Paradigms Lost

1st Edition

Learning from Environmental Mistakes, Mishaps and Misdeeds

Authors: Daniel Vallero
Hardcover ISBN: 9780750678889
eBook ISBN: 9780080457963
Imprint: Butterworth-Heinemann
Published Date: 9th November 2005
Page Count: 600
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Description

Engineers and scientists have made great progress in advancing the understanding of the principles underlying environmental quality and public health. However, all too often, society and the scientific community do not realize the connections between environmental occurrences. In their haste to remedy a situation, they overlook lessons that could be learned to prevent future disasters. Paying attention to the past instructs us about the future.

Paradigms Lost combines the historical case perspective with credible and sound scientific explanations of key environmental disasters and problems. The author sorts through natural disasters and human mistakes from Love Canal, New York to Bhopal, India to provide larger lessons that can be applied by scientists, engineers and public safety officials. The analysis of these events includes viable alternatives for future generations.

Key Features

  • Includes alternative approaches to environmental issues from preventative measures to contingency plans

  • Richly annotated with sidebars, discussion boxes and generous examples from Exxon Valdez and Love Canal to Agent Orange and Bhopal

  • A usable tool for all professionals from lawyers to chemical engineers

Readership

Environmental Engineers, Civil Engineers, Chemical Engineers, Chemists, Plant Managers, Public Safety Administrators, Lawyers, Surveyors, Petroleum Engineers, Waste Managers, Military Personnel, Federal, State, and Local Environmental, Emergency Response, and Public Health Agencies

Table of Contents

Part I: New Science and New Paradigms Lessons Learned: A Case Approach to Environmental Problems Pollution Revisited Part II: Key Environmental Events in Media Something in the Air Watershed Events Landmark Cases By Way of Introduction Environmental Swords and Damocles Part III: Other Paradigms Dropping Acid and Heavy Metal Reactions Spaceship Earth Myths and Ideology: Perception versus Reality Just Environmental Decisions, Please Part IV: What is Next? Bottom Lines and Top of the Head Guesses Appendix 1: Equilibrium Appendix 2: Government Reorganizations Creating the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency and the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration Appendix 3: Reliability in Environmental Decision Making Appendix 4: Principles of Environmental Persistence Appendix 5: Cancer Slope Factors Appendix 6: Equations for Calculating Lifetime Average Daily Exposure (LADD) for Various Routs of Exposure Appendix 7: Characterizing Environmental Risk Appendix 8: Risk-Based Contaminant Cleanup Example Appendix 9: Shannon Weiner Index Example Appendix 10: Useful Conversions in Atmospheric Chemistry INDEX

Details

No. of pages:
600
Language:
English
Copyright:
© Butterworth-Heinemann 2005
Published:
Imprint:
Butterworth-Heinemann
eBook ISBN:
9780080457963
Hardcover ISBN:
9780750678889

About the Author

Daniel Vallero

Dr. Daniel A. Vallero is an internationally recognized expert in environmental science and engineering. His four decades of research, teaching and professional experience in hazardous waste engineering and management have addressed a wide range of human health risk and ecological issues, from global climate change to the release of hazardous wastes. His research has advanced the state-of-the-science of air and water pollution measurement, models of potential exposures to chemicals in consumer products, and environmental impact assessments. He established the Engineering Ethics program and is a key collaborator in the Responsible Conduct of Research Program at Duke University. These programs introduce students, from first-year through PhD, to the complex relationships between science, technology and societal demands on the engineer. The lessons learned from the cases in this book are a fundamental part of Duke’s preparation of its future engineers to address the ethical dilemmas likely to be encountered during the careers of the next generation engineers. Dr. Vallero received a bachelor’s degree from Southern Illinois University, a Master of Science in City & Regional Planning from SIU, a Masters in Civil & Environmental Engineering (Environmental Health Sciences) from the University of Kansas, and a PhD in Civil & Environmental Engineering from Duke.

Affiliations and Expertise

Pratt School of Engineering, Duke University, Durham, NC, USA

Reviews

“Vallero’s engaging, accessible prose mostly avoids the stiffness that often pervades books of this type, making it easier to digest the technical context and analysis.” — Civil Engineering, March 2006