Passivity of Metals and Semiconductors - 1st Edition - ISBN: 9780444422521, 9781483102627

Passivity of Metals and Semiconductors

1st Edition

Proceedings of the Fifth International Symposium on Passivity, Bombannes, France, May 30-June 3, 1983, Organized by the Société de Chimie Physique

Editors: Michel Froment
eBook ISBN: 9781483102627
Imprint: Elsevier
Published Date: 1st January 1983
Page Count: 784
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Description

Passivity of Metals and Semiconductors covers the proceedings of the Fifth International Symposium on Passivity, held in Bombannes, France on May30 - June3, 1983. The said symposium is concerned with passivity of metallic materials, localized corrosion, experimental techniques, and classical techniques such as optical techniques and electron spectroscopy. The book is divided into five sections. Section I deals with the concepts involved in the composition-transport phenomena and covers topics such as the transport of oxygen and water in oxide layers; the kinetics of oxidation of silicon; and the oxidation rate laws of metals that form nonstoichiometric oxides. Section II covers related techniques and their specific applications such as study of passivity of iron by in situ methods; optical methods in the study of passive films; and the analysis of multiple layer surface films by modulated reflection spectroscopy. Section III tackles amorphous metals - their passivity, their depassivation and repassivation in localized corrosion, and a comparison of models for localized breakdown of passivity. Part IV discusses the photoelectrochemistry of semiconductors; Part V tackles passivation and localized corrosion of stainless steels. The text is recommended for organic chemists, metallurgists, and engineers who would like to know more about the passivity of metals and their applications in different fields.

Table of Contents


Xi

Contents

Acknowledgements

Sponsorship

Scientific Committee

Foreword

Section I: Concepts - Composition- Transport Phenomena

Transport of Oxygen and Water in Oxide Layers

An Overview of the Kinetics of Oxidation of Silicon: The Very Thin Si02 Film Growth Regime

Transfer Reactions in Oxides and Passive Layers

Electronic Properties of Modified Passive Films

On the Oxidation Rate Laws of Metals That Form Nonstoichiometric Oxides

An Impedance Approach of the Passive Film on Iron in Acidic Media

Electrochemical Kinetics of Iron and Iron Hydroxide in Aqueous Electrolytes

Iron Passivation in Borate Solutions

The Role of Inhibitor PAB at NiOOH-Layers

Optical and Impedance Studies of Nickel Passivation Film in Neutral Solution

Electroreflectance For The Study of the Passivity of Iron

Electrochemical and Ellipsometric Investigation of Passive Films Formed On Iron in Borate Solution

An Ellipsometric Study of The Passivity of Iron in Neutral Borate Electrolyte

Raman Studies of Passive Films On Iron

Raman Spectroscopy of Oxide Layers On Pure Iron in Electrochemical Environment

Application of Angle Resolved XPS and AES Depth Profiling to the Study of Transpassive Films On Nickel

Passivation of Nickel-Iron Alloys. Influence of Sulphur

Anodic Oxidation of U02. Part III. Electrochemical Studies In Carbonate Solutions

EXAFS As A Probe of the Passive Film Structure

Ex-Situ and In-Situ Sample-And-Detector Chambers For the Study Of Passive Films Using Surface EXAFS

Round Table Discussion (Concepts - Composition- Transport Phenomena)

Section II: Techniques

Study of Passivity of Iron By In-Situ Methods: Mossbauer and EXAFS

Structural Studies of Passive Films Using Surface EXAFS

Structure Simulation of Surface Films On Iron and Iron-Based Alloy By Radial Distribution Function (R.D.F.) Method

The Structure of Passive Films On Single-Phase Nickel-Molybdenum Alloys

Study of Passive Layers On Stainless Steels Using Low Energy Electron Induced X-Ray Spectroscopy (Leeixs)

Optical Methods in the Study of Passive Films

Reflectometry of Iron Passivation Films in Neutral Borate and Acidic Phosphate Solutions

Combined Ellipsometric and AC Impedance Measurements of Oxide Films On Ruthenium

Analysis of Multiple Layer Surface Films By Modulated Reflection Spectroscopy

A Statistical Approach to the Study of Localized Corrosion

Electrochemical Noise Measurements For the Study of Localized Corrosion and Passivity Breakdown

Section III: Amorphous Metals - Breakdown and Repassivation

Passivation of Amorphous Metals

Supplement to Passivation of Amorphous Metals

Depassivation and Repassivation in Localized Corrosion

Dissolution and Passivation Kinetics of FeCrNi Alloys During Localized Corrosion

Influence of Electrode Pretreatment On the Pitting Susceptibility of Ni

A Kinetic Theory of Pit Initiation and Repassivation and Its Relevance to The Pitting Corrosion of Passive Metals

A Comparison of Models For Localized Breakdown of Passivity

Stochastic Aspects of Mechanical and Chemical Breakdown of Passivity

Pitting of Zircaloy 4: Statistical Analysis of Induction Times

An Electrochemical Study of Amorphous Ion Implanted Stainless Steels

Electrochemical Properties and Passivation of Amorphous Fe80P20 Alloy

Effect of Chromium On the Passivation of Amorphous Alloy FeNi-BPxCr. Effect of A Heat Treatment

The Effect of Phosphorus On the Corrosion Resistance of Amorphous CopperZirconium Alloys

Passivation of Iron, Nickel and Cobalt in Concentrated Nitric Acid Solutions

Nickel Passivation-Depassivation in Sulphuric Acid: Influence On The Grain Size

The Passivation-Depassivation Behaviour of Gold in a HC1Glycerol Solution and its Application on Electropolishing

