Physical Chemistry of Gas-Liquid Interfaces - 1st Edition - ISBN: 9780128136416

Physical Chemistry of Gas-Liquid Interfaces

1st Edition

Editors: Jennifer Faust J. House
Paperback ISBN: 9780128136416
Imprint: Elsevier
Published Date: 1st May 2018
Page Count: 400
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Table of Contents

1. Introduction to Gas-Liquid Interfaces
a. Occurrences and importance of gas-liquid interfaces
b. Basic background information: surface tension, Gibbs adsorption isotherm, resistor model of gas uptake
c. Challenges for the future

2. Historical Perspective on Experimental Evidence for Ions at the Surface of Water
a. Initial motivations
b. First experiments that opened up the field (mid to late 1990s)

3. Current State-of-the Art Modelling of Ions at the Surface of Water
a. Molecular dynamics
b. Polarizability
c. Hofmeister Series

4. Molecular Beam Scattering as a Tool to Probe Reactions of Gases at Liquid Surfaces
a. Selected reaction examples
b. Energy transfer
c. Reaction timescale

5. Ion Scattering Studies of Molecular Structure at Liquid Surfaces
a. Overview of experimental techniques (NICISS, MEIS, HEIS, etc)

6. Sum Frequency Generation at Aqueous Surfaces
a. Hydrogen bonding structure at the interface
b. Surfactants and ions

7. X-Ray Photoelectron Spectroscopy with Water Micro-jets
a. Liquid micro-jet technique
b. Surface profiles of ions and small organic molecules

8. Gas-Liquid Chemistry in the Atmosphere
a. Uptake and reaction of trace gases in aerosol, fog water, cloud water
b. Photosensitized chemistry; particle-phase reactions

9. Surfactant Control of Reactions at the Surface of Water
a. Surfactants present at aqueous environments in the atmosphere
b. Effects of surfactants on gas-liquid reactivity and photochemistry

10. Chemistry of Sea Spray Aerosol in the Atmosphere
a. Organic and biological molecules found at the surface of sea spray
b. Reaction with atmospheric gases

11. Microfluidics as a New Direction for Gas-Liquid Chemical Measurements
a. In situ imaging techniques


Description

Chemical Dynamics at Gas–Liquid Interfaces, Volume 1 in the Developments in Physical and Theoretical Chemistry series, addresses the physical chemistry of gas transport and reactions across liquid surfaces.

Gas-liquid interfaces are all around us; examples include molten V2O5/K2SO4 catalysts in industry for SO3 synthesis, surfactants in the lungs for gas exchange, fuel droplets in jet engines for combustion, and sea spray aerosols in the atmosphere for cloud formation. The reaction environment at liquid surfaces is completely unlike bulk gas or bulk liquid, and chemists must learn to readjust their conceptual framework when moving into this field. In bulk phases, molecular collisions occur from all directions, but gas-liquid interfaces are inherently isotropic. Surface solvent molecules either redirect incoming molecules back into the gas phase, or they momentarily trap the gas molecules at the surface, allowing reaction, solvation, and diffusion to proceed from the interfacial zone. This resource aids scientists who are transitioning to this field by offering the appropriate thermodynamic background and then surveying the current state of research.

This is a particularly exciting time in the field of interfacial chemistry because atmospheric scientists are beginning to appreciate the complexities of gas-liquid interfaces in the context of aerosols. The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change has identified aerosol/cloud interactions as the dominant uncertainty in predicting future changes in global temperature. As a result, atmospheric scientists are now exploring how aerosols form and grow in the atmosphere, with an emphasis on the partitioning and subsequent reactions of gas molecules into liquid aerosol droplets. This book links these scientists into our existing understanding of the physical chemistry of liquid surfaces.

Key Features

  • Provides an interdisciplinary view of the chemical dynamics of liquid surfaces, making the content of specific use to physical chemists and atmospheric scientists
  • Features 100 figures and illustrations to underscore key concepts and aid in retention for young scientists in industry and graduate students in the classroom
  • Helps scientists who are transitioning to this field by offering the appropriate thermodynamic background and then surveying the current state of research

Readership

Graduate students and research scientists in academia and industry in physical chemistry and atmospheric science


Details

No. of pages:
400
Language:
English
Copyright:
© Elsevier 2018
Published:
Imprint:
Elsevier
Paperback ISBN:
9780128136416

About the Editors

Jennifer Faust Editor

Dr. Jennifer A. Faust is a research scientist at Lash Miller Chemical Laboratories, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada.

Affiliations and Expertise

Lash Miller Chemical Laboratories, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada

J. House Editor

J.E. House is Scholar in Residence, Illinois Wesleyan University, and Emeritus Professor of Chemistry, Illinois State University. He received BS and MA degrees from Southern Illinois University and the PhD from the University of Illinois, Urbana. In his 32 years at Illinois State, he taught a variety of courses in inorganic and physical chemistry. He has authored almost 150 publications in chemistry journals, many dealing with reactions in solid materials, as well as books on chemical kinetics, quantum mechanics, and inorganic chemistry. He was elected Professor of the Year in 2011 by the student body at Illinois Wesleyan University. He is the Series Editor for Elsevier's Developments in Physical & Theoretical Chemistry series, and a member of the editorial board of The Chemical Educator.

Affiliations and Expertise

Emeritus Professor of Chemistry, Illinois State University, Normal, IL, USA; Scholar in Residence, Chemistry, Illinois Wesleyan University, Bloomington, IL, USA