Philosophy of Technology and Engineering Sciences

Philosophy of Technology and Engineering Sciences

1st Edition - August 20, 2009

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  • Editors: Dov M. Gabbay, Paul Thagard, John Woods
  • eBook ISBN: 9780080930749

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Description

The Handbook Philosophy of Technology and Engineering Sciences addresses numerous issues in the emerging field of the philosophy of those sciences that are involved in the technological process of designing, developing and making of new technical artifacts and systems. These issues include the nature of design, of technological knowledge, and of technical artifacts, as well as the toolbox of engineers. Most of these have thus far not been analyzed in general philosophy of science, which has traditionally but inadequately regarded technology as mere applied science and focused on physics, biology, mathematics and the social sciences.

Key Features

• First comprehensive philosophical handbook on technology and the engineering sciences
• Unparalleled in scope including explorative articles
• In depth discussion of technical artifacts and their ontology
• Provides extensive analysis of the nature of engineering design
• Focuses in detail on the role of models in technology

Table of Contents

  • General Introduction (Anthonie Meijers, editor)

    Part I: Technology, Engineering and the Sciences

    Introduction to Part I (Hans Radder, associate editor)

    Defining Technology and the Engineering Sciences (Carl Mitcham and Eric Schatzberg)

    Science, Technology and the Science–Technology Relationship (Hans Radder)

    The Role of Social Science in Engineering (Knut Holtan Sørensen)

    The Emergence of the Engineering Sciences: An Historical Analysis (David F. Channell)

    Coherence and Diversity in the Engineering Sciences (Gerhard Banse and Armin Grunwald)

    Part II: Ontology and Epistemology of Artifacts

    Introduction to Part II (Wybo Houkes, associate editor)

    Artifacts in Metaphysics (Amie L. Thomasson)

    Philosophical Theories of Artifact Function (Beth Preston)

    Functional Decomposition and Mereology in Engineering (Pieter Vermaas and Pawel Garbacz)

    Artifacts in Formal Ontology (Stefano Borgo and Laure Vieu)

    The Nature of Technological Knowledge (Wybo Houkes)

    Tacit Knowledge and Engineering Design (Paul Nightingale)

    Practical Reasoning and Engineering (Jesse Hughes)

    Part III: Philosophy of Engineering Design

    Introduction to Part III (Peter Kroes, associate editor)

    Thinking about Design: An Historical Perspective (Richard Buchanan)

    Typologies of Design Practice (Kees Dorst and Kees van Overveld)

    Translating Customer Requirements into Technical Specifications (Marc de Vries)

    Foundational Issues of Engineering Design (Peter Kroes)

    Computational Representations of Function in Engineering Design (William H. Wood)

    Rationality in Design (Peter Kroes, Maarten Franssen and Louis Bucciarelli)

    Designing Socio-Technical Systems (Johannes M. Bauer and Paulien M. Herder)

    Part IV: Modeling in Engineering Sciences

    Introduction to Part IV (Sjoerd Zwart, associate editor)

    The Notion of a Model: A Historical Overview (Roland Müller)

    Functional Modeling and Mathematical Models: A Semantic Analysis (Wilfrid Hodges)

    Models as Epistemic Tools in Engineering Sciences (Mieke Boon and Tarja Knuuttila)

    Model-Based Reasoning in Interdisciplinary Engineering (Nancy J. Nersessian and Christopher Patton)

    Scale Modelling in Engineering: Froude’s Case (Sjoerd Zwart)

    Similarity and Dimensional Analysis (Susan G. Sterett)

    Measurement Theory and Engineering (Patrick Suppes)

    Technological Explanation (Joseph C. Pitt)

    Part V: Norms and Values in Technology and Engineering

    Introduction to Part V (Ibo van de Poel, associate editor)

    Why Technologies Are Inherently Normative (Hans Radder)

    Artifacts and Normativity (Maarten Franssen)

    Professional Standards in Engineering Practice (Michael Pritchard)

    Values in Engineering Design (Ibo van de Poel)

    The Concept of Efficiency: An Historical Analysis (Jennifer K. Alexander)

    Aesthetic Values in Technology and Engineering Design (Joachim Schummer, Bruce MacLennan, and Nigel Taylor)

    Risk and Safety in Technology (Sven Ove Hansson)

    Technology Assessment: Concepts and Methods (Armin Grunwald)

    The Interaction of Ethics and Technology in Historical Perspective (Carl Mitcham and Adam Briggle)

    Part VI. Philosophical Issues in Engineering Disciplines

    Introduction to Part VI (Sven Ove Hansson, associate editor)

    Philosophy of Architecture (Christian Illies and Nicholas Ray)

    Philosophy of Agricultural Technology (Paul Thompson)

    Philosophy of Medical Technology (Sven Ove Hansson)

    Philosophy of Biotechnology (Henk van den Belt)

    Philosophy of Computing and Information Technology (Philip Brey and Johnny Hartz Søraker)

    Index (Compiled by Marcel Scheele and Andreas Spahn)

Product details

  • No. of pages: 1472
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © North Holland 2009
  • Published: August 20, 2009
  • Imprint: North Holland
  • eBook ISBN: 9780080930749

About the Series Editors

Dov M. Gabbay

Dov M. Gabbay is Augustus De Morgan Professor Emeritus of Logic at the Group of Logic, Language and Computation, Department of Computer Science, King's College London. He has authored over four hundred and fifty research papers and over thirty research monographs. He is editor of several international Journals, and many reference works and Handbooks of Logic.

Affiliations and Expertise

King's College London, UK

Paul Thagard

Affiliations and Expertise

University of Waterloo, Canada

John Woods

Affiliations and Expertise

University of British Columbia, Vancouver, Canada

About the Series Volume Editor

Anthonie Meijers

Affiliations and Expertise

Eindhoven University of Technology, The Netherlands

Ratings and Reviews

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  • Petros S. Fri Jan 28 2022

    Philosophy of technology and engeering science

    Provides excellent coverage of perceived dichotomy between theoretical orientation in scientific, and technological education, and practise , addressing issues such as how a generalist approach may be superior to specific skills training although both are mutually informed. Given the current broad spectrum in specialization and body of knowledge, is it possible to expect that graduates and practitioners master the body of knowledge necessary in achieving academic and professional excellence within narrowly define domains ? Importantly, the book discusses how are decisions are informed, on what basis, and on which moral, ethical and structural criteria these apply to research, design and engineering. Recurring questions in information technology and computing are addressed , however without referring to "practical" theorists like Weinberg and F. Brooks who have done much to shape modern software development practise in terms of psychology, and structure of teams, actually responsible for advances in the field, as an engineering practise in the making, based on empirical as well as structural knowledge, however, grounded in human nature, clearly having the largest impact on modern society , and helping along the way to make the "implicit explicit" as per Polanyi. The book covers key aspects of the importance of personal creativity, engagement, skill, and responsibility in formulation and application of scientific and technical principles which can be taught but cannot always be completely described , always within a framework of personal experience. Overall an excellent, though provoking and coherent, book, based on extensive research, with a clear unifying and interdisciplinary message, well worth reading in the quest for a science and technology rooted in a vital human condition as primary agent, as opposed to a merely reductive approach.