Parasitoid Viruses

Parasitoid Viruses

Symbionts and Pathogens

1st Edition - September 14, 2011

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  • Editors: Nancy Beckage, Jean-Michel Drezen
  • eBook ISBN: 9780123848598
  • Hardcover ISBN: 9780123848581

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Description

Parasitoids are parasitic insects that kill their insect hosts in immature pre-reproductive stages. Parasitoids are employed in biological control programs worldwide to kill insect pests and are environmentally safe and benign alternatives to chemical pesticides. As resistance to chemical pesticides continues to escalate in many pest populations, attention is now refocusing on biologically-based strategies to control pest species in agriculture and forestry as well as insect vector populations that transmit human and animal diseases. Parasitoids are an economically critical element in this equation and ‘integrated pest management.’ Viruses have evolved intimate associations with parasitoids, and this book features sections on both symbiotic viruses that are integrated into the wasp’s chromosomal DNA (polydnaviruses) that play critical roles in suppressing host immunity during parasitism. A separate section with additional chapters on viral pathogens that infect parasitoids to cause disease and act as detrimental agents that limit effectiveness of wasp species employed in biological control of pests is also featured. A third component is a section on parasitoid venoms, which are of interest to the pharmaceutical and medical communities as well as insect-oriented biologists.

Key Features

  • Sections focus on both virus evolution and genomics as well as proteomics and functional roles of polydnavirus-encoded gene products
  • International researchers and emerging leaders in their fields provide readers with syntheses of the latest research
  • Includes content on both symbiotic viruses and pathogenic viruses, plus new research on parasitoid venoms
  • Cutting-edge section on future directions in the field covers the impacts of polydnavirus research on medicine, human health, bioengineering and the economy, increasing the value for researchers and practitioners who need to stay on top of the research in this swiftly moving field

Readership

Insect microbiologists, virologists, molecular biologists and geneticists; entomologists, pest management specialists, vector biologists, and biological control researchers and practitioners; the biotechnological, industrial, and medical communities; academic faculty and graduate/upper undergraduate students studying in these areas; research directors and laboratory scientists in basic and applied sciences.

Table of Contents

  • Parasitoid Virus Symbionts and Venoms

    Jean-Michel and Nancy Beckage, editors

    The Discovery of the Polydnaviruses and the Influence of Dr. George Salt

    S. Bradleigh Vinson

    SECTION 1: PARASITOID POLYDNAVIRUSES: EVOLUTION, GENOMICS, AND SYSTEMATICS

    PART I: INSIGHTS INTO POLYDNAVIRUS EVOLUTION AND GENOMICS

    1. The Origins and Early History of Polydnavirus Research

    Peter J. Krell and Don B. Stoltz

    2. Evolutionary Progenitors of Bracoviruses

    Jean-Michel Drezen, Elisabeth Herniou, and Annie Bézier

    3. The Organization of Genes Encoding Ichnovirus Structural Proteins

    Anne-Nathalie Volkoff, Jean-Michel Drezen, Michel Cusson and Bruce A. Webb

    4. Genomics and Replication of Polydnaviruses

    Catherine Dupuy, Dawn Gundersen-Rindal, and Michel Cusson

    5. Evolution and origin of polydnavirus virulence genes

    Elisabeth Huguet, Céline Serbielle and Sébastien JM Moreau

    6. Genomics of banchine ichnoviruses: insights into their relationship to bracoviruses and campoplegine ichnoviruses

    Michel Cusson, Don Stoltz, Renée Lapointe, Catherine Béliveau, Audrey Nisole, A.-Nathalie Volkoff, Jean-Michel Drezen, Halim Maaroufi, Roger C. Levesque

    7. Molecular Systematics of Wasp and Polydnavirus Genomes and their Co-evolution

    James Whitfield and Jaqueline M. O’Connor

    8. Integration of Polydnavirus DNA into Host Cellular Genomic DNA

    Dawn Gundersen-Rindal

    9. Unusual Viral Genomes: Mimivirus and the Polydnaviruses

    Christopher A. Desjardins

    10. Maintenance of Specialized Parasitoid Populations by Polydnaviruses

    Antoine Branca, Catherine Gitau, and Stéphane Dupas

    PART II: THE BIOLOGICAL ROLES OF POLYDNAVIRUS GENE PRODUCTS

    11. Polydnavirus Gene Expression Profiling: What We Know Now

    Michael R. Strand

    12. Polydnavirus Gene Products That Interact with the Host Immune System

    Michael R. Strand

    13. Polydnaviruses as Endocrine Regulators

    Nancy Beckage

    14. The Orchestrated Manipulation of the Host by Chelonus inanitus and its Polydnavirus

    Beatrice Lanzrein, Rita Pfister-Wilhelm, Martha Kaeslin, Gabriela Wespi and Thomas Roth

    SECTION 2: UNIQUE ATTRIBUTES OF VIRUSES AND VIRUS-LIKE PARTICLES ASSOCIATED WITH PARASITOIDS

    15. Diversity of Virus-Like Particles in Parasitoids' Venom : Viral or Cellular Origin ?

    Jean-luc Gatti, Antonin Schmitz, Dominique Colinet, Marylène Poirié

    16. RNA viruses in parasitoid wasps

    Sylvaine Renault

    17. An Inherited Virus Manipulating the Behaviour of Its Parasitoid Host: Epidemiology and Evolutionary Consequences

    Julien Varaldi, Julien Martinez, Sabine Patot, David Lepetit, Frédéric Fleury, and Sylvain Gandon

    SECTION 3: VENOMS OF PARASITOIDS

    18. Venoms from Endoparasitoids

    Sassan Asgari

    19. Proteomics of the Venom of the Parasitoid Nasonia vitripennis

    Ellen M. Formesyn, Ellen L. Danneels and Dirk C. de Graaf

    20. Aphid Parasitoid Venom and Its Role in Host Regulation

    Francesco Pennacchio and Donato Mancini

     

    21. When Parasitoids Lack Polydnaviruses, Can Venoms Subdue the Hosts ? The Study Case of Asobara Species

    Geneviève Prevost, Patrice Eslin, Anas Cherqui, Sébastien Moreau, Géraldine Doury

    SECTION 4: FUTURISTIC VISIONS

    22. Applications of Parasitoid Virus and Venom Research in Agriculture

    Francesco Pennacchio, Barbara Giordana, Rosa Rao

    EPILOGUE: The Legacy of George Salt, Pioneer in Parasitoid Virology, and Prospects for the Future of Parasitoid Polydnavirus and Venom Research. (Jean-Michel Drezen and Nancy Beckage )

Product details

  • No. of pages: 312
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Academic Press 2011
  • Published: September 14, 2011
  • Imprint: Academic Press
  • eBook ISBN: 9780123848598
  • Hardcover ISBN: 9780123848581

About the Editors

Nancy Beckage

Affiliations and Expertise

University of California, Department of Entomology, Riverside, USA

Jean-Michel Drezen

Affiliations and Expertise

Directeur de Recherche CNRS, Institut de Recherche sur la Biologie de l'Insecte

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