Phase Diagrams 6-II

Phase Diagrams 6-II

Materials Science and Technology

1st Edition - January 28, 1970

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  • Editor: Allen Alper
  • eBook ISBN: 9780323153607

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Phase Diagrams: Materials Science and Technology, Volume II covers the use of phase diagrams in metals, refractories, ceramics, and cements. Divided into 10 chapters, this volume first describes the main features of phase diagrams representing systems in which the oxygen pressure is an important parameter, starting with binary systems and proceeding toward the more complicated ternary and quaternary systems. The subsequent chapters discuss the application of phase diagrams in several refractory systems. A chapter covers the procedures used for cement production and some of the available phase-equilibrium data and their application to specific situations. This volume also deals with the application of phase diagrams to extraction metallurgy, with an emphasis on oxide systems, as well as in ceramic and metal sintering. The concluding chapters explore the relationship of heat treatment of metals and alloys to their phase diagrams. These chapters also deal with the use of phase diagrams in several techniques of joining metals, such as fusion welding, brazing, solid-state bonding, and soldering. This volume will be useful to all scientists, engineers, and materials science students who are investigating and developing materials, as well as to the end users of the materials.

Table of Contents

  • List of Contributors



    Contents of Other Volumes

    I. The Effect of Oxygen Pressure on Phase Relations in Oxide Systems

    I. Introduction

    II. Binary Systems

    III. Ternary Systems

    IV. Quaternary Systems

    V. General Considerations


    II. The Relationship of Phase Diagrams to Constitution and Microstructure in Ceramic and Ceramic-Metal Systems

    I. Introduction

    II. Liquid Immiscibility in Silicate Melts

    III. Phase Equilibria in Basic Refractories

    IV. The Equilibrium Distribution of the Phases in Multiphase Bodies

    V. Phase Equilibria in Systems Containing a Gaseous Component


    III. The Use of Phase Diagrams in the Development and Use of Refractories

    I. Introduction

    II. The System Al203-Si02

    III. Kinetic Limitations

    IV. Silica Brick

    V. The System FeO-Fe203-Si02

    VI. Basic Refractories


    IV. The Use of Phase Diagrams in Fusion-Cast Refractory Materials Research

    I. Introduction

    II. Systems Containing Complete Solid Solutions

    III. Systems Containing a Simple Eutectic and Partial Solid Solution

    IV. Comparison of Eutectic- and Peritectic-Containing Carbide-Graphite Systems

    V. Systems Where Nonequilibrium Phase Assemblages Are Prevalent

    VI. Systems Containing Liquid Immiscibility

    VII. Conclusions


    V. Application of the Phase Rule to Cement Chemistry

    I. Introduction

    II. Calcium Aluminate Cements

    III. Portland Cements

    IV. Hydration of Cements


    VI. Phase Diagrams in Extraction Metallurgy

    I. Introduction

    II. Oxide Systems


    VII. Intermediate Phases in Metallic Phase Diagrams

    I. Introduction

    II. Thermodynamic Description of Phase Stability

    III. Types and Classification of Intermediate Phases

    IV. Bonding Mechanisms

    V. Metallic Valence

    VI. Atomic Sizes

    VII. Electrochemical Factors and Heats of Formation

    VIII. Compounds with Metallic Bonding—Electron Phases

    IX. Laves Phases

    X. Phases with Mixed Ionic, Covalent, and Metallic Bonding

    XI. Phases with Fixed Stoichiometry

    XII. Coordination Structures

    XIII. Factors Governing the Crystal Structure

    XIV. Technological Aspects Related to Intermediate Phases

    XV. Enhancement of Properties with Dispersed Intermediate Phases

    XVI. Some Detrimental Effects

    XVII. Semiempirical Guidelines Related to Phase Precipitation and Phase Stability

    XVIII. Some Nonferrous Alloys


    VIII. The Use of Phase Diagrams in the Sintering of Ceramics and Metals

    I. Introduction

    II. Review of Sintering Theory

    III. Sintering of Solid Solutions

    IV. Sintering in Multiphase Systems

    V. Summary


    IX. Phase Diagrams and the Heat Treatment of Metals

    I. Introduction

    II. Heat Treatments within Phase Fields

    III. Heat Treatment involving Phase Transformation

    IV. Heat Treatment involving Composition Changes


    X. The Use of Phase Diagrams in the Joining of Metals

    I. Introduction

    II. Fusion Welding

    III. Brazing

    IV. Solid State Bonding

    V. Soldering

    VI. Metal-Ceramic Seals

Product details

  • No. of pages: 374
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Academic Press 1970
  • Published: January 28, 1970
  • Imprint: Academic Press
  • eBook ISBN: 9780323153607

About the Editor

Allen Alper

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