Crevice Corrosion Test For Stainless Steels in Chloride Solutions

Initiation and Inhibition of Pitting Corrosion On Nickel

Intial Stages of Film Breakdown On Passive Austenitic Stainless Steel in 3% Sodium Chloride

Repassivation Potential of Corrosion Pits in Stainless Steel

Study of the Passive Behaviour of A 304L Stainless Steel in 1 N H2s04 by A Method of Corrosion Under Friction

Breakdown of Passivity of Iron and Nickel By Fluoride

Electrochemical Behaviour of Mild Steel in Sulphide and Chloride Containing Solutions

The Role of Molybdenum in the inhibition of Passivity Breakdown in Neutral Chloride Solutions Up to 250?C

On The Influence of Both Passive Film Composition and of Nonmetallic Inclusions On The Initiation of Localized Corrosion of Stainless Steel

The Effects of Alloying on the Resistance of Ferritic Stainless Steels to Localized Corrosion On Cl- Solutions

Effect of Al on the Electrochemical Behaviour of Ternary Brasses

Round Table Discussion (Amorphous Metals -Breakdown and Repassivation)

Section IV: Semiconductors - Photoelectrochemistry

Mechanisms of Passivation and Protection of Semiconductors in Solar Cells

Plasma Oxidation of Semiconductor and Metal Surfaces

Thermal Oxidation of Niobium Nitride Films

Comparative Study By XPS and LEED of Nitridation Processes on Silicon (111)

Structure and Growth Kinetics of Si02 Ultra Thin Films on Si(111) Surface

Oxygen Transport Studied by 180 Labelling in Thin Thermal Silicon Oxide Films in Connection with Their Structural Characteristics

Growth of Thin Oxide Layers on Suicide Compounds

Properties of the Passive Film on Iron Electrodes By Capacity and Photocurrent Measurements

Coupled Ellipsometric and Capacitance Measurements During Growth of Anodic Oxide Onto Gaas

Study by Spectrophotoelectrochemistry (Spec) of The Passivity of Iron in Neutral Solutions

Influence of the Anodization Conditions on the Electronic Properties and Crystallographic Structures of The Corrosion Layers On Tungsten. A Photoelectrochemical Approach

Influence of Ion Implantation on the Electrochemical Behayiour of Passive Titanium and Hafnium Electrodes

Photoelectrochemical Approach to Passivity

Passivation and Selective Etching of IIIV N-Type Semiconductors Under Potential and pH Control in H202 Media

Round Table Discussion (Semiconductors Photoelectrochemistry)

Section V: Stainless Steels - Valve Metals

Passivation and Localized Corrosion of Stainless Steels

Effect of Chemical Heterogeneity within the Metal Phase on the Stability of The Passivating Film On Iron Alloys

The Role of Water in the Kinetics of Stainless Steel Dissolution and Passivation in Organic Media

Quantitative ESCA Analysis of the Passive State of An FeCr Alloy and An Fe-Cr-Mo Alloy

Mechanisms Controlling Passive Film Composition of Fe-Cr-Ni Steels in Elevated Temperature Solutions

Characterizations of Passive Films Formed On Stainless Steel in High Temperature Water

Structure and Stability of the Anodically Formed Films On Stainless Steel in Sulfuric Acid

Passivity and Breakdown of Passivity of Directed Energy Sources Modified Stainless Steel

On The Mechanism For Improved Passiviation By Additions of Tungsten to Austenitic Stainless Steel

Passivation of Steel in A Borate Buffer Containing Organic Compounds As A Means For Improving Corrosion Resistance

Critical Conditions in the Passivation of Cu-Mo Austenitic Stainless Alloys in Hot 20% H2s04 Acid

A Study of The Film On Austenitic Stainless Steel At the Passivetranspassive Transition

Etude Du Mecanisme De Passivite D'aciers 1713 A Teneur Variable En Molybdene Dans Des Solutions D'acide Phosphorique 30% En P205

Corrosion Potential Oscillations of Stainless Steels in Aqueous Chloride Solutions

Atmospheric Corrosion of Stainless Steels

Electrochemical Prevention of Localized Corrosion of Stainless Steels

Anodic Behaviour of Fe-31% Ni Alloy in the Multi Steady States Region Corresponding to The Transition Between Active and Passive States, in Normal Sulphuric Acid

Pit Growth Measurements On Stainless Steels

Rotating Ring-Disc Electrode Studies of the Passivation of Low Alloy Steels

Depassivation and Repassivation of Austenitic Stainless Steels

Hydrogen Permeation Through Passive Layers On Austenitic High Temperature Alloys

Impedance Technique to Study Passivity of Steel

The Effect of Chromium, Nickel and Molybdenum On Passivity of Iron

Alloys in Organic Solutions of Sulphuric Acid

Electrochemical Measurements On Low-Index Planes of A Fe14.5cr14.5ni2.5mo Single Crystal

Corrosion Atmospherique D'un Acier Pattinable Soude

Composition, Structure and Properties of Passivation Layers On Tinplate

Passivation of Tin Using Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates

Galvanostatic Formation and Reduction of Tin/Tin Oxides in Na2S04

Comportement Potentiodynamique D'une Electrode D'iridium Activee Dans L'acrylamide Et H2S04

Repassivation of Titanium and Titanium Alloys Dependent on Potential And pH

Crystalline Aluminum Oxide Films

Auger Electron Spectrometry of Porous Layers of Anodized Aluminium

Etching and Passivation of Aluminum Under Alternating Current. Influence of Temperature

Round Table Discussion (Stainless Steels - Valve Metals)

Subject Index


Details

No. of pages:
784
Language:
English
Copyright:
© Elsevier 1983
Published:
Imprint:
Elsevier
eBook ISBN:
9781483102627

About the Editor

Michel Froment