Philosophy and Archaeology - 1st Edition - ISBN: 9780126156508, 9781483295770

Philosophy and Archaeology

1st Edition

Authors: Merrilee H. Salmon
eBook ISBN: 9781483295770
Imprint: Academic Press
Published Date: 28th December 1982
Page Count: 203
Tax/VAT will be calculated at check-out Price includes VAT (GST)
30% off
30% off
30% off
30% off
30% off
20% off
20% off
30% off
30% off
30% off
30% off
30% off
20% off
20% off
30% off
30% off
30% off
30% off
30% off
20% off
20% off
72.95
51.06
51.06
51.06
51.06
51.06
58.36
58.36
54.95
38.47
38.47
38.47
38.47
38.47
43.96
43.96
43.99
30.79
30.79
30.79
30.79
30.79
35.19
35.19
Unavailable
Price includes VAT (GST)
× DRM-Free

Easy - Download and start reading immediately. There’s no activation process to access eBooks; all eBooks are fully searchable, and enabled for copying, pasting, and printing.

Flexible - Read on multiple operating systems and devices. Easily read eBooks on smart phones, computers, or any eBook readers, including Kindle.

Open - Buy once, receive and download all available eBook formats, including PDF, EPUB, and Mobi (for Kindle).

Institutional Access

Secure Checkout

Personal information is secured with SSL technology.

Free Shipping

Free global shipping
No minimum order.

Description

Studies in Archaeology: Philosophy and Archaeology presents the circumstances under which archeological hypotheses can be considered confirmed or disconfirmed. This book discusses the role of analogy in archeological reasoning, particularly in ascribing functions to archeological items.

Organized into seven chapters, this book begins with an overview of the relationship between archeology and philosophy. This text then examines the importance of laws for archeology and discusses some essential features of law statements. Other chapters consider the strong claims for the hypothetico–deductive method of confirmation in various works by archeologists. This book discusses as well the different uses of analogical reasoning in archeology and provides a discussion of the structure of analogical arguments, criteria for evaluating them, and their relations to the Bayesian arguments for confirmation. The final chapter deals with several issues related to the development of a theory of archeology.

This book is a valuable resource for archeologists and philosophers.

Table of Contents


Preface

Acknowledgments

One. Introduction

Two. Laws in Archaeology

Introduction and Examples

Some Features of Laws: Generality and Truth

Determinism and Statistical Laws

Methodological Determinism

Differences Between Laws of Physics and Laws of the Biological and Behavioral Sciences

Are There Any Laws of Archaeology?

The Importance of Laws for Archaeology

Are There Any Nontrivial Laws of Archaeology?

An Attempt to Employ Laws in an Archaeological Explanation

Conclusion

Three. Confirmation in Archaeology

Introduction

The Logic of Confirmation

The Hypothetico-Deductive Method

Relative Confirmation and Absolute Confirmation

Inadequacy of the H-D Method as a Model of Confirmation in Archaeology

Prior Probabilities

An Alternative Pattern for Confirmation

Bayes' Method

Alternative Hypotheses

Conclusion

Four. Analogy and Functional Ascription

Introduction

Form and Function

Context

Analysis and Evaluation of Arguments from Analogy

An Attempt to Provide a General Method for Ascribing Functions

Criticism of the Attempt

Ethnoarchaeology and Analogy

Conclusion

Five. Functional Explanation

Introduction and Examples of Functional Explanations

Functional Explanations Versus Functionalist Theories of Anthropology

The Consistency of Functional Explanations with Scientists' Understanding of Causality

Some Connections Between Functional Explanations and Systems

Models of the Phenomena and Models, or Patterns, of Explanation

Difficulties in Fitting Functional Explanations with Some Standard Models of Scientific Explanation

Some Inadequacies in the Standard Philosophical Models, or Patterns, of Scientific Explanation

An Attempt to Preserve Causal Features in Functional Explanations

An Attempt to Preserve Structure and Causality

Conclusion

Six. Structure of Archaeological Explanation

Introduction

Explaining the Character of a Faunal Assemblage

Structure of the Explanation

Deductive-Statistical Explanation—Explaining Regularities

Explaining the Occurrence of a Pattern

Problems with the High Probability Requirement

Causal Relevance and Statistical Relevance

Probabilistic Causes

Common Causes

Conclusion

Seven. Theory Building in Archaeology

Introduction

The Definitional Approach

Operational Definition

Systematics

Formal Theories

Mathematical Modeling

Constructing Theories by Borrowing

General Assumptions, Common-Sense Hypotheses, Induction, and Theories

Conclusion

Concluding Remarks

Bibliography

Author Index

Subject Index

Details

No. of pages:
203
Language:
English
Copyright:
© Academic Press 1982
Published:
Imprint:
Academic Press
eBook ISBN:
9781483295770

About the Author

Merrilee H. Salmon