Physical Aspects - 1st Edition - ISBN: 9780125499019, 9781483219332

Physical Aspects

1st Edition

Recent Applications and Development

Editors: Chin-Tzu Peng Donald L. Horrocks Edward L. Alpen
eBook ISBN: 9781483219332
Imprint: Academic Press
Published Date: 28th January 1980
Page Count: 434
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Description

Liquid Scintillation Counting: Recent Applications and Development, Volume 1: Physical Aspects covers the proceedings of the International Conference on Liquid Scintillation Counting, Recent Applications and Development, held on August 21-24, 1979 at the University of California, San Francisco. The book contains papers dealing with the physical aspects of liquid scintillation science and technology.
The text discusses the history of liquid scintillation development; scintillation physics and scintillators; and modern techniques for measuring the quenching correction in a liquid scintillation counter. The book also describes radioactivity standards; the advances in instrumentation; alpha counting; and Erenkov counting.
People involved in pharmaceutical chemistry and scientific instruments laboratories will find the book invaluable.

Table of Contents


Contents of Volume II

Contributors for Volumes I and II

Preface

Section I. General History

Some History of Liquid Scintillation Development at Los Alamos

A Tribute to Professor John B. Birks

Section 2. Scintillation Physics and Scintillators

Formation of Excited States by the Pulse Radiolysis of Liquid Systems

The Development of Fast Liquid Scintillators for Fiber Optic Applications

Several High Yield Fluorescent Compounds That Are Liquid at Room Temperature

Novel Primary Solutes for Liquid Scintillation Counting

New Scintillation Cocktails in Response to Present and Future Trends in Liquid Scintillation Counting

A Liquid Organic Scintillator System for Measuring Neutron and Gamma-Ray Spectra

An Investigation of 18Fluorine Positron Spectra in Liquid Scintillation Counting

Liquid Scintillation Counting from Gross Counts to Spectral Analysis

Pulse Shape Liquid Scintillation Counting for Beta, Gamma, or Beta-Gamma Counting

The Application of Spectral Analysis in Liquid Scintillation Counting

Application of an Inexpensive, Efficient Liquid Scintillator in the Development of Large Volume Rectangular Detectors Suitable for Use in Clinical Whole-Body Counters

The Use of Liquid Scintillation Counting Techniques for Decay Parameter Studies of Radionuclides Decaying via Low Energy Isomeric Transitions

Section 3. Quenching

Modern Techniques for Measuring the Quenching Correction in a Liquid Scintillation Counter: A Critical Review

Effects of impurity and Color Quenching Upon the Liquid Scintillation Pulse Height Distributions

The Use of Optimum Window Settings in Liquid Scintillation Counting

Effects of Quench on the Pulse Height Distribution for 3H-Containing Samples-High Quench Levels

Volume, Background, and Detection Efficiency Variations in the Liquid Scintillation Assay of Some Radionuclides in Aqueous Solutions

Limits of Beta Counting Due to Sample Sorption and Procedures for Exclusion of the Counting Rate Instability

Section 4. Radioactivity Standards

Radioactivity Standardization for and by Liquid Scintillation Counting

ANSI Standards for L. S. Counters

Commercially Available Liquid Scintillation Standards

Section 5. Advances in Instrumentation

An Appraisal of Liquid Scintillation Science and Technology, 1964-1979

A New Approach to Automatic Photomultiplier Stabilization for Photon and Scintillation Counters

A Multichannel Analyzer Interface for a Beckman 9000 Liquid Scintillation Counter

Observations of the Performance of ESP and H# in Liquid Scintillation Counting

Experience with a Modern Microprocessor Controlled Liquid Scintillation Counter

Section 6. Alpha Counting

Alpha Liquid Scintillation Counting: Past, Present, and Future

Application of the Combined Solvent Extraction-High Resolution Liquid Scintillation Method to the Determination of 230Th and 234138U in Phosphatic Materials

Liquid Scintillation Analyses for Radium-226 and Radon-222 in Potable Waters

Section 7. Čerenkov Counting

The Origin of Čerenkov Radiation

Recent Applications of Čerenkov Radiation

Improved Čerenkov Radiation Counting Efficiency of 32Phosphorus

Investigation of Čerenkov Counting of Environmental Strontium-90

Section 8. Special Discussion

Disposal of Liquid Scintillation Wastes

Index


Details

No. of pages:
434
Language:
English
Copyright:
© Academic Press 1980
Published:
Imprint:
Academic Press
eBook ISBN:
9781483219332

About the Editor

Chin-Tzu Peng

Donald L. Horrocks

Edward L. Alpen