Pesticides in the Natural Environment

Pesticides in the Natural Environment

Sources, Health Risks, and Remediation

1st Edition - May 1, 2022

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  • Editors: Pardeep Singh, Suruchi Singh, Mika Sillanpää
  • Paperback ISBN: 9780323904896

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Description

Pesticides in the Natural Environment: Sources, Health Risks, and Remediation presents the direct and indirect impacts of the use of pesticides on the environment, human health, and agriculture. The book explores sustainable alternatives to pesticide use, along with policies for regulations and remediation techniques. Bridging the gap between regulations and the tangible environmental threat, the book proposes practical solutions while also providing important context on the hazards of pesticides. It highlights the influence on climate change, offering a holistic perspective for researchers in environmental science, policymakers, and land managers.The book introduces pesticides and their applications, then goes on to cover their impact on various ecosystems in the natural environment. Health risks are covered, followed by various remediation techniques, such as biological processes, phytoremediation, and chemical treatments.

Key Features

  • Describes the impact of pesticides on the environment, human health and the food chain as well as regulations and policies to address the impact
  • Presents remediation strategies and techniques for pesticides in a variety of ecosystems, along with potential alternatives
  • Includes case studies to illustrate the proper management of pesticides and intervention

Readership

Researchers and policymakers working in environmental science, particularly pollution and remediation

