Phase Transformations in Steels

1st Edition

Fundamentals and Diffusion-Controlled Transformations

Editors: Elena Pereloma David Edmonds
Hardcover ISBN: 9781845699703
eBook ISBN: 9780857096104
Imprint: Woodhead Publishing
Published Date: 11th May 2012
Page Count: 656
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Table of Contents

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Part I: Fundamentals of phase transformations

Chapter 1: The historical development of phase transformations understanding in ferrous alloys


1.1 Introduction

1.2 The legacy of ferrous technology, characterization, and understanding prior to 1880

1.3 The recognition of ferrous phase transformations in the first period (1880–1925)

1.4 The consolidation of ferrous phase transformations in the second period (1925–1970)

1.5 Conclusion

1.6 Bibliography

Chapter 2: Thermodynamics of phase transformations in steels


2.1 Introduction: the use of thermodynamics in phase transformations

2.2 External and internal variables

2.3 The state of equilibrium

2.4 The combined first and second law – its application

2.5 The calculation of thermodynamic properties and equilibrium under fixed T, P and composition

2.6 Gibbs energy of phases in steel – the Calphad method

2.7 Various kinds of phase diagrams

2.8 Effect of interfaces

2.9 Thermodynamics of fluctuations in equilibrium systems

2.10 Thermodynamics of nucleation

Chapter 3: Fundamentals of diffusion in phase transformations


3.1 Introduction

3.2 Driving forces of simultaneous processes

3.3 Atomistic model of diffusion

3.4 Change to a new frame of reference

3.5 Evaluation of mobilities

3.6 Trapping and transition to diffusionless transformation

3.7 Future trends

3.8 Acknowledgement

Chapter 4: Kinetics of phase transformations in steels


4.1 Introduction

4.2 General kinetic models

4.3 Geometrical/microstructural aspects in kinetics

4.4 Nucleation

4.5 Growth

4.6 Experimental methods

4.7 Ind


The processing-microstructure-property relationships in steels continue to present challenges to researchers because of the complexity of phase transformation reactions and the wide spectrum of microstructures and properties achievable. This major two-volume work summarises the current state of research on phase transformations in steels and its implications for the emergence of new steels with enhanced engineering properties.

Volume 1 reviews fundamentals and diffusion-controlled phase transformations. After a historical overview, chapters in part one discuss fundamental principles of thermodynamics, diffusion and kinetics as well as phase boundary interfaces. Chapters in part two go on to consider ferrite formation, proeutectoid ferrite and cementite transformations, pearlite formation and massive austenite-ferrite phase transformations. Part three discusses the mechanisms of bainite transformations, including carbide-containing and carbide-free bainite. The final part of the book considers additional driving forces for transformation including nucleation and growth during austenite-to-ferrite phase transformations, dynamic strain-induced ferrite transformations (DIST) as well as the effects of magnetic fields and heating rates.

With its distinguished editors and distinguished international team of contributors, the two volumes of Phase transformations in steels is a standard reference for all those researching the properties of steel and developing new steels in such areas as automotive engineering, oil and gas and energy production.

Key Features

  • Discusses the fundamental principles of thermodynamics, diffusion and kinetics
  • Considers various transformations, including ferrite formation, proeutectoid ferrite and cementite transformations
  • Considers additional driving forces for transformation including nucleation and growth during austenite-to-ferrite phase transformations


Scientists, metallurgical engineers and senior technicians in research and development laboratories, designers and fabricators, as well as academics and students.


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"The two volumes represent a thorough study on this a better understanding on microstructural and mechanical behavior of steels, predict their lifetime evolution and act to prevent material degradation and significant environmental impacts."--International Journal of Environmental Studies, Vol 70, Issue 2-13

A new and comprehensive book on phase transformations is both timely and welcome. The various chapters bring nicely up-to-date the vast knowledge of steel transformations in the literature., Professor Ted Massalski, Carnegie Mellon University, USA (from the Foreword)
This book updates works on diffusion-controlled phase transformations in steels. Researchers will find it essential for reference., Materials World

About the Editors

Elena Pereloma Editor

Elena Pereloma is Professor of Physical Metallurgy and Director of the BlueScope Steel Metallurgy Centre at the University of Wollongong, Australia.

Affiliations and Expertise

University of Wollongong, Australia

David Edmonds Editor

David V. Edmonds is Emeritus Professor of Metallurgy at University of Leeds, UK. Both have made major contributions to steel research.

Affiliations and Expertise

University of Leeds, UK