Passive and Low Energy Architecture - 1st Edition - ISBN: 9780080305813, 9781483156040

Passive and Low Energy Architecture

1st Edition

Proceedings of the Second International PLEA Conference, Crete, Greece, 28 June-1 July 1983

Editors: Simos Yannas Arthur Bowen
eBook ISBN: 9781483156040
Imprint: Pergamon
Published Date: 1st January 1983
Page Count: 872
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Description

Passive and Low Energy Architecture contains the proceedings of the Second International PLEA Conference held in Crete, Greece, on June 28 to July 1, 1983. The book is organized into four parts as the topics of the conference. The first part brings together papers dealing with case studies of individual buildings or groups of buildings, completed or to be built, and of community planning. The case studies cover examples from 13 countries in Europe, North and Latin America, North Africa, the Middle East, and Asia. The second part contains papers on experimental work and technical developments with passive and low energy systems and components. The third section focuses on the ill-defined but crucial to designers, area of design aids. The fourth section centers on implementation and management of these energy systems, including topics of international programs, education, and training of design professionals. The book will be useful to energy conscious designers, architects, engineers, and planners in this field of interest.

Table of Contents


Preface

Introduction

Part I. Case Studies

Chapter 1. New Buildings

Bioclimatic architecture under Mediterranean climate

Passive and low energy design

Towards a better understanding of climate respecting design

Three solar buildings: passive and low energy architecture in southern France

44 bioclimatic flats at Rignano Sull' Arno in Tuscany

Performance evaluation of a "cocooned" office building in a cold climate integrating passive solar techniques with modern technology

Passive and low energy residential/office building for use as a solar demonstration facility at Arizona State University

Three solar air heated houses at Peterborough with sunspaces

Solar house for hot and humid climate

Photovoltaic equipped parking and shade structure: King Abdulaziz international airport, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia

Lykovryssi - a solar village near Athens

A passively heated, cooled and lit nursery school

Solar energy: a need for a new mentality

A Mediterranean latent heat solar house in "Le Tignet"

Innovative low energy cooling at the Haj terminal

The conceptual process of passive solar design

A passive solar residence in Portugal

Hungarian experimental passive solar house

Design of a low energy house near Chania, Crete

A bioclimatic multi-storey building in Sicily

Residence using passive solar systems at Drapanias, Crete

Chapter 2. Rehabilitation and Retrofit

Building rehabilitation with retrofit of passive and low energy systems

Passive solar heating for a high altitude multiroom dormitory

Saving energy in rebuilding after the earthquake

Passive solar retrofits in Athens

Passive solar heated house in Arkadia

Chapter 3. Vernacular Architecture

Environmental characteristics of the vernacular underground dwelling

The earth-sheltered dwellings in Santorini, Greece

Review of climatic design concepts and details in traditional architecture in various climatic zones - Saudi Arabia

"El Rawashin" of Jeddah, Saudi Arabia

A comparative evaluation of the traditional towns of Riyadh and Jeddah in Saudi Arabia

Energy responses to vernacular shelter and settlement in continental Morocco, North Africa

The ecology of the vernacular housing in Turkey

An energy conserving Islamic town in Saudi Arabia

Chapter 4. Planning and Urban Design

Conventional practice with some guidelines for energy optimization through planning and urban design for arid regions

Some bioclimatic issues in the design of ocean front communities: the example of "old" Miami Beach, Florida, USA

Tlalpuente: planning for energy efficient communities in Mexico

Marin solar village

Friendly homes: a sustainable community

Part II. Research and Development

Chapter 5. Systems and Components

Review of passive heating and cooling research

Thermal performance analysis for eleven California passive solar and energy conserving houses

Rock bed design and construction for heating and cooling

Production and storage of ice for cooling

Heavy materials and passive solar design

Selection and sizing of low energy cooling systems for more humid climates

Window sunspace systems as heating and cooling components

Latent heat Venetian blind

Experimentation and development of a mobile insulation system for passive solar architecture

Gold heat reflective glass: capital savings and energy savings for modern office buildings

Experimental determination of empirical flow coefficients for air infiltration through pitched roofs

Thermal investigation of shaded roofs in hot arid climates

Components for passive heating and cooling in Greece

Cost effective applications of Foamglas ® in passive solar retrofits

Performances and computer simulation of an hybrid water collector system pushed on by solar pump

Solar motor for developing countries

Part III. Design Aids

Chapter 6. Guidelines for Design

Where the sun is: a brief review of solar geometry for architectural designers

Modifying the sun and wind to create favorable microclimates

Ventilation and landscaping: design implications for hot humid climates

Low energy alternatives for site planning through the use of trees in a hot arid climate

Optimization of landscape patterns for reflected radiation and the design of building facades/envelope

Design guidelines on lateral airflow through and around buildings

Glass and its role in solar heating and cooling

Heat storage and distribution inside passive solar buildings

A thermal model for prediction and control of air temperature in a direct gain room

Using the Barra-Constantini system for multistorey residential building retrofitting

Solar control and shading devices for buildings in Greece: Bioclimatic shading analysis

Optimising the design of natural-circulation solar-energy water heaters

Chapter 7. Modeling and Simulation

Comparison of passive solar design methods

A computer code for determining the effect of shadows on the availability of solar radiation on facades of buildings

A simple computer aided design method for row houses energy-optimization

Simulating passive solar performance using industrial dynamics models

Experimental validation of a finite differences trombe wall model

Comparison of computer simulations and billing data energy use in sixty-three passive solar homes in California

Simulation of a combined solar heating and cooling system for a middle size building in Greece

Summer performance analysis of typical settlements in the Etna area

Computer analysis of building-ventilation and heating problems

Computer model of an hot water stratified storage with heat exchanger

Modeling and simulation of active solar heating systems using daily hours of bright sunshine

Numerical modeling of helio-geothermal energy utilisation for house heating

Part IV. Management

Chapter 8. Issues and Prospects

The Commission of the European Communities passive solar programs

Consumer energy conservation policies and programs in Greece

Passive solar residences: prototype evaluation and implications for consumers and community planners

Passive cooling techniques for the architect in Baroda, India

Passive solar design principles in mass housing in Australia

Demonstration of energy efficient houses as integrated systems

Continuing education for architects and engineers on the subject of energy conservation and renewable energy use

A passive solar design exercise

Architectural means for energy conservation in recent Dutch housing projects

BTPI - a building thermal performance index

Analyzing energy patterns in solar greenhouse-residences

Indoor climate problems in Polish apartment blocks

Windfarming: large scale generation of electricity

Centralized building control systems for energy management

Building energy efficiency and the fire problem

SYSBLD 2: A computer based designing system for multifamily housing

Energy control in building design: An applicative graphic method

Passive solar systems versus architecture

Author Index

Subject Index




Details

No. of pages:
872
Language:
English
Copyright:
© Pergamon 1983
Published:
Imprint:
Pergamon
eBook ISBN:
9781483156040

About the Editor

Simos Yannas

Arthur Bowen