Perspectives on Behavioral Medicine - 1st Edition - ISBN: 9780125321020, 9781483259598

Perspectives on Behavioral Medicine

1st Edition

Neuroendocrine Control and Behavior

Editors: Redford B. Williams
eBook ISBN: 9781483259598
Imprint: Academic Press
Published Date: 28th January 1985
Page Count: 250
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Description

Perspectives on Behavioral Medicine, Volume 2: Neuroendocrine Control and Behavior provides a selective overview of important recent developments in the neurosciences related to neuroendocrine control mechanisms which have important implications for major areas of interest in behavioral medicine. The book begins with a general introductory chapter that presents a synthesis of related developments in the biomedicai and behavioral sciences which have played an important role in the emergence of the field of behavioral medicine, with particular emphasis on developments in behavioral biology concerned with neuroendocrine control. The remaining chapters are organized into two parts. Part I provides an introduction to recent developments concerning neuroendocrine control, as well as a consideration of general implications of such developments for the stress field. Part II shows how the integrative efforts of the first section might be applied toward improving our understanding of the role of behavioral and psychosocial factors in several specific illnesses.

Table of Contents


Contributors

Preface

1 Toward a Conjunction of Biomedicai and Behavioral Sciences

The Burden of Illness

Collaboration

The Emergence of Behavioral Biology

Cardiovascular Diseases

Biobehavioral Science and Disease Prevention in Adolescence

Health and Behavior in Aging

Differential Susceptibility to Disease

A Model of Coping Behavior

Broadening the Spectrum of Health Research and Education

References

Part I Basic Mechanisms

2 Changing Concepts of Neuroendocrine Control

Introduction

Hypothalamic Hormones

Control of Hypophysiotropic Hormone Secretion

Chemical Messengers that are both Neurotransmitters and Hormones

Conclusions

References

3 Stress, Corticotropin-Releasing Factor, and Behavior

The Stress Response

Behavioral Effects of ACTH

Direct Neurotropic Actions of Corticotropin-Releasing Factor

Summary

References

4 Brain and Pituitary Cyclic Nucleotide Response to Stress

Introduction

Experiment I: Comparison of Responses to Forced Immobilization versus Cold Exposure

Experiment II: 15-Minute Immobilization

Experiment III: Effect of Locomotor Activity on Brain Regional Cyclic Nucleotides

Experiment IV: The Time Course of Cerebellar Cyclic GMP Response to Locomotor Activity

Discussion

Conclusions

References

5 Neuroendocrine Response Patterns and Stress: Biobehavioral Mechanisms of Disease

Introduction

Physiological Response Patterns and Behavioral Challenge

Pathophysiological Consequences of Neuroendocrine Responses to Stress

Neuroendocrine and Autonomic Responses as Determinants of Behavior

Implications for Treatment

Summary and Conclusions

References

6 Brain Mechanisms in Effects of Social Support on Viability

Effects of Social Relationships

Hypothalamic Mechanism

Amygdaloid Mediation

References

Part II Applied Psychoneuroendocrinology

7 The Biochemical Effects of Tactile Deprivation in Neonatal Rats

References

8 Biochemical Simulation of Anxiety Stress Employing Natural and Synthetic Corticoids: Influences on Neoplastic Processes

Introduction

Materials, Methods, and Assay Procedures

Results

Discussion

Summary

References

9 Behavioral Influences and Beta-Adrenergic Mechanisms: the Kidney and Sodium Retention

Introduction

Survey of Experiments

References

10 Type A Behavior: Mechanisms Linking Behavioral and Pathophysiological Processes

Psychological Stress and Coronary Heart Disease

Type A Behavior and Coronary Heart Disease

Pattern A as a Psychological Construct

Conclusions

References

11 Psychological and Endocrinological Correlates of Chronic Stress at Three Mile Island

Stress

Sources of Stress at Three Mile Island

Field Study of Chronic Stress at Three Mile Island

Evidence of Chronic Stress at Three Mile Island

Hormonal Correlates of Chronic Uncertainty

References

Author Index

Subject Index

Details

No. of pages:
250
Language:
English
Copyright:
© Academic Press 1985
Published:
Imprint:
Academic Press
eBook ISBN:
9781483259598

About the Editor

Redford B. Williams