Engineers and geologists in the petroleum industry will find Petroleum Related Rock Mechanics, 2E, a powerful resource in providing a basis of rock mechanical knowledge - a knowledge which can greatly assist in the understanding of field behavior, design of test programs and the design of field operations. Not only does this text give an introduction to applications of rock mechanics within the petroleum industry, it has a strong focus on basics, drilling, production and reservoir engineering. Assessment of rock mechanical parameters is covered in depth, as is acoustic wave propagation in rocks, with possible link to 4D seismics as well as log interpretation.

Key Features

* Learn the basic principles behind rock mechanics from leading academic and industry experts * Quick reference and guide for engineers and geologists working in the field * Keep informed and up to date on all the latest methods and fundamental concepts


Engineers and geologists in the petroleum industry

Table of Contents

Preface to the second edition.
Foreword to the 1992 edition.
Preface to the 1992 edition.
1. Elasticity.

1.1 Stress.
1.2 Strain.
1.3 Elastic moduli.
1.4 Strain energy.
1.5 Thermoelasticity.
1.6 Poroelasticity.
1.7 Anisotropy.
1.8 Non-linearelasticity.
1.9 Time-dependent effects.
2. Failure mechanics.
2.1 Basic concepts.
2.2 Tensile failure.
2.3 Shear failure.
2.4 Compaction failure.
2.5 Failure criteria in three dimensions.
2.6 Fluid effects.
2.7 Presentation and interpretation of data from failure tests.
2.8 Beyond the yield point.
2.9 Failure of anisotropic and fractured rocks.
2.10 Stress history effects.
3. Geological aspects of petroleum related rock mechanics.
3.1 Underground stresses.
3.2 Pore pressure.
3.3 Sedimentological aspects.
3.4 Mechanical properties of sedimentary rocks.
4. Stresses around boreholes – Borehole failure criteria.
4.1 Stresses and strains in cylindrical coordinates.
4.2 Stresses in a hollow cylinder.
4.3 Elastic stresses around wells — the general solution.
4.4 Poroelastic time dependent effects.
4.5 Borehole failure criteria.
4.6 Beyond failure initiation.
4.7 Spherical coordinates.
5. Elastic wave propagation in rocks.
5.1 The wave equation.
5.2 P-and S-waves.
5.3 Elastic waves in porous materials.
5.4 Attenuation.
5.5 Anisotropy.
5.6 Rock mechanics and rock acoustics.
5.7 Reflections and refractions.
5.8 Bore hole acoustics.
5.9 Seismics.
6. Rock models.
6.1 Layered media.
6.2 Models involving porosity only.
6.3 Grainpack models.
6.4 Models for cracks and other inclusions.
6.5 Fractured rocks.
7. Mechanical properties and stress data from laboratory analysis.


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© 2008
Elsevier Science
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About the authors

Erling Fjar

Affiliations and Expertise

SINTEF Petroleum Research and Norwegian University of Science & Technology, Trondheim, Norway

R.M. Holt

Affiliations and Expertise

Norwegian University of Science & Technology and SINTEF Petroleum Research, Trondheim, Norway

A.M. Raaen

Affiliations and Expertise

IKU, Trondheim, Norway

R. Risnes

Affiliations and Expertise

Rogaland University Centre, Stavanger, Norway