educated at Bergakademie Freiberg (Mining Institute of Freiberg), Germany, where in 1962 he graduated with a Diploma in geophysics; in 1967 he received his Doctor of Natural Science. In his career, Schön has held a variety of academic positions: at the Bergakademie Freiberg he was Professor and Head of the Geophysics Department (1987-1991). In 1991, he moved to the Institute of Applied Geophysics, Joanneum Research, in Leoben, Austria; where, from 2000 to 2004, he was the science manager of the geophysical institute. In 1993, he was a visiting Professor at the Colorado School of Mines. In 1999 he became Honorary Professor at the Montanuniversität Leoben. In his academic positions he was also a thesis supervisor for students studying formation evaluation. Since 1999 he has expanded his teaching beyond university and has taught training courses (Petrophysics, Formation Evaluation) for industry.

Affiliations and Expertise

Montanuniversität, Leoben, Austria

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