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Philosophy of Medicine - 1st Edition - ISBN: 9780444517876, 9780080930916

Philosophy of Medicine, Volume 16

1st Edition

Series Volume Editor: Fred Gifford
Series Editors: Dov M. Gabbay Paul Thagard John Woods
Hardcover ISBN: 9780444517876
eBook ISBN: 9780080930916
Imprint: North Holland
Published Date: 21st July 2011
Page Count: 600
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Table of Contents

Introduction, Fred Gifford
Concepts of Health and Disease, Christopher Boorse
Medical Ontology, Jeremy R. Simon
Theories and Models in Medicine, R. Paul Thompson
Reduction in Biology and Medicine, Kenneth F. Schaffner
Causal Inference and Medical Experiments, Daniel Steel
Patterns of Medical Discovery, Paul Thagard
Evidence-Based Medicine, Robyn Bluhm and Kirstin Borgerson
Group Judgment and the Medical Consensus Conference, Miriam Solomon
Frequentist versus Bayesian Clinical Trials, David Teira
Uncertainty in Clinical Medicine, Benjamin Djulbegovic, Iztok Hozo and Sander
The Logic of Diagnosis, Kazem Sadegh-Zadeh
Conceptual Foundations of Biological Psychiatry, Dominic Murphy
Brain Death, John Lizza
Nursing Science, Mark Risjord
Public Health, Dean Rickles


This volume covers a wide range of conceptual, epistemological and methodological issues in the philosophy of science raised by reflection upon medical science and practice. Several chapters examine such general meta-scientific concepts as discovery, reduction, theories and models, causal inference and scientific realism as they apply to medicine or medical science in particular. Some discuss important concepts specific to medicine (diagnosis, health, disease, brain death). A topic such as evidence, for instance, is examined at a variety of levels, from social mechanisms for guiding evidence-based reasoning such as evidence-based medicine, consensus conferences, and clinical trials, to the more abstract analysis of experimentation, inference and uncertainty. Some chapters reflect on particular domains of medicine, including psychiatry, public health, and nursing.

The contributions span a broad range of detailed cases from the science and practice of medicine, as well as a broad range of intellectual approaches, from conceptual analysis to detailed examinations of particular scientific papers or historical episodes.

Key Features

  • Chapters view philosophy of medicine from quite different angles
  • Considers substantive cases from both medical science and practice
  • Chapters from a distinguished array of contributors


Researchers in all branches of the philosophy of science, as well as graduate students and senior undergraduates as well as medical scientists and practitioners who are interested in methodological issues that arise in the field of medicine


No. of pages:
© North Holland 2011
21st July 2011
North Holland
Hardcover ISBN:
eBook ISBN:

Ratings and Reviews

About the Series Volume Editor

Fred Gifford

About the Series Editors

Dov M. Gabbay

Dov M. Gabbay is Augustus De Morgan Professor Emeritus of Logic at the Group of Logic, Language and Computation, Department of Computer Science, King's College London. He has authored over four hundred and fifty research papers and over thirty research monographs. He is editor of several international Journals, and many reference works and Handbooks of Logic.

Affiliations and Expertise

King's College London, UK

Paul Thagard

Affiliations and Expertise

University of Waterloo, Canada

John Woods

Affiliations and Expertise

University of British Columbia, Vancouver, Canada