Pheromone Biochemistry

Pheromone Biochemistry

1st Edition - September 2, 1987

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  • Editors: Glenn D. Prestwich, Gary J. Blomquist
  • eBook ISBN: 9781483219370

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Pheromone Biochemistry covers chapters on Lepidoptera, ticks, flies, beetles, and even vertebrate olfactory biochemistry. The book discusses pheromone production and its regulation in female insects; as well as reception, perception, and degradation of pheromones by male insects. The text then describes the pheromone biosynthesis and its regulation and the reception and catabolism of pheromones. Researchers in the areas of chemistry, biochemistry, entomology, neurobiology, molecular biology, enzymology, morphology, behavior, and ecology will find the book useful.

Table of Contents

  • Preface


    I. Pheromone Biosynthesis and its Regulation

    1. Relationship of Structure and Function to Biochemistry in Insect Pheromone Systems

    I. Introduction

    II. Chemical Structure of Insect Pheromone Systems

    III. Behavioral and Physiological Responses of Insects to Pheromones

    IV. Biochemistry of Pheromone Systems


    2. Biology and Ultrastructure of Sex Pheromone-Producing Glands

    I. Introduction

    II. Elucidation of Structural Details

    III. Distribution of Glands

    IV. Glands of Female Lepidoptera

    V. Concluding Remarks


    3. Pheromone Biosynthesis in Lepidopterans: Desaturation and Chain Shortening

    I. Introduction

    II. Methodology


    4. Pheromone Biosynthesis: Enzymatic Studies in Lepidoptera

    I. Introduction

    II. Biosynthesis of Long Chain Acetate Ester, Alcohol, and Aldehyde Pheromones

    III. Criteria for Identification of Enzymes in Pheromone Biosynthesis

    IV. Pathway for Pheromone Biosynthesis in the Spruce Budworm Moth

    V. Conclusions


    5. Endocrine Regulation of Pheromone Production in Lepidoptera

    I. Introduction

    II. Previous Research Findings

    III. Current Research

    IV. Future Research

    V. Prospects and Strategies for Exploiting Neurohormonal Regulation in Insects


    6. Biosynthesis of Pheromones and Endocrine Regulation of Pheromone Production in Coleoptera

    I. Introduction

    II. Mechanisms of Production

    III. Manipulation of Pheromone Chirality

    IV. Endocrine Regulation of Pheromone Production

    V. Concluding Remarks


    7. Biosynthesis and Endocrine Regulation of Sex Pheromone Production in Diptera

    I. Introduction: Dipteran Pheromones—An Overview

    II. Reproductive Biology of the Housefly

    III. Housefly Sex Pheromone

    IV. Endocrine Regulation of Pheromone Production

    V. Biosynthesis of Sex Pheromones in Diptera

    VI. Summary


    8. Alkaloid-Derived Pheromones and Sexual Selection in Lepidoptera

    I. Introduction

    II. Danaidone: First Characterization of a Hairpencil Secretion (Lycorea ceres)

    III. Danaidone: Proven Pheromonal Function (Danaus gilippus)

    IV. Pyrrolizidine Alkaloids: Proven Defensive Role (Utetheisa ornatrix)

    V. Hydroxydanaidal: Pheromonal Indicator of Systemic Alkaloid Load (Utetheisa ornatrix)

    VI. Pyrrolizidine Alkaloids: Parental Transmission to Egg (Utetheisa ornatrix and Danaus gilippus)

    VII. Postscript


    9. Neuroendocrine Regulation of Sex Pheromone-Mediated Behavior in Ixodid Ticks

    I. Introduction

    II. Sex Pheromones of Ixodid Ticks

    III. Role of Ecdysteroids in Regulating Sex Pheromone Biosynthesis in Ticks and Insects

    IV. Role of Juvenile Hormone/Gonadotropic Hormone in Regulating Tick Pheromone Activity

    V. Metabolism of Ecdysones in Ticks

    VI. Sites of Ecdysteroid Production in Ticks

    VII. 20-Hydroxyecdysone as a Component of the Genital Sex Pheromone of Ixodid Ticks

    VIII. Role of Neurosecretions in Stimulating Sex Pheromone Activity

    IX. Perception of Pheromones

    X. Summary


    10. Cantharidin Biosynthesis and Function in Meloid Beetles

    I. Introduction

    II. Methodology

    III. Results

    IV. Topics for Investigation


    II. Reception and Catabolism of Pheromones

    11. Functional Morphology of Pheromone-Sensitive Sensilla

    I. Introduction

    II. Antennal Shape, Sensillar Form and Distribution—Uptake of Pheromone Molecules

    III. Fine Structure of Olfactory Hairs—Stimulus Transport to the Receptor Site

    IV. Cellular Organization—Implications for Electrophysiology and Biochemistry

    V. Supplementary and Concluding Remarks


    12. The Molecular Basis of Pheromone Reception: Its Influence on Behavior

    I. Introduction

    II. The Animal

    III. Sensory Hair Proteins

    IV. Dynamic Interactions between Pheromone and Sensory Hair Proteins: Models of Pheromone Reception

    V. Transductory Mechanisms

    VI. Species Comparisons: The Biochemistry of Pheromone Reception in the Gypsy Moth

    VII. Variation in Olfactory Proteins: Evolvable Elements Encoding Insect Behavior

    VIII. The Future: The Molecular Basis of Pheromone Reception, the Molecular Basis of Behavior


    13. The Neurobiology of Pheromone Reception

    I. General Introduction

    II. Types of Neurophysiological Research and Methods

    III. Interpretation of Responses to Pheromone

    IV. What Do Single Sensillum Responses Tell Us about Primary Chemoreceptor Processes

    V. Interpretation of Electroantennograms

    The Electrical Equivalent Network of Antennae


    14. Chemical Studies of Pheromone Reception and Catabolism

    I. Introduction

    II. Methodology

    III. Specific Examples

    IV. Conclusion


    15. Molecular Mechanisms of Vertebrate Olfaction: Implications for Pheromone Biochemistry

    I. Introduction

    II. Olfactory Membrane Preparations

    III. Transductory Enzymes and Second Messengers

    IV. Ion Channels and Their Modulation

    V. Olfactory Receptor Proteins: Problems and Prospects



Product details

  • No. of pages: 586
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Academic Press 1987
  • Published: September 2, 1987
  • Imprint: Academic Press
  • eBook ISBN: 9781483219370

About the Editors

Glenn D. Prestwich

Gary J. Blomquist

Dr. Gary Blomquist works at the Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology at the University of Nevada.

Affiliations and Expertise

Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, University of Nevada, Reno, NV, USA

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