Photovoltaics for Space

Photovoltaics for Space

Key Issues, Missions and Alternative Technologies

1st Edition - September 1, 2022

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  • Editors: Sheila Bailey, Aloysius Hepp, Dale Ferguson, Ryne Raffaelle, Steven Durbin
  • Paperback ISBN: 9780128233009

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PV has traditionally been used for electric power in space. Solar panels on spacecraft are usually the sole source of power to run the sensors, active heating and cooling, and communications. Photovoltaics for Space: Key Issues, Missions and Alternative Technologies provides an overview of the challenges to efficiently produce solar power in near-Earth space and beyond: the materials and device architectures that have been developed to surmount these environmental and mission-specific barriers. The book is organized in four sections consisting of detailed introductory and background content as well as a collection of in-depth space environment, materials processing, technology, and mission overviews by international experts. This book will detail how to design and optimize a space power system’s performance for power-to-weight ratio, effectiveness at end of operational life (EOL) compared to beginning of operational life (BOL), and specific mission objectives and goals. This book outlines the knowledge required for practitioners and advanced students interested in learning about the background, materials, devices, environmental challenges, missions, and future for photovoltaics for space exploration.

Key Features

  • Provides an update to state-of-the-art and emerging solar cell technologies
  • Features comprehensive coverage of solar cells for space exploration and materials/device technology options available
  • Explains the extreme conditions and mission challenges to overcome when using photovoltaics in space


Researchers & professionals in mechanical, aerospace, and electrical engineering. Professionals in the space power and/or space solar cell fields, government, and commercial industries

Table of Contents

  • A. Introduction and Background
    1. Historical Introduction to Space Photovoltaics
    2. Summary of Key Environmental Issues and Considerations
    3. Calibration of Solar Cells in AM0
    4. Thermal Issues
    5. Analysis for Non-Radiative Recombination Loss and Radiation Degradation of Si Space Solar Cells

    B. Materials Systems and Processing
    6. Recent Advances in High Efficiency Si Solar Cells for Space Power
    7. High-Efficiency III-V Multi-junction Cells for Space Power
    8. Hydride Vapor Phase Epitaxy for Aerospace Applications
    9. Organic and Perovskite Solar Cells for Space Applications
    10. Advanced Materials Processing and Systems for Space Power
    11. Epitaxial Lifted-Off Thin Film GaInP/GaAs/GaInNAsSb Lattice-Matched Triple Junction Solar Cells

    C. Systems for Near Earth and Related Applications
    12. Photovoltaic and Related Technologies to Enable Space Solar Power
    13. Nanowire Solar Cells: Radiation Hard PV Technology for Space
    14. Investigation of Radiative Coupling from InGaAsP Quantum Wells for Improving End-of-Life (EOL) Efficiency in Multijunction Solar Cells
    15. Low-Cost PV Systems for Communications Constellations

    D. Deep-Space Missions and Beyond
    16. Potential of High Stability Perovskite Solar Cells for Low-Intensity-Low-Temperature (LILT) Outer Planetary Space Missions
    17. Space PV Concentrators for Outer Planet and Near-Sun Missions Using Ultra-Light Fresnel Lenses
    18. Deep-Space Solar Array Power Prediction Using Monte Carlo Simulation with Low-Intensity/Room-Temperature and Low-Intensity/Low-Temperature Solar Cell Ground Test Data
    19. COMPASS Analysis of Power Systems
    20. Future Materials and Device Developments for Space Photovoltaics

Product details

  • No. of pages: 500
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Elsevier 2022
  • Published: September 1, 2022
  • Imprint: Elsevier
  • Paperback ISBN: 9780128233009

About the Editors

Sheila Bailey

Dr. Sheila Bailey was a senior scientist in the Photovoltaics and Electrochemical Systems Branch at NASA Glenn Research Center, where she has worked from 1985-2018. She received her Bachelor’s (Duke) and Master’s (UNC) degrees in Physics and her Ph.D. in Solid State Physics (Univ. of Manchester, UK). She taught at Baldwin Wallace University for 27 years and has been an associate faculty member of the International Space University. Dr. Bailey’s PV work has centered around advanced etching, epitaxial lift off and quantum dot (QD) solar cells. She is co-author of over 150 publications in various aspects of solar cell materials processing and applications for space exploration. She has also authored numerous chapters in books and co-edited several books on this topic. She serves on editorial boards of several PV journals as a space PV expert.