Table of Contents

  • Cover
  • Title page
  • Table of Contents
  • Copyright
  • Contributors
  • Chapter 1: Classification of pesticides and loss of crops due to creepy crawlers
  • Abstract
  • 1: Introduction
  • 2: Crop losses due to pests
  • 3: Pesticide classification
  • 4: Classification based on chemical structure
  • 5: Organochlorine pesticides (OCP)
  • 6: Organophosphate pesticides (OPP)
  • 7: Carbamate pesticides
  • 8: Pyrethroid pesticides
  • 9: Classification based on mode of entry
  • 10: Classification based on target pest
  • 11: Based on pesticide toxicity
  • 12: Pesticide contamination, implications, and environmental impacts
  • 13: Summary
  • References
  • Chapter 2: Ecological impacts of pesticides on soil and water ecosystems and its natural degradation process
  • Abstract
  • Acknowledgments
  • 1: Introduction
  • 2: Persistence and circulation of pesticides in the ecosystem
  • 3: Bioaccumulation of chemical pesticides in the food cycle
  • 4: Pesticides and their mode of action
  • 5: Conclusion
  • References
  • Chapter 3: Fate and assessment of pesticide in aquatic ecosystem
  • Abstract
  • 1: Introduction
  • 2: Sources, forms, and occurrence of pesticides in the ecosystem
  • 3: Environmental fate of pesticides
  • 4: Factors that influence the assessment of aquatic pesticide pollution
  • 5: Future recommendations
  • 6: Conclusion
  • References
  • Chapter 4: Fate and adverse effects of pesticides in the environment
  • Abstract
  • 1: Introduction
  • 2: Mechanisms involved in the determination of the initial fate of a pesticide in the environment
  • 3: Transport of pesticides in the environment
  • 4: Use of pesticides worldwide
  • 5: Impact of pesticide on the soil microbiology
  • 6: Pesticides and the response of plants
  • 7: Pesticides toxicity on nontarget terrestrial organisms
  • 8: Pesticides impact on aquatic ecosystems
  • 9: Perspectives and future research
  • References
  • Chapter 5: Towards understanding the impact of pesticides on freshwater ecosystem
  • Abstract
  • 1: Introduction
  • 2: Routes of aquatic pesticide pollution
  • 3: Impact of pesticide pollution on aquatic ecosystem
  • 4: Impact of pesticides on water quality
  • 5: Impact of pesticides on flora of aquatic ecosystem
  • 6: Impact of pesticides on fauna of aquatic ecosystem
  • 7: Specific impacts of different categories of pesticides on aquatic fauna
  • 8: Response to the risks of use of pesticides
  • 9: Conclusion
  • References
  • Chapter 6: Persistence of pesticides and their impacts on human health and environment
  • Abstract
  • 1: Introduction
  • 2: Classification of pesticide
  • 3: The fate of pesticides in the environment
  • 4: Pesticide affecting human health
  • 5: Conclusion
  • 6: Future prospective
  • References
  • Chapter 7: Health risk
  • Abstract
  • Acknowledgments
  • 1: Introduction
  • 2: Evaluation of the effect of pesticides on genotoxicity, mutagenicity, and carcinogenicity in laboratory conditions
  • 3: Evaluation of pesticide genotoxicity using cytogenetic markers
  • 4: Impacts of pesticide residues on food safety
  • 5: Effects of pesticides on human health
  • 6: Pesticide exposure risk assessment
  • References
  • Chapter 8: Neurodevelopmental and reproductive impacts of pesticides on pregnant women
  • Abstract
  • 1: Introduction
  • 2: Effect on health and reproductive life
  • 3: Neurodevelopmental effects of OP pesticides
  • 4: Concerns at both high and low OP exposures
  • 5: Summary
  • References
  • Chapter 9: Pesticides and human health: The noxious impact on maternal system and fetal development
  • Abstract
  • Acknowledgments
  • 1: Introduction
  • 2: History of pesticides
  • 3: Toxicity of common pesticides
  • 4: Prevention of pesticide exposure
  • 5: Adverse effect on human health and fetal development
  • 6: Conclusion
  • 7: Future prospects
  • References
  • Chapter 10: Сytogenetical bioindication of pesticidal contamination
  • Abstract
  • 1: Introduction
  • 2: Chromosomal disorders
  • 3: Micronuclear analysis
  • 4: Plant test systems
  • 5: Comet-test
  • 6: Problems and prospects of cytogenetic bioindication
  • References
  • Chapter 11: Modulation of soil microbiome and related alterations in response to pesticides
  • Abstract
  • Acknowledgments
  • 1: Introduction
  • 2: Impact of pesticides on soil microbial biome
  • 3: Pesticides and associated alterations on the metabolism of microbes
  • 4: Future area of research
  • 5: Conclusion
  • References
  • Chapter 12: Botanical pesticides as alternatives for more sustainable crops and healthy foods
  • Abstract
  • Acknowledgments
  • 1: Introduction
  • 2: Botanical pesticides in agriculture
  • 3: Challenges in the use of plant-based pesticides
  • 4: Future recommendations
  • 5: Conclusions
  • References
  • Chapter 13: The potential use of essential oils as natural biocides against plant pathogens
  • Abstract
  • 1: Introduction
  • 2: Biological activities of EOs
  • 3: Challenges
  • 4: Future directions
  • 5: Conclusion
  • References
  • Chapter 14: Sustainable and eco-friendly alternatives to reduce the use of pesticides
  • Abstract
  • 1: Introduction
  • 2: Advantages and disadvantages of conventional pesticides
  • 3: Mobility of pesticides in different environments
  • 4: Pesticide degradation and the risk of degradation products
  • 5: Plant growth-promoting bacteria
  • 6: Plant pathogens
  • 7: Pesticide resistance
  • 8: Alternatives to conventional pesticide use
  • 9: A new approach for a dual function: Pesticide degradation coupled with biological control
  • References
  • Chapter 15: Strategies for sustainable and ecofriendly pest management in Agroecosystem
  • Abstract
  • 1: Introduction: The imminent challenge to human health and ecosystem by chemical agriculture
  • 2: Biopesticides—The future of pest control
  • 3: Conclusion
  • References
  • Chapter 16: Pesticides removal from aqueous streams through anaerobic and aerobic biological treatment processes
  • Abstract
  • 1: Introduction
  • 2: Pesticides
  • 3: Biological wastewater treatment
  • 4: Pesticides removal from liquid streams through anaerobic and aerobic biological treatment processes
  • 5: Final considerations
  • References
  • Chapter 17: The potential use of essential oils as natural biocides against plant pathogens
  • Abstract
  • 1: Introduction
  • 2: Pesticide exposure and toxicity consequences
  • 3: Removal of pesticides by MOFs
  • 4: Mechanistic insight into MOFs and target molecules
  • 5: Conclusion, current challenges, and future perspectives
  • References
  • Chapter 18: Removal pesticides by advanced techniques based on nanomaterials
  • Abstract
  • Acknowledgments
  • 1: Introduction
  • 2: Classification of pesticides
  • 3: Environmental concerns of pesticides
  • 4: Photocatalysis
  • 5: Conservative adsorbents used for degradation of pesticides
  • 6: Deprivation methodologies for pesticides
  • 7: Degradation methods for pesticides by nanomaterials
  • 8: Utilization of green synthesized nanomaterials
  • 9: Conclusions and future scope
  • References
  • Further reading
  • Chapter 19: Pesticides removal techniques from the aquatic environment
  • Abstract
  • 1: Introduction
  • 2: Effect of pesticides on human mankind
  • 3: Removal technologies
  • 4: Wastewater treatment system decentralization
  • 5: Pesticide remediation methods based on nanotechnology
  • 6: Conclusions
  • References
  • Chapter 20: Perspective of sustainable and intensified developments in treatment of pesticides from aqueous streams
  • Abstract
  • 1: Introduction
  • 2: Pesticides
  • 3: Sustainability
  • 4: Process intensification
  • 5: Treatment approaches
  • 6: Discussion
  • 7: Conclusion and perspective
  • References
  • Chapter 21: Biomonitoring and biomarkers of pesticide exposure and human health risk assessment
  • Abstract
  • 1: Introduction
  • 2: Biomarkers
  • 3: Functional disorders
  • 4: Data interpretation in biomonitoring studies
  • 5: Significance of biomonitoring studies
  • 6: Future perspectives
  • 7: Conclusion
  • References
  • Index

Product details

  • No. of pages: 616
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Elsevier 2022
  • Published: May 1, 2022
  • Imprint: Elsevier
  • Paperback ISBN: 9780323904896

About the Editors

Pardeep Singh

Dr. Pardeep Singh is presently working as an Assistant professor (Department of Environmental Science, PGDAV College, University of Delhi, New Delhi, India). He obtained his master's degree from the Department of Environmental Science Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi India in 2011. He obtained his doctorate from the Indian Institute of Technology (Banaras Hindu University) Varanasi in the year 2017. The area of his doctoral research is the degradation of organic pollutants through various indigenous isolated microbes and by using various types of photocatalytic. He has published more than 65 papers in the international journals in the fields of waste management.

Affiliations and Expertise

Assistant Professor, Department of Environmental Science, PGDAV College, University of Delhi, New Delhi, India

Suruchi Singh

Dr. Suruchi Singh is presently working as Faculty in the Department of Botany, Sunbeam College for Women, India. She obtained her PhD from Banaras Hindu University, India in Botany with Environmental Science as major field. Dr Singh received her postdoctoral experiences in Department of Botany, Banaras Hindu University under Council of Scientific and Industrial Research and Department of Science and Technology. She has published articles in various international journals and books series (>40 peer reviewed articles). In her research, she has identified processes and activities where environmental efficiencies of selected crop plants must be increased against UV-B and tropospheric Ozone.

Affiliations and Expertise

Assistant Professor, Sunbeam College for Women, Varanasi, India

Mika Sillanpää

Mika Sillanpää is a Professor affiliated to the Department of Biological and Chemical Engineering at Aarhus University, as well as King Saud University, Saudi Arabia. He received his M.Sc. (Eng.) and D.Sc. (Eng.) from Aalto University, Finland. Prof. Sillanpää’s publications have been cited over 44,000 times (Google Scholar), and he has received numerous awards for research and innovation. Among these, he is the first Laureate of the Scientific Committee on the Problems of the Environment (SCOPE)’s Young Investigator Award. From 2017 to 2020, he has been listed as a Highly Cited Researcher by Thomson Reuters. In 2018, he was invited to become a Member of the Finnish Academy of Sciences and Letters and the Academy of Technical Sciences.

Affiliations and Expertise

Professor affiliated to the Department of Biological and Chemical Engineering at Aarhus University, as well as King Saud University, Saudi Arabia

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