Petroleum Industry Wastewater

Petroleum Industry Wastewater

Advanced and Sustainable Treatment Methods

1st Edition - March 15, 2022

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  • Editors: Muftah El-Naas, Aditi Banerjee
  • Paperback ISBN: 9780323858847
  • eBook ISBN: 9780323858854

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Description

Petroleum Industry Wastewater: Advanced and Sustainable Treatment Methods discusses the status of different approaches and advanced processes involved in the treatment of petrochemical and petroleum industry wastewater. The book focuses on advanced, sustainable, and environmentally friendly technologies for removing toxic pollutants from contaminated waters. The book also explores the environmental aspects and impacts of the petroleum industry discharge wastewater, their effect on aquatic life, and possible ways to deal with these effects. Keeping the global water crisis and fast depletion of natural fresh water in mind, more immediate knowledge, information, implication, and effective utilization of available resources are required than we anticipated. The book brings a wide range of methodologies and perspectives under one roof in a comprehensive manner.

Key Features

  • Describes advanced strategies and methods involved in petroleum industry water treatment
  • Deals with ways to treat discharged water through cutting-edge technologies
  • Presents an overview of pollutant degradation in industrial wastewater
  • Highlights advanced and technological know-how for a variety of applications

Readership

Engineers, scientists, environmental microbiologists, in the area of wastewater treatment. Different professionals working or interested in the Environmental Microbiology or Bioremediation or Environmental treatment

Table of Contents

  • Cover image
  • Title page
  • Table of Contents
  • Copyright
  • List of contributors
  • Chapter 1. Treatment of petroleum industry wastewater: current practices and perspectives
  • Abstract
  • Introduction
  • Electrochemical methods
  • Membrane-based methods
  • Biomaterial-based methods
  • Biological methods
  • Life cycle assessment
  • Summary and future perspectives
  • References
  • Chapter 2. Chemistry of petroleum wastewater
  • Abstract
  • Introduction
  • Petroleum wastewater characteristics
  • The methods for measuring the main compounds in petroleum wastewater
  • Total residual chlorine
  • Total suspended solids
  • Oil and grease
  • Nitrate
  • Biochemical oxygen demand
  • Chemical oxygen demand
  • Total organic carbon
  • References
  • Chapter 3. Concomitant degradation of petroleum products and microplastics in industrial wastewater using genetically modified microorganisms
  • Abstract
  • Introduction
  • Interaction of petroluem hydrocarbons with microorganisms
  • Biodegradation of petroleum hydrocarbons by microorganisms
  • Aerobic degradation
  • Anaerobic degradation
  • Degradation using biosurfactants
  • Degradation of hydrocarbons by chemical oxidation
  • Degradation using genetically modified organisms
  • Degradation of contaminants through genetically modified synthetic microorganisms
  • Vector
  • Mechanism
  • Fate of the end products
  • Conclusions
  • Future prospects
  • References
  • Chapter 4. Constraints and advantages of bacterial bioremediation of petroleum wastewater by pure and mixed culture
  • Abstract
  • Introduction
  • Petroleum wastewater
  • Petroleum wastewater characteristics
  • Pretreatment process for biological stabilization
  • Physical treatment
  • Chemical treatment
  • In situ biological treatment of petroleum wastewater
  • Bioremediation
  • Anaerobic process
  • Aerobic process
  • Integrated biological process
  • Phytoremediation
  • Commercially available bioremediation agents
  • Advantages and disadvantages of biological process (using both pure or mixed culture)
  • Conclusions
  • References
  • Chapter 5. Prospects of green technology in the management of refinery wastewater: application of biofilms
  • Abstract
  • Introduction
  • Biotreatment options for refinery wastewater
  • Immobilized-biofilm application
  • Conclusions
  • Acknowledgments
  • References
  • Chapter 6. Algal bioremediation versus conventional wastewater treatment
  • Abstract
  • Introduction
  • Conventional Ww treatment technologies
  • Algal culture for Ww treatment systems
  • Bioaccumulation and bioassimilation
  • Algae harvesting
  • Conclusions
  • References
  • Chapter 7. Application of microalgae in wastewater treatment: simultaneous nutrient removal and carbon dioxide bio-fixation for biofuel feedstock production
  • Abstract
  • Background
  • Algae and wastewater treatment
  • Industrial wastewater treatment
  • Algae and energy production
  • Algae and biofuel production
  • References
  • Chapter 8. Membrane-based treatment of petroleum wastewater
  • Abstract
  • Wastewater in the petroleum industry
  • Implementation of membrane processes as advanced treatment methods
  • Performance of membrane processes for the treatment of petroleum wastewater
  • Existing challenges and potentials of membrane-based processes
  • Sustainability consideration of membrane processes
  • Conclusions
  • References
  • Chapter 9. Management of petroleum wastewater: comparative evaluation of modern and traditional techniques
  • Abstract
  • Introduction
  • Types of waste generated in oil refineries
  • Methods and recommendations for sustainable management of wastewater
  • Conclusions
  • References
  • Chapter 10. Nanocomposite material-based catalyst, adsorbent, and membranes for petroleum wastewater treatment
  • Abstract
  • Introduction
  • Application of sorption for petroleum wastewater treatment
  • Nanocatalysis, and their composite as adsorbents
  • Methods of nanocomposite synthesis as adsorbents
  • Carbon-based nanocomposite
  • Organic and inorganic-based composite adsorbents
  • Application of green adsorbents in petroleum wastewater treatment
  • In-depth mechanism of pollutants adsorption in petroleum wastewater field
  • Application of membrane technology for petroleum wastewater treatment
  • Conclusions
  • References
  • Chapter 11. Treatment of petroleum wastewater using solar power-based photocatalysis
  • Abstract
  • Introduction
  • Petroleum wastewater
  • Petroleum wastewater characteristics
  • Petroleum wastewater treatment technology
  • Photocatalysis
  • Fundamentals and treatment mechanisms
  • Best photocatalysts
  • Nanotechnology and photocatalysis
  • Factors influencing photocatalysis
  • Limitations
  • Conclusions
  • References
  • Chapter 12. Electrochemical treatment of petroleum wastewater: standalone and integrated processes
  • Abstract
  • Introduction
  • Electrochemical processes fundamentals
  • Electrochemical-based hybrid and integrated processes
  • Challenges and outlook
  • References
  • Chapter 13. The viable role of activated carbon for the effective remediation of refinery and petrochemical wastewaters
  • Abstract
  • Introduction
  • Classification, unique characteristics, and applications
  • Preparation of activated carbon
  • Activated carbon from renewable feedstocks and industrial waste
  • Potential roles of activated carbon for the treatment of refinery and petrochemical wastewaters
  • Biochar—a derivative of activated carbon for the treatment of refinery and petrochemical wastewaters
  • Recent advances in the activated carbon-assisted hybrid treatment technology
  • Regeneration and reusability
  • Perspective and outlook
  • Conclusions
  • References
  • Chapter 14. Life-cycle assessment and cost-benefit analysis of petroleum industry wastewater treatment
  • Abstract
  • Introduction
  • An overview on life-cycle assessment
  • Life-cycle phases
  • Life-cycle impact assessment of petroleum wastewater treatment
  • Economic efficiency analysis
  • Concluding remarks
  • References
  • Chapter 15. Sustainability of wastewater treatment
  • Abstract
  • Background
  • Characteristics
  • Impact on environmental and human health
  • Sustainability
  • Treatment technologies
  • Sustainability of petroleum industry wastewater treatment
  • Recovery of various resources from petroleum industry wastewater
  • Future perspective
  • Conclusions
  • Acknowledgments
  • References
  • Chapter 16. Circular economy in petroleum industries: implementing Water Closed Loop System
  • Abstract
  • Industrial water and wastewater
  • Water and wastewater in oil and gas industries
  • Principles of circular economy
  • Water closed-loop system; theories and concept
  • Conclusion and recommendations
  • References
  • Index

