Pandemic Risk, Response, and Resilience

Pandemic Risk, Response, and Resilience

COVID-19 Responses in Cities Around the World

1st Edition - May 20, 2022

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  • Editors: Indrajit Pal, Rajib Shaw
  • Paperback ISBN: 9780323992770
  • eBook ISBN: 9780323994361

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Description

Pandemic Risk, Response, and Resilience: COVID-19 Responses in Cities Around the World examines the pandemic’s global impacts on public health, economies, society and labor. The book shows how COVID-19 intensified natural and anthropogenic hazards and destroyed years of communities, governments and the work of development organizations and their investments. It focuses on how disaster resilience is central to achieving the 2030 Sustainable Development Goals in a post-COVID-19 era. Sections cover current governance practices, with special attention given to Asia’s more successful responses. It shows how the various sectors across that society were most impacted by COVID-19, including tourism and food systems. This book is an essential reference for researchers and practitioners who need to understand response, preparedness and future pathways for pandemic resilience.

Key Features

  • Showcases risk governance at local, national and regional scales
  • Captures multidisciplinary and multi-sectoral insights through numerous case studies
  • Uniquely addresses, in a comprehensive and structure manner, risk governance methodologies

Readership

Graduate students, researchers, practitioners, and policymakers in disaster/risk management, economics, public health, and sustainable development

Table of Contents

  • Cover image
  • Title page
  • Table of Contents
  • Copyright
  • Contributors
  • About the editors
  • Preface
  • Part I. Overview and national governance response
  • Chapter 1. COVID-19 pandemic, global spread, issues, and challenges
  • 1. Introduction
  • 2. Pandemic risk, response, and resilience
  • 3. Risk governance at local, national, and regional scales
  • 4. Outline of this book
  • 5. Conclusion
  • Chapter 2. COVID-19 and fiscal stimulus in South Asia: implications for resilience and sustainable development
  • 1. Introduction
  • 2. COVID-19 overview in South Asia
  • 3. Fiscal stimulus in South Asia: facts and figures
  • 4. Scope of integration into resilience and development framework
  • 5. Conclusion
  • Chapter 3. Enhancing risk governance and sustainability in times of COVID-19: experiences and repercussions from Thailand
  • 1. Introduction
  • 2. Literature review
  • 3. Methodology
  • 4. Results and findings
  • 5. Discussions
  • 6. Conclusion and recommendations
  • 7. Way ahead
  • Chapter 4. Pandemic in the land of the smile: the case of COVID-19 outbreak in Thailand in 2020
  • 1. Introduction
  • 2. Lockdown and ‘distancing’
  • 3. The effects
  • 4. The government measures
  • 5. The resurgence of Thai values
  • 6. Pandemic, corruption, inequality, and democracy
  • 7. Conclusion
  • Chapter 5. Disaster risk governance in the midst of the COVID-19 pandemic in Central America: the case of Guatemala
  • 1. These threats according to the international frameworks
  • 2. Approaches to disasters
  • 3. Systemic threats
  • 4. Disaster risk governance and the Sendai Framework
  • 5. The case of risk governance and COVID-19 in Guatemala
  • 6. Conclusion
  • Chapter 6. National perspectives of COVID-19: case of Sri Lanka
  • 1. Introduction
  • 2. A global perspective of preparedness planning for pandemics and other biological hazards
  • 3. Methodology
  • 4. Results and discussion
  • 5. Conclusion
  • Chapter 7. Extent and appraisal of COVID-19 pandemic, risk governance, and resilience in Pakistan
  • 1. Introduction
  • 2. COVID-19 pandemic and Pakistan
  • 3. Health facilities for COVID-19 in Pakistan
  • 4. COVID-19 resilience
  • 5. Conclusion
  • Chapter 8. Epidemics and pandemics risk governance: a case of post-COVID-19 in the United Kingdom
  • 1. Introduction
  • 2. Methods
  • 3. Key concepts
  • 4. Pandemic risk governance in the United Kingdom
  • 5. Conclusions
  • Chapter 9. Risk governance, resilience, and response against COVID-19 in the Republic of Korea
  • 1. Introduction
  • 2. Korea's infectious disease response system
  • 3. Korea's response to COVID-19
  • 4. Findings
  • 5. Conclusion
  • Chapter 10. Sri Lanka's fight against COVID-19: a brief overview
  • 1. Introduction
  • 2. The health-care structure of Sri Lanka
  • 3. The public responsiveness
  • 4. Traditional social practices
  • 5. The geographic location of the country
  • 6. The role of military and police on COVID-19 management in Sri Lanka
  • 7. The role of media on COVID-19 management in Sri Lanka
  • 8. Risk communication plan
  • 9. Challenges faced
  • 10. Conclusion
  • Chapter 11. COVID-19 pandemic in the Arctic and Subarctic
  • 1. Introduction
  • 2. COVID-19 action plan
  • 3. Discussion
  • 4. Impact of COVID-19 in the world and Arctic and Subarctic regions
  • 5. Analysis of Arctic tourism in the pandemic era
  • 6. Conclusion
  • Chapter 12. National perspectives of COVID-19 in the Maldives
  • 1. Global context
  • 2. Maldivian context
  • 3. Overview of legal frameworks
  • 4. Perspectives of COVID-19
  • 5. Conclusion
  • Chapter 13. Reflections on pandemic governance in China and its implications to future 5G strategy
  • 1. Introduction—governance mechanism of China
  • 2. Reasons for rapid COVID-19 recovery in China
  • 3. Attempt to turn COVID-19 to opportunity: 5G
  • 4. Analysis on 5G governance in post-COVID-19
  • 5. Conclusions
  • Chapter 14. Reflections on pandemic governance in Japan
  • 1. Introduction—governance mechanism of Japan
  • 2. Application of governance system of COVID-19 in Japan
  • 3. Key issues and challenges in COVID-19
  • 4. Recommendations for future governance: adaptive governance
  • 5. Conclusion
  • Part II. Capacity and response of local government
  • Chapter 15. The Rohingyas in