Affiliations and Expertise

Senior Physicist (Retired), NASA Glenn Research Center, USA

Aloysius Hepp

Aloysius F. Hepp earned a PhD in Inorganic Photochemistry in 1983 from MIT. He retired in December 2016 from the Photovoltaic & Electrochemical Systems Branch of the NASA Glenn Research Center. Dr. Hepp has co-authored nearly 200 publications (including six patents) focused on processing of thin film and nanomaterials for I-III-VI solar cells, Li-ion batteries, integrated power devices and flight experiments, and precursors and spray pyrolysis deposition of sulfides and carbon nanotubes. He has co-edited twelve books on advanced materials processing, energy conversion and electronics, biomimicry and aerospace technologies. He is currently Editor-in-Chief Emeritus of Materials Science in Semiconductor Processing (MSSP) and is currently the chair of the International Advisory Board of MSSP, as well as serving on the Editorial Advisory Boards of Mater. Sci. and Engin. B and Heliyon - all Elsevier journals.

Affiliations and Expertise

Chief Technologist, Nanotech Innovations LLC and Science Advisory Board Member, CoreWater Technologies, Inc., Oberlin, OH, USA

Dale Ferguson

Dale C. Ferguson received the Ph.D. degree from The University of Arizona, Tucson, in 1974. He is currently the Lead for Spacecraft Charging Science and Technology with the Space Vehicles Division, Air Force Research Laboratory (AFRL), Kirtland Air Force Base, Albuquerque, NM. For nearly 40 years, he has been addressing spacecraft charging problems, first with the NASA and now with AFRL. He is the author of more than 200 publications. He has been the Principal Investigator on numerous spaceflight experiments, including the Wheel Abrasion Experiment on the Mars Pathfinder Sojourner Rover.

Affiliations and Expertise

Space Vehicles Division, Air Force Research Laboratory (AFRL), Kirtland Air Force Base, Albuquerque, NM, USA

Ryne Raffaelle

Ryne P. Raffaelle (RPR) earned both a BS and MS in Physics from Southern Illinois University and a Ph.D. in Physics from Missouri University of Science and Technology. He is the Vice President for Research and Associate Provost at Rochester Institute of Technology (RIT). He is the former Director of the National Center for Photovoltaics at the National Renewable Energy Lab of the U.S. Department of Energy. Prior to serving at NREL, he was the Academic Director for the Golisano Institute for Sustainability and Director of the NanoPower Research Laboratory at RIT. He has worked as a visiting scientist at the NASA Glenn Research Center, NASA Kennedy Research Center, and DOE’s Oak Ridge National Laboratory. He is the author of over 200 refereed publications. He is on the Advisory Board of Elsevier’s Materials Science in Semiconductor Processing and is the Managing Editor of Progress in Photovoltaics, published by Wiley Interscience. He is the co-editor of several books on photovoltaics and nanotechnologies.

Affiliations and Expertise

Vice President for Research and Associate Provost for Research, Rochester Institute of Technology, NY, USA

Steven Durbin

Steven Durbin received the BS, MS, and PhD degrees in Electrical Engineering from Purdue University. Prior to joining Western Michigan University in 2013, he taught at the Florida State University, the University of Canterbury (New Zealand), and the University at Buffalo (SUNY). He is a senior member of the IEEE, and a member of the American Physical Society, the Materials Research Society, and the Royal Society of New Zealand. His interests include novel semiconductors, oxide and nitride compounds, molecular beam epitaxy, pulsed laser deposition, and Schottky contact based devices and have resulted in > 150 publications. Prof. Durbin is currently Editor-in-Chief of Materials Science in Semiconductor Processing since 2016.

Affiliations and Expertise

Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, Western Michigan University, USA

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