Product details

  • No. of pages: 278
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Elsevier 2022
  • Published: March 15, 2022
  • Imprint: Elsevier
  • Paperback ISBN: 9780323858847
  • eBook ISBN: 9780323858854

About the Editors

Muftah El-Naas

Dr. Muftah El-Naas is Professor of Chemical Engineering at the Gas Processing Center, Qatar University, and served as Director of the Center and QAFCO Industrial Chair Professor. His areas of expertise include water treatment and purification; CO2 capture and conversion; biotechnology; membrane separation; and plasma technology. Most of his recent research focuses on the development of new, environmentally friendly technologies for the Oil and Gas industry. Dr. El-Naas and his research teams developed and patented a multi-step water treatment process, which was successfully tested at a pilot scale for the treatment of refinery wastewater. Dr. El-Naas authored more than 200 papers in international journals and conferences, in addition to several book chapters and patent applications.

Affiliations and Expertise

Director, Gas Processing Center, Qatar University, Qatar

Aditi Banerjee

Dr. Aditi Banerjee is currently holding a DST Woman Scientist position as an independent researcher position in the Center for nanotechnology, IIT Guwahati, India. She started her research career as an environmentalist, focusing on treating petrochemical and refinery-generated wastewater by biological methods. Currently, interdisciplinary approach and application of treating and making wealth from waste are her present research interest. Fifteen international research publications and 2 books are in her bag.

Affiliations and Expertise

DST Woman Scientist position as an independent researcher position in Centre for nanotechnology, IIT Guwahati, India

Ratings and Reviews

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  • Liu Z. Thu Mar 31 2022

    A true scientific gem

    Started using this book for my Capstone project. I found it to be very useful and informative, truly breaking the boundaries of wastewater treatment.