Philosophy of Linguistics

Philosophy of Linguistics

1st Edition - January 14, 2012

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  • Editors: Ruth Kempson, Tim Fernando, Nicholas Asher
  • eBook ISBN: 9780080930879
  • Hardcover ISBN: 9780444517470

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Description

Philosophy of Linguistics investigates the foundational concepts and methods of linguistics, the scientific study of human language. This groundbreaking collection, the most thorough treatment of the philosophy of linguistics ever published, brings together philosophers, scientists and historians to map out both the foundational assumptions set during the second half of the last century and the unfolding shifts in perspective in which more functionalist perspectives are explored. The opening chapter lays out the philosophical background in preparation for the papers that follow, which demonstrate the shift in the perspective of linguistics study through discussions of syntax, semantics, phonology and cognitive science more generally. The volume serves as a detailed introduction for those new to the field as well as a rich source of new insights and potential research agendas for those already engaged with the philosophy of linguistics. Part of the Handbook of the Philosophy of Science series edited by: Dov M. Gabbay, King's College, London, UK;Paul Thagard, University of Waterloo, Canada; and John Woods, University of British Columbia, Canada.

Key Features

  • Provides a bridge between philosophy and current scientific findings
  • Encourages multi-disciplinary dialogue
  • Covers theory and applications

Readership

Researchers, graduate students and senior undergraduates in all branches of the philosophy of science, as well as chemists and their students who are interested in methodological issues that arise in their discipline

Table of Contents

  • General Preface

    Contributors

    Editorial Preface

    Linguistics and Philosophy

    1 The Interaction Between Linguistics & Philosophy

    2 Linguistic Conceptions of the Nature of Language

    3 Philosophical Conceptions of the Nature of Language

    4 Key Concepts

    5 Methodological Issues

    6 Prospects

    Acknowledgements

    Structure

    1 Introduction

    2 The Chomsky Hierarchy

    3 Conclusions

    Appendix

    Acknowledgements

    Logical Grammar

    1 Formal Grammar

    2 Logical Tools

    3 Formal Syntax and Formal Semantics

    4 Grammatical Frameworks

    5 Why Might Grammar and Processing be Logical?

    Acknowledgements

    Mimimalism0

    Overview

    1 Minimalism as a Mode of Inquiry

    Computational Linguistics

    1 Defining Computational Linguistics

    2 Narratives of Progress

    3 Semantics in CL

    4 Bayes's Rule

    5 Syntactic Structure In CL

    The Metaphysics of Natural Language(s)

    1 Introduction

    2 History

    3 Basic Model Structure

    4 Ontological Choices

    5 From Natural Language Metaphysics to Real Metaphysics

    Meaning and Use

    1 Introduction

    2 Meaning and Reference

    3 Meaning and Use

    Context in Content Composition

    1 Introduction

    2 Tools for the Lexicon from Dynamic Semantics

    3 From Type Presupposition to Coercion

    4 More on Types

    5 A Sketch of a Formal Theory of Lexical Meaning

    6 Modality, Aspect and the Verbal Complex

    7 Discourse Intrusions Revisited

    8 Conclusion

    Type Theory and Semantics in Flux

    5.2 Word meaning in flux

    Language, Linguistics and Cognition

    1 Introduction

    2 Linguistics And Cognitive Data

    3 Planning, Reasoning, Meaning

    4 The Binding Problem for Semantics

    Acknowledgments

    Representationalism and Linguistic Knowledge

    1 Positing Representations

    2 Representationalism in Linguistic Theory

    3 Syntactic and Semantic Representations

    4 Representations in Semantics?

    5 A Dynamic Solution: From Representation to Construction

    6 Implications for Dynamic Perspectives

    The Philosophy of Phonology

    Introduction: The Nature of Phonological Knowledge

    1 The Phonetics/Phonology Distinction

    2 Phonology, Groundedness and The Interpretation of ‘The Linguistic Sign’

    3 The Acquisition of Phonological Knowledge

    4 Normativity, Unconscious Knowledge and Implicit Learning

    5 Competence/Performance, Usage-Based Phonology and Frequency Effects

    6 Phonology, Internalism and Externalism

    7 Concluding Remarks

    Acknowledgements

    Computational Learning Theory and Language Acquisition

    1 Introduction

    2 Linguistic Nativism and Formal Models of Learning

    3 Gold's Identification in the Limit Framework

    4 Probabilistic Models and Realistic Assumptions about Human Learning

    5 Computational Complexity and Efficiency in Language Acquisition

    6 Efficient Learning

    7 Machine Learning and Grammar Induction: Some Empirical Results

    8 Conclusions and Future Research

    Acknowledgements

    Linguistics From an Evolutionary Point of View

    1 Linguistics and Evolution

    2 Semantics From an Evolutionary Point of View

    3 Pragmatics From an Evolutionary Point of View

    4 Phonetics From an Evolutionary Point of View

    5 Phonology From an Evolutionary Point of View

    6 Syntax From an Evolutionary Point of View

    Linguistics and Gender Studies

    Introduction

    1 Indexing Identities

    2 Social Meaning

    3 Content Meanings (and Their ‘Baggage’) Matter

    4 Discourse

    5 Conclusion

    Acknowledgements

    Linguistics and Anthropology

    Linguistic Anthropology in America-Early Roots

    1920–1950-Sapir, Whorf and Malinowski

    1950–1970-A Period of Transition

    Post-Chomskian Anthropological Linguistics

    Linguistic Communication as Behavior

    Theoretical Models of Communication

    Animal Communication vs. Human Communication

    1970–1985-Sociolinguistics and the Ethnography of Communication

    1985-Present-Discourse and Expressive Communication

    Humor

    Gesture and Non-Verbal Communication

    Anthropology and Linguistics in Years to Come

    Index

Product details

  • No. of pages: 598
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © North Holland 2012
  • Published: January 14, 2012
  • Imprint: North Holland
  • eBook ISBN: 9780080930879
  • Hardcover ISBN: 9780444517470

About the Series Volume Editors

Ruth Kempson

Affiliations and Expertise

Department of Philosophy, King's College London

Tim Fernando

Affiliations and Expertise

Computer Science Dept, Trinity College, Dublin, Ireland

Nicholas Asher

Affiliations and Expertise

Computational Linguistics Lab, University of Texas at Austin, USA

About the Series Editors

Dov M. Gabbay

Dov M. Gabbay is Augustus De Morgan Professor Emeritus of Logic at the Group of Logic, Language and Computation, Department of Computer Science, King's College London. He has authored over four hundred and fifty research papers and over thirty research monographs. He is editor of several international Journals, and many reference works and Handbooks of Logic.

Affiliations and Expertise

King's College London, UK

Paul Thagard

Affiliations and Expertise

University of Waterloo, Canada

John Woods

Affiliations and Expertise

University of British Columbia, Vancouver, Canada

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