Past and Present in DeNOx Catalysis: From Molecular Modelling to Chemical Engineering

Past and Present in DeNOx Catalysis: From Molecular Modelling to Chemical Engineering

1st Edition - October 19, 2007

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  • Editors: Pascal Granger, Vasile Pârvulescu
  • eBook ISBN: 9780080554051

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Description

This book offers an overview of the state of the art in the field of DeNOx catalysis in order to focus novel orientations, new technological developments, from laboratory to industrial scale. A particular attention has been paid towards the implementation of catalytic processes for minimising NOx emissions either from stationary or mobile sources under lean condition to meet future standard regulations of NOx emissions. In the first part of this book, critical aspects reported in the literature which usually make difficult the achievement of efficient catalytic technologies in those conditions are summarised and analysed in order two separate new perspectives. The second part deals with fundamental aspects at molecular level. A better understanding of the reactions involved under unsteady-state conditions is probably a pre-requisite step for improving the performances of the actual processes or developing original ones. The development of powerful in situ spectroscopic techniques is of fundamental interest for kinetic modelling. Correlations between spectroscopic and kinetic data with those obtained from theoretical calculations are reported. Some illustrations emphasise the fact that these comparisons may help in determining the nature of the catalytic active sites and building predictive tools for simulations under running conditions. The latter part of this book will be illustrated by different practical approaches covering various aspects related to the catalysts preparation and the development of alternative technologies which include industrial considerations.

Key Features

- New technological developments for investigating catalytic reactions in transient conditions (in situ and operando spectroscopic techniques)
- Concerted approaches in DeNOx catalysis
- How academic aspects (kinetic, in situ spectroscopic measurements) can provide useful information for practical applications
- Comparison of different approaches provided by academic and industrial partners

Readership

Academic researchers and manufacturers.

Table of Contents

  • Introduction

    PART 1. A molecular view of reactions involved over DeNOx catalysts – Mechanisms and kinetics

    DFT modeling and spectroscopic investigations into molecular aspects of deNOx Catalysis (P. Pietrzyk and Z. Sojka)

    Surface science studies of the mechanisms of NOx conversion : Correlations between kinetics in vacuum and under catalytic conditions (F. Zaera)

    General features of In situ and operando spectroscopic investigation in the particular case of DeNOx reactions (P. Bazin, O. Marie and M. Daturi)

    A three-function model reaction for designing DeNOx catalysts (G. Dgega-Mariadassou, M. Berger, O. Gorce, J.W. Park, H. Pernot, C. Potvin, C. Thomas and P. Da Costa)

    Identification of the reaction network of the NOx storage/reduction in Lean NOx Trap systems (P. Forzatti, L. Castoldi, L. Lietti, I. Nova and E. Tronconi)

    PART 2. Novel developments and future trends to ensure continuous restrictive standard regulations

    Current tasks and challenges for exhaust after treatment research – An industrial viewpoint point (J.-M. Trichard)

    The Role of Cerium-based Oxides used as Oxygen Storage Materials in DeNOx Catalysis (X. Courtois, N. Bion, P. Marecot and D. Duprez)

    Aspects of catalyst development for mobile urea-SCR systems – from vanadia-titania systems to metal exchanged zeolites (O. Kröcher)

    The formation of N2O during NOx conversion : Fundamental approach and practical developments of catalytic systems (P. Granger, J.P. Dacquin, F. Dhainaut and C. Dujardin)

    Design of experiments combined with high-throughput experimentation for the optimization of deNOx catalysts (R. Vijay and J. Lauterbach)

    Plasma-assisted NOx abatement processes: A new promising technology for lean conditions? (M. Mãgureanu and V.I. Pârvulescu)

Product details

  • No. of pages: 418
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Elsevier Science 2007
  • Published: October 19, 2007
  • Imprint: Elsevier Science
  • eBook ISBN: 9780080554051

About the Editors

Pascal Granger

Affiliations and Expertise

Universite de Lille, Laboratoire de Catalyse de Lille, France

Vasile Pârvulescu

Affiliations and Expertise

University of Bucharest, Department of Chemical Technology and Catalysis, Romania

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