Paradigms Lost

Paradigms Lost

Learning from Environmental Mistakes, Mishaps and Misdeeds

1st Edition - November 9, 2005

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  • Author: Daniel Vallero
  • eBook ISBN: 9780080457963

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Engineers and scientists have made great progress in advancing the understanding of the principles underlying environmental quality and public health. However, all too often, society and the scientific community do not realize the connections between environmental occurrences. In their haste to remedy a situation, they overlook lessons that could be learned to prevent future disasters. Paying attention to the past instructs us about the future. Paradigms Lost combines the historical case perspective with credible and sound scientific explanations of key environmental disasters and problems. The author sorts through natural disasters and human mistakes from Love Canal, New York to Bhopal, India to provide larger lessons that can be applied by scientists, engineers and public safety officials. The analysis of these events includes viable alternatives for future generations.

Key Features

* Includes alternative approaches to environmental issues from preventative measures to contingency plans

* Richly annotated with sidebars, discussion boxes and generous examples from Exxon Valdez and Love Canal to Agent Orange and Bhopal

* A usable tool for all professionals from lawyers to chemical engineers


Environmental Engineers, Civil Engineers, Chemical Engineers, Chemists, Plant Managers, Public Safety Administrators, Lawyers, Surveyors, Petroleum Engineers, Waste Managers, Military Personnel,
Federal, State, and Local Environmental,
Emergency Response, and Public Health Agencies

Table of Contents

  • Part I: New Science and New Paradigms
    Lessons Learned: A Case Approach to Environmental Problems
    Pollution Revisited

    Part II: Key Environmental Events in Media
    Something in the Air
    Watershed Events
    Landmark Cases
    By Way of Introduction
    Environmental Swords and Damocles

    Part III: Other Paradigms
    Dropping Acid and Heavy Metal Reactions
    Spaceship Earth
    Myths and Ideology: Perception versus Reality
    Just Environmental Decisions, Please

    Part IV: What is Next?
    Bottom Lines and Top of the Head Guesses

    Appendix 1: Equilibrium
    Appendix 2: Government Reorganizations Creating the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency and the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration
    Appendix 3: Reliability in Environmental Decision Making
    Appendix 4: Principles of Environmental Persistence
    Appendix 5: Cancer Slope Factors
    Appendix 6: Equations for Calculating Lifetime Average Daily Exposure (LADD) for Various Routs of Exposure
    Appendix 7: Characterizing Environmental Risk
    Appendix 8: Risk-Based Contaminant Cleanup Example
    Appendix 9: Shannon Weiner Index Example
    Appendix 10: Useful Conversions in Atmospheric Chemistry

Product details

  • No. of pages: 600
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Butterworth-Heinemann 2005
  • Published: November 9, 2005
  • Imprint: Butterworth-Heinemann
  • eBook ISBN: 9780080457963

About the Author

Daniel Vallero

Daniel Vallero
Professor Daniel A. Vallero is an internationally recognized author and expert in environmental science and engineering. He has devoted decades to conducting research, teaching, and mentoring future scientists and engineers. He is currently developing tools and models to predict potential exposures to chemicals in consumer products. He is a full adjunct professor of civil and environmental engineering at Duke University’s Pratt School of Engineering. He has authored 20 environmental textbooks, with the most recent addressing the importance of physical principles in environmental science and engineering. His books have addressed all environmental compartments and media within the earth’s atmosphere, hydrosphere, lithosphere, and biosphere.

Affiliations and Expertise

Pratt School of Engineering, Duke University, Durham, NC, USA

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