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Petroleum Production Engineering, A Computer-Assisted Approach - 1st Edition - ISBN: 9780750682701, 9780080479958

Petroleum Production Engineering, A Computer-Assisted Approach

1st Edition

Author: Boyun Guo, PhD
Hardcover ISBN: 9780750682701
Paperback ISBN: 9781493303243
eBook ISBN: 9780080479958
Imprint: Gulf Professional Publishing
Published Date: 5th February 2007
Page Count: 312
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Petroleum Production Engineering, A Computer-Assisted Approach provides handy guidelines to designing, analyzing and optimizing petroleum production systems. Broken into four parts, this book covers the full scope of petroleum production engineering, featuring stepwise calculations and computer-based spreadsheet programs. Part one contains discussions of petroleum production engineering fundamentals, empirical models for production decline analysis, and the performance of oil and natural gas wells. Part two presents principles of designing and selecting the main components of petroleum production systems including: well tubing, separation and dehydration systems, liquid pumps, gas compressors, and pipelines for oil and gas transportation. Part three introduces artificial lift methods, including sucker rod pumping systems, gas lift technology, electrical submersible pumps and other artificial lift systems. Part four is comprised of production enhancement techniques including, identifying well problems, designing acidizing jobs, guidelines to hydraulic fracturing and job evaluation techniques, and production optimization techniques.

Key Features

  • Provides complete coverage of the latest techniques used for designing and analyzing petroleum production systems
  • Increases efficiency and addresses common problems by utilizing the computer-based solutions discussed within the book
  • Presents principles of designing and selecting the main components of petroleum production systems


