Description

'In the past two decades there has been considerable work on global climatic change and its effect on the ecosphere, as well as on local and global environmental changes triggered by human activities. From the tropics to the Arctic, peatlands have developed under various geological conditions, and they provide good records of global and local changes since the Late Pleistocene. The objectives of the book are to analyze topics such as geological evolution of major peatlands basins; peatlands as self sustaining ecosystems; chemical environment of peatlands: water and peat chemistry; peatlands as archives of environmental changes; influence of peatlands on atmosphere: circular complex interactions; remote sensing studies of peatlands; peatlands as a resource; peatlands degradation, restoration, plus more.'

Key Features

* Presents an interdisciplinary approach, with an emphasis on Earth Science, and addresses the need for intergration between subdisciplines and the developing of new approaches * Synthesizes the evolutionary, ecological, and chemical characteristics of major peatlands, as well as focuses on the environmental changes, from climate changes to surface ares changes due to human activities * Covers topical studies of worldwide interest and provides examples from many different countries

Readership

Researchers and graduate and post graduates in biology, earth science, geography, environmental engineering, landuse planning, environmental impact studies, and global change

Table of Contents

Contents Preface List of COntributors List of Reviewers Chapter 1: Peatlands: a concise guide to to volume (I.P. Martini, A. Martinez Cortizas, W. Chesworth). A. Peatland basin analysis: Evolution and structure Chapter 2: Northern peatlands: their characteristics, development and sensitivity to climate change (C. Tarnocai, V. Stolbovoy). Introduction Area and extent Peatland regions Canada Russia Peatland classification Canada Finland Russia Peat materials Peat developments Age of peat deposits Peat accumulation Carbon stocks Sensitivity to climate change Canada Northern Eurasia References Chapter 3. The cold-climate peatlands of the Hudson Bay Lowland, Canada: Brief review of recent work. (I.P. Martini) Introduction Peatland evolution Peat stratigraphy Palynology Organic mineralogy Peat Pb chemistry Peatlands and the carbon cycle Resources References Chapter 4: Mountain mires from Galicia (NW Spain) (X. Pontevedra-Pombal, J.C. Novoa-Munoz, E. Garcia-Rodeja, A. Martinez Cortizas) Introduction Mires development Distribution of biogeographical conditions Typology Chronology Growth and accumulation rates Composition and properties Classification Galicia mires: geochemical archives of environmental changes Conclusions References Chapter 5: Geomorphological emplacement and vegetation characteristics of Fuegian peatlands, southernmost Argentina, South America

Details

No. of pages:
606
Language:
English
Copyright:
© 2007
Published:
Imprint:
Elsevier Science
Electronic ISBN:
9780080468051
Print ISBN:
9780444528834
Print ISBN:
9780444547323

About the editors