Physical Aspects

Physical Aspects

Recent Applications and Development

1st Edition - January 28, 1980

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  • Editors: Chin-Tzu Peng, Donald L. Horrocks, Edward L. Alpen
  • eBook ISBN: 9781483219332

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Description

Liquid Scintillation Counting: Recent Applications and Development, Volume 1: Physical Aspects covers the proceedings of the International Conference on Liquid Scintillation Counting, Recent Applications and Development, held on August 21-24, 1979 at the University of California, San Francisco. The book contains papers dealing with the physical aspects of liquid scintillation science and technology. The text discusses the history of liquid scintillation development; scintillation physics and scintillators; and modern techniques for measuring the quenching correction in a liquid scintillation counter. The book also describes radioactivity standards; the advances in instrumentation; alpha counting; and Erenkov counting. People involved in pharmaceutical chemistry and scientific instruments laboratories will find the book invaluable.

Table of Contents


  • Contents of Volume II

    Contributors for Volumes I and II

    Preface

    Section I. General History

    Some History of Liquid Scintillation Development at Los Alamos

    A Tribute to Professor John B. Birks

    Section 2. Scintillation Physics and Scintillators

    Formation of Excited States by the Pulse Radiolysis of Liquid Systems

    The Development of Fast Liquid Scintillators for Fiber Optic Applications

    Several High Yield Fluorescent Compounds That Are Liquid at Room Temperature

    Novel Primary Solutes for Liquid Scintillation Counting

    New Scintillation Cocktails in Response to Present and Future Trends in Liquid Scintillation Counting

    A Liquid Organic Scintillator System for Measuring Neutron and Gamma-Ray Spectra

    An Investigation of 18Fluorine Positron Spectra in Liquid Scintillation Counting

    Liquid Scintillation Counting from Gross Counts to Spectral Analysis

    Pulse Shape Liquid Scintillation Counting for Beta, Gamma, or Beta-Gamma Counting

    The Application of Spectral Analysis in Liquid Scintillation Counting

    Application of an Inexpensive, Efficient Liquid Scintillator in the Development of Large Volume Rectangular Detectors Suitable for Use in Clinical Whole-Body Counters

    The Use of Liquid Scintillation Counting Techniques for Decay Parameter Studies of Radionuclides Decaying via Low Energy Isomeric Transitions

    Section 3. Quenching

    Modern Techniques for Measuring the Quenching Correction in a Liquid Scintillation Counter: A Critical Review

    Effects of impurity and Color Quenching Upon the Liquid Scintillation Pulse Height Distributions

    The Use of Optimum Window Settings in Liquid Scintillation Counting

    Effects of Quench on the Pulse Height Distribution for 3H-Containing Samples-High Quench Levels

    Volume, Background, and Detection Efficiency Variations in the Liquid Scintillation Assay of Some Radionuclides in Aqueous Solutions

    Limits of Beta Counting Due to Sample Sorption and Procedures for Exclusion of the Counting Rate Instability

    Section 4. Radioactivity Standards

    Radioactivity Standardization for and by Liquid Scintillation Counting

    ANSI Standards for L. S. Counters

    Commercially Available Liquid Scintillation Standards

    Section 5. Advances in Instrumentation

    An Appraisal of Liquid Scintillation Science and Technology, 1964-1979

    A New Approach to Automatic Photomultiplier Stabilization for Photon and Scintillation Counters

    A Multichannel Analyzer Interface for a Beckman 9000 Liquid Scintillation Counter

    Observations of the Performance of ESP and H# in Liquid Scintillation Counting

    Experience with a Modern Microprocessor Controlled Liquid Scintillation Counter

    Section 6. Alpha Counting

    Alpha Liquid Scintillation Counting: Past, Present, and Future

    Application of the Combined Solvent Extraction-High Resolution Liquid Scintillation Method to the Determination of 230Th and 234138U in Phosphatic Materials

    Liquid Scintillation Analyses for Radium-226 and Radon-222 in Potable Waters

    Section 7. Čerenkov Counting

    The Origin of Čerenkov Radiation

    Recent Applications of Čerenkov Radiation

    Improved Čerenkov Radiation Counting Efficiency of 32Phosphorus

    Investigation of Čerenkov Counting of Environmental Strontium-90

    Section 8. Special Discussion

    Disposal of Liquid Scintillation Wastes

    Index


Product details

  • No. of pages: 434
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Academic Press 1980
  • Published: January 28, 1980
  • Imprint: Academic Press
  • eBook ISBN: 9781483219332

About the Editors

Chin-Tzu Peng

Donald L. Horrocks

Edward L. Alpen

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