Pipeline Engineering, Petroleum engineering

Table of Contents

List of Symbols
List of Tables
List of Figures
Part I: Petroleum Production Engineering Fundamentals
Chapter 1: Petroleum Production System
1.1 Introduction
1.2 Reservoir
1.3 Well
1.4 Separator
1.5 Pump
1.6 Gas Compressor
1.7 Pipelines
1.8 Safety Control System
1.9 Unit Systems
Chapter 2: Properties of Oil and Natural Gas
2.1 Introduction
2.2 Properties of Oil
2.2.1 Solution Gas Oil Ratio
2.2.2 Density of Oil
2.2.3 Formation Volume Factor of Oil
2.2.4 Viscosity of Oil
2.2.5 Oil Compressibility
2.3 Properties of Natural Gas
2.3.1 Specific Gravity of Gas
2.3.2 Gas Pseudocritical Pressure and Temperature
2.3.3 Viscosity of Gas
2.3.4 Gas Compressibility Factor
2.3.5 Density of Gas
2.3.6 Formation Volume Factor of Gas
2.3.7 Gas Compressibility
Chapter 3: Reservoir Deliverability
3.1 Introduction
3.2 Flow Regimes
3.2.1 Transient Flow
3.2.2 Steady State Flow
3.2.3 Pseudosteady State Flow
3.2.4 Horizontal Well
3.3 Inflow Performance Relationship (IPR)
3.3.1 IPR for Single (Liquid) Phase Reservoirs
3.3.2 IPR for Two-Phase Reservoirs
3.3.3 IPR for Partial Two-Phase Oil Reservoirs
3.4 Construction of IPR Curves Using Test Points
3.5 Composite IPR of Stratified Reservoirs
3.5.1 Composite IPR Models Single-Phase Liquid Flow Two-Phase Flow Partial Two-Phase Flow
3.5.2 Applications
3.6 Future IPR
3.6.1 Vogel’s Method
3.6.2 Fetkovich’s Method
Chapter 4: Wellbore Performance
4.1 Introduction
4.2 Single-Phase Liquid Flow
4.3 Multiphase Flow in Oil Wells
4.3.1 Flow Regimes
4.3.2 Liquid Holdup
4.3.3 TPR Models Homogeneous-Flow Models Separated-Flow Models
4.4 Single-Phase Gas Flow
4.4.1 The Average Temperature and Compressibility Factor Method
4.4.2 The Cullender and Smith Method
4.5 Mist Flow in Gas Wells
Chapter 5: Choke Performance
5.1 Introduction
5.2 Sonic and Subsonic Flow
5.3 Single-Phase Liquid Flow
5.4 Single-Phase Gas Flow
5.4.1 Subsonic Flow
5.4.2 Sonic Flow
5.4.3 Temperature at Choke
5.4.4 Applications
5.5 Multiphase Flow
5.5.1 Critical (Sonic) Flow.
5.5.2 Subcritical (Subsonic) Flow
Chapter 6: Well Deliverability
6.1 Introduction
6.2 Nodal Analysis
6.2.1 Analysis with the Bottom Hole Node Gas Well Oil Well
6.2.2 Analysis with Wellhead Node Gas Well Oil Well
6.3 Deliverability of Multilateral Well
6.3.1 Gas Well
6.3.2 Oil Well
Chapter 7: Forecast of Well Production
7.1 Introduction
7.2 Oil Production during Transient Flow Period
7.3 Oil Production during Pseudo-Steady Flow Period
7.3.1 Oil Production during Single-Phase Flow Period
7.3.2 Oil Production during Two-Phase Flow Period
7.4 Gas Production during Transient Flow Period
7.5 Gas Production during Pseudo-Steady Flow Period
Chapter 8: Production Decline Analysis
8.1 Introduction
8.2 Exponential Decline
8.2.1 Relative Decline Rate
8.2.2 Production Rate Decline
8.2.3 Cumulative Production
8.2.4 Determination of Decline Rate
8.2.5 Effective Decline Rate
8.3 Harmonic Decline
8.4 Hyperbolic Decline
8.5 Model Identification
8.6 Determination of Model Parameters
8.7 Illustrative Examples
Part II: Equipment Design and Selection
Chapter 9: Well Tubing
9.1 Introduction
9.2 Strength of Tubing
9.3 Tubing Design
9.3.1 Tension, Collapse, and Burst Design
9.3.2 Buckling Prevention During Production
9.3.3 Considerations for Well Treatment and Stimulation Temperature Effect Pressure Effect Total Effect of Temperature and Pressure
Chapter 10: Separation Systems
10.1 Introduction
10.2 Separation Systems
10.2.1 Principles of Separation
10.2.2 Types of Separators Vertical Separators Horizontal Separators Spherical Separators
10.2.3 Factors Affecting Separation
10.2.4 Selection of Separators Gas Capacity10.2.4.1 Gas Capacity Liquid Capacity
10.2.5 Stage Separation
10.3 Dehydration Systems
10.3.1 Water Content of Natural Gas Streams
10.3.2 Methods for Dehydration Dehydration by Cooling Dehydration by Adsorption Dehydration by Absorption Glycol Dehydration Process Advantages and Limitations Sizing Glycol Dehydrator Unit
Chapter 11: Transportation Systems
11.1 Introduction
11.2 Pumps
11.2.1 Triplex Pumps
11.2.2 Duplex Pumps
11.3 Compressors
11.3.1 Types of Compressors
11.3.2 Reciprocating Compressors
11.3.3 Centrifugal Compressors
11.4 Pipelines
11.4.1 Flow in Pipelines Oil Flow Gas Flow Weymouth Equation for Horizontal Flow Weymouth Equation for Non-horizontal Flow Panhandle-A Equation for Horizontal Flow Panhandle-B Equation for Horizontal Flow Clinedinst Equation for Horizontal Flow Pipeline Efficiency
11.4.2 Design of Pipelines Wall Thickness Design Design Procedure Design for Internal Pressure Design for External Pressure Corrosion Allowance Check for Hydrotest Condition Insulation Design Insulation Materials Heat Transfer Models
Part III: Artificial Lift Methods
Chapter 12: Sucker Rod Pumping
12.1 Introduction
12.2 Pumping System
12.3 Polished Rod Motion
12.4 Load to the Pumping Unit
12.4.1 Maximum PRL
12.4.2 Minimum PRL
12.4.3 Counterweights
12.4.4 Peak Torque and Speed Limit
12.4.5 Tapered Rod Strings
12.5 Pump Deliverability and Power Requirements
12.5.1 Effective Plunger Stroke Length
12.5.2 Volumetric Efficiency
12.5.3 Power Requirements
12.6 Procedure for Pumping Unit Selection
12.7 Principles of Pump Performance Analysis
Chapter 13: Gas Lift
13.1 Introduction
13.2 Gas Lift System
13.3 Evaluation of Gas Lift Potential
13.4 Gas Lift Gas Compression Requirements
13.4.1 Gas Flow Rate Requirement
13.4.2 Output Gas Pressure Requirement Injection Pressure at Valve Depth Injection Pressure at Surface Pressure Upstream the Choke Pressure of the Gas Distribution Line
13.4.3 Compression Power Requirement Reciprocating Compressors Volumetric Efficiency Stage Compression Isentropic Horsepower Centrifugal Compressors
13.5 Selection of Gas Lift Valves
13.5.1 Unloading Sequence
13.5.2 Valve Characteristics Pressure Valve Unbalanced Bellow Valve Balanced Pressure Valve Pilot Valve Throttling Pressure Valve Fluid-Operated Valve Combination Valves
13.5.3 Valve Spacing
13.5.4 Valve Selection and Testing Valve Sizing Valve Testing
13.6 Special Issues in Intermittent Flow Gas-Lift
13.7 Design of Gas Lift Installations
Chapter 14: Other Artificial Lift Methods
14.1 Introduction
14.2 Electrical Submersible Pump
14.2.1 Principle
14.2.2 ESP Applications
14.3 Hydraulic Piston Pumping
14.4 Progressive Cavity Pumping
14.4.1 Down Hole PCP Characteristics
14.4.2 Selection of Down Hole PCP
14.4.3 Selection of Drive String
14.4.4 Selection of Surface Driver
14.5 Plunger Lift
14.5.1 Working Principle
14.5.2 Design Guideline Estimate of Production Rates with Plunger Lift GLR and Buildup Pressure Requirements Rules of Thumb Analytical Method
14.6 Hydraulic Jet Pumping
14.6.1 Working Principle
14.6.2 Technical Parameters
14.6.3 Selection of Jet Pumps
Part IV: Production Enhancement
Chapter 15: Well Problem Identification
15.1 Introduction
15.2 Low Productivity
15.2.1 Pressure Transient Data Analysis
15.3 Excessive Gas Production
15.4 Excessive Water Production
15.5 Liquid Loading of Gas Wells
15.5.1 Turner’s Method
15.5.2 Guo et al.’s Method Minimum Kinetic Energy Four-Phase Flow Model Minimum Required Gas Production Rate
15.5.3 Comparison of Turner’s and Guo et al.’s Methods
Chapter 16: Matrix Acidizing
16.1 Introduction
16.2 Acid/Rock Interaction
16.2.1 Primary Chemical Reactions
16.2.2 Dissolving Power of Acids
16.2.3 Reaction Kinetics
16.3 Sandstone Acidizing Design
16.3.1 Selection of Acid
16.3.2 Acid Volume Requirement
16.3.3 Acid Injection Rate
16.3.4 Acid Injection Pressure
16.4 Carbonate Acidizing Design
16.4.1 Selection of Acid
16.4.2 Acidizing Parameters
Chapter 17: Hydraulic Fracturing
17.1 Introduction
17.2 Formation Fracturing Pressure
17.3 Fracture Geometry
17.3.1 Radial Fracture Model
17.3.2 The KGD Model
17.3.3 The PKN model
17.3.4 Three-Dimensional and Pseudo-3D Models
17.4 Productivity of Fractured Wells
17.5 Hydraulic Fracturing Design
17.5.1 Selection of Fracturing Fluid
17.5.2 Selection of Proppant
17.5.3 The Maximum Treatment Pressure
17.5.4 Selection of Fracture Model
17.5.5 Selection of Treatment Size
17.5.6 Production Forecast and NPV Analyses
17.6 Post-frac Evaluation
17.6.1 Pressure Matching
17.6.2 Pressure Build-Up Test Analysis
17.6.3 Other Evaluation Techniques
Chapter 18: Production Optimization
18.1 Introduction
18.2 Naturally Flowing Well
18.3 Gas-Lifted Well
18.4 Sucker Rod-Pumped Well
18.5 Separator
18.6 Pipeline Network
18.6.1 Pipelines in Series
18.6.2 Pipelines in Parallel
18.6.3 Looped Pipelines
18.7 Gas Lift Facility
18.8 Oil and Gas Production Fields
18.8.1 Types of Flow Networks
18.8.2 Optimization Approaches Simulation Approach Optimization Approach
18.8.3 Procedure for Production Optimization
18.8.4 Production Optimization Software ReO HYSYS FAST Piper
18.9 Discounted Revenue
Appendix A: Unit Conversion Factors
Appendix B: The Minimum Performance Properties of API Tubing


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© Gulf Professional Publishing 2007
5th February 2007
Gulf Professional Publishing
Hardcover ISBN:
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About the Author

Boyun Guo, PhD

Boyun Guo is a Professor at the University of Louisiana at Lafayette in the Petroleum Engineering Department and Director of the Center for Optimization of Petroleum Systems (COPS) of the Energy Institute of Louisiana (EIL). He has 40 years of work experience in the oil and gas industry and academia. He is the principal author of 11 books and author/coauthor of over 150 research papers. He holds a BS degree in Engineering Science from Daqing Petroleum Institute in China, MS degree in Petroleum Engineering from Montana College of Mineral Science and Technology, and a PhD degree in Petroleum Engineering from New Mexico Institute of Mining and Technology.

Affiliations and Expertise

Professor, Petroleum Engineering Department, University of Louisiana, Lafayette and Director, Center for Optimization of Petroleum Systems (COPS), USA

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