Permeability Properties of Plastics and Elastomers

Permeability Properties of Plastics and Elastomers

3rd Edition - September 8, 2011

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  • Author: Laurence W. McKeen
  • Hardcover ISBN: 9781437734690
  • eBook ISBN: 9781437734706

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Permeability properties are essential data for the selection of materials and design of products across a broad range of market sectors from food packaging to Automotive applications to Medical Devices. This unique handbook brings together a wealth of permeability data in a form that enables quick like-for-like comparisons between materials. The data is supported by a full explanation of its interpretation, and an introduction to the engineering aspects of permeability in polymers. The third edition includes expanded explanatory text which makes the book accessible to novices as well as experienced engineers, written by industry insider and author Larry McKeen (DuPont), and 20% new data and major new explanatory text sections to aid in the interpretation and application of the data.

Key Features

  • A unique collection of permeability data designed to enable quick like-for-like comparisons between different materials
  • Third edition includes 20% new data and expanded explanatory text, which makes the book accessible to novices as well as experienced engineers
  • Essential reference for materials engineers, design engineers and applications engineers across sectors including packaging, automotive and medical devices


Plastics Engineers, Product Design Engineers, Materials Engineers, Application Engineers in Packaging (films), Automotive, Medical Device, Pharmaceutical, Food, Cosmetics etc. industries. Polymer and Coatings Chemists, users of film packaging products and containers, coatings manufacturers and users, users of polymer membranes and films for other applications (such as solar panels, fuel cells), designers of automotive components that are exposed to fuels, oils, fluids and other liquids

Table of Contents

  • Dedication

    Series Page


    1. Introduction to Permeation of Plastics and Elastomers

    1.1. History

    1.2. Transport of Gases and Vapors through Solid Materials

    1.3. Multiple-Layered Films

    1.4. Permeation of Coatings

    1.5. Permeation and Vapor Transmission Testing

    1.6. Summary

    2. Introduction to Plastics and Polymers

    2.1. Polymerization

    2.2. Copolymers

    2.3. Linear, Branched, and Cross-Linked Polymers

    2.4. Polarity

    2.5. Unsaturation

    2.6. Steric Hindrance

    2.7. Isomers

    2.8. Inter- and Intramolecular Attractions in Polymers

    2.9. General Classifications

    2.10. Plastic Compositions

    2.11. Summary

    3. Production of Films, Containers, and Membranes

    3.1. Extrusion

    3.2. Blown Film

    3.3. Calendering

    3.4. Casting Film Lines

    3.5. Post Film Formation Processing

    3.6. Web Coating

    3.7. Lamination

    3.8. Orientation

    3.9. Membrane Production

    3.10. Molding of Containers

    3.11. Fluorination

    3.12. Coatings

    3.13. Summary

    4. Markets and Applications for Films, Containers, and Membranes

    4.1. Barrier Films in Packaging

    4.2. Containers

    4.3. Automotive Fuel Tanks and Hoses

    4.4. Coatings

    4.5. Gloves

    4.6. Membranes

    5. Styrenic Plastics

    5.1. Acrylonitrile–Butadiene–Styrene Copolymer

    5.2. Acrylonitrile–Styrene–Acrylate

    5.3. Polystyrene

    5.4. Styrene–Acrylonitrile Copolymer

    6. Polyesters

    6.1. Liquid Crystalline Polymers

    6.2. Polybutylene Terephthalate (PBT)

    6.3. Polycarbonate (PC)

    6.4. Polycyclohexylene-dimethylene Terephthalate

    6.5. Polyethylene Naphthalate

    6.6. Polyethylene Terephthalate (PET)

    7. Polyimides

    7.1. Polyamide–Imide

    7.2. Polyetherimide

    7.3. Polyimide

    8. Polyamides (Nylons)

    8.1. Amorphous Polyamide (Nylon)

    8.2. Polyamide 6 (Nylon 6)

    8.3. Polyamide 11 (Nylon 11)

    8.4. Polyamide 12 (Nylon 12)

    8.5. Polyamide 66 (Nylon 66)

    8.6. Polyamide 66/610(Nylon 66/610)

    8.7. Polyamide 6/12 (Nylon 6/12)

    8.8. Polyamide 666 (Nylon 666 or 6/66)

    8.9. Polyamide 6/69 (Nylon 6/6.9)

    8.10. Polyarylamide

    8.11. Polyphthalamide/High Performance Polyamide

    9. Polyolefins, Polyvinyls, and Acrylics

    9.1. Polyethylene

    9.2. Polypropylene

    9.3. Polybutadiene

    9.4. Polymethylpentene

    9.5. Cyclic Olefin Copolymer

    9.6. Ethylene–Vinyl Acetate Copolymer

    9.7. Ethylene–Vinyl Alcohol Copolymer

    9.8. Polyvinyl Butyral

    9.9. Polyvinyl Chloride

    9.10. Polyvinylidene Chloride

    9.11. Polyacrylics

    9.12. Acrylonitrile–Methyl Acrylate Copolymer

    9.13. Ionomers

    Chapter 10. Fluoropolymers

    10.1. Polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE)

    10.2. Fluorinated Ethylene Propylene (FEP)

    10.3. Perfluoroalkoxy (PFA)

    10.4. Hexafluoropropylene, Tetrafluoroethylene, Ethylene Terpolymer (HTE)

    10.5. Tetrafluoroethylene, Hexafluoropropylene, Vinylidene Fluoride Terpolymer (THV™)

    10.6. Amorphous Fluoropolymer (AF)—Teflon AF®

    10.7. Polyvinyl Fluoride (PVF)

    10.8. Polychlorotrifluoroethylene (PCTFE)

    10.9. Polyvinylidene Fluoride (PVDF)

    10.10. Ethylene–Tetrafluoroethylene Copolymer (ETFE)

    10.11. Ethylene–Chlorotrifluoroethylene Copolymer (ECTFE)

    11. High-Temperature and High-Performance Polymers

    11.1. Polyether Ether Ketone

    11.2. Polysiloxane

    11.3. Polyphenylene Sulfide

    11.4. Polysulfone

    11.5. Polyethersulfone

    11.6. Polybenzimidazole

    11.7. Parylene (poly(p-xylylene))

    11.8. Polyoxymethylene (POM or Acetal Homopolymer)/Polyoxymethylene Copolymer (POM-Co or Acetal Copolymer)

    12. Elastomers and Rubbers

    12.1. Thermoplastic Polyurethane Elastomers (TPU)

    12.2. Olefinic TPEs (TPO)

    12.3. Thermoplastic Copolyester Elastomers (TPE-E or COPE)

    12.4. Thermoplastic Polyether Block Polyamide Elastomers (PEBA)

    12.5. Styrenic Block Copolymer (SBC) TPEs

    12.6. Ethylene Acrylic Elastomers (AEM)

    12.7. Bromobutyl Rubber

    12.8. Butyl Rubber

    12.9. Chlorobutyl Rubber (Polychloroprene)

    12.10. Ethylene–Propylene Rubbers (EPM, EPDM)

    12.11. Epichlorohydrin Rubber (CO, ECO)

    12.12. Fluoroelastomers (FKM)

    12.13. Natural Rubber

    12.14. Acrylonitrile–Butadiene Copolymer (NBR)

    12.15. Styrene–Butadiene Rubber (SBR)

    13. Environmentally Friendly Polymers

    13.1. Cellophane™

    13.2. Nitrocellulose

    13.3. Cellulose Acetate

    13.4. Ethyl Cellulose

    13.5. Polycaprolactone

    13.6. Poly(Lactic Acid)

    13.7. Poly-3-Hydroxybutyrate

    14. Multilayered Films

    14.1. Metalized Films

    14.2. Silicon Oxide Coating Technology

    14.3. Co-continuous Lamellar Structures

    14.4. Multilayered Films

    Appendix A. Conversion Factors

    Appendix B. Reference Fuel Compositions

    Appendix C


Product details

  • No. of pages: 354
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © William Andrew 2011
  • Published: September 8, 2011
  • Imprint: William Andrew
  • Hardcover ISBN: 9781437734690
  • eBook ISBN: 9781437734706

About the Author

Laurence W. McKeen

Larry McKeen has a Ph.D. in Chemistry from the University of Wisconsin and worked for DuPont Fluoroproducts from 1978–2014. As a Senior Research Associate (Chemist), he was responsible for new product development including application technology and product optimization for particular end-uses, and product testing. He retired from DuPont at the end of 2014 and is currently a consultant.

Affiliations and Expertise

Senior Research Associate, DuPont, Wilmington, DE, USA

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