Phase Transformations in Steels

1st Edition

Diffusionless Transformations, High Strength Steels, Modelling and Advanced Analytical Techniques

Editors: Elena Pereloma David Edmonds
Hardcover ISBN: 9781845699710
eBook ISBN: 9780857096111
Imprint: Woodhead Publishing
Published Date: 11th May 2012
Page Count: 680
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Table of Contents

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Part I: Diffusionless transformations

Chapter 1: Crystallography of martensite transformations in steels


1.1 Introduction

1.2 Martensite transformations in steels

1.3 Phenomenological theory of martensite crystallography (PTMC)

1.4 The post phenomenological theory of martensite crystallography (PTMC) period

1.5 Strain energy – the Eshelby/Christian model and the infinitesimal deformation (ID) approach

1.6 Interfacial dislocation models

1.7 Future trends

1.8 Conclusions

Chapter 2: Morphology and substructure of martensite in steels


2.1 Morphology and crystallographic features of martensite in ferrous alloys

2.2 Morphology and substructure of lath martensite

2.3 Morphology and substructure of lenticular martensite

2.4 Morphology and substructure of thin plate martensite

2.5 Conclusions

Chapter 3: Kinetics of martensite transformations in steels


3.1 Introduction

3.2 Mechanism and kinetics of martensitic transformation

3.3 Mechanically induced transformations

3.4 Transformation plasticity constitutive relations and applications

3.5 Conclusions

Chapter 4: Shape memory in ferrous alloys


4.1 Introduction

4.2 Fe-Pt alloys

4.3 Fe-Ni and Fe-Ni-C alloys

4.4 Fe-Ni-Co-based alloys

4.5 Austenitic stainless steels with low stacking fault energy (SFE)

4.6 Fe-Mn-based alloys

4.7 Summary

4.8 Acknowledgements

Chapter 5: Tempering of martensite in carbon steels


5.1 Introduction

5.2 Martensitic microstructures prior to tempering heat treatments

5.3 Classification of aging and tempering stages: general considerations

5.4 Changes in martensi


The processing-microstructure-property relationships in steels continue to present challenges to researchers because of the complexity of phase transformation reactions and the wide spectrum of microstructures and properties achievable. This major two-volume work summarises the current state of research on phase transformations in steels and its implications for the emergence of new steels with enhanced engineering properties.

Volume 2 reviews current research on diffusionless transformations and phase transformations in high strength steels, as well as advances in modelling and analytical techniques which underpin this research. Chapters in part one discuss the crystallography and kinetics of martensite transformations, the morphology, substructure and tempering of martensite as well as shape memory in ferrous alloys. Part two summarises research on phase transformations in high strength low alloy (HSLA) steels, transformation induced plasticity (TRIP)-assisted multiphase steels, quenched and partitioned steels, advanced nanostructured bainitic steels, high manganese twinning induced plasticity (TWIP) and maraging steels. The final two parts of the book review advances in modelling and the use of advanced analytical techniques to improve our understanding of phase transformations in steels.

With its distinguished editors and distinguished international team of contributors, the two volumes of Phase transformations in steels is a standard reference for all those researching the properties of steel and developing new steels in such areas as automotive engineering, oil and gas and energy production.

Key Features

  • Alongside its companion volume, this major two-volume work summarises the current state of research on phase transformations in steels
  • Reviews research on diffusionless transformations and phase transformations in high strength steels
  • Examines advances in modelling and the use of advanced analytical techniques to improve understanding of phase transformations in steels


Scientists, metallurgical engineers and senior technicians in research and development laboratories, designers and fabricators, as well as academics and students.


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"The two volumes represent a thorough study on this a better understanding on microstructural and mechanical behavior of steels, predict their lifetime evolution and act to prevent material degradation and significant environmental impacts."--International Journal of Environmental Studies, Vol 70, Issue 2-13

A new and comprehensive book on phase transformations is both timely and welcome… The various chapters bring nicely up-to-date the vast knowledge of steel transformations in the literature., Professor Ted Massalski, Carnegie Mellon University, USA (from the Foreword)

About the Editors

Elena Pereloma Editor

Elena Pereloma is Professor of Physical Metallurgy and Director of the BlueScope Steel Metallurgy Centre at the University of Wollongong, Australia.

Affiliations and Expertise

University of Wollongong, Australia

David Edmonds Editor

David V. Edmonds is Emeritus Professor of Metallurgy at University of Leeds, UK. Both have made major contributions to steel research.

Affiliations and Expertise

University of Leeds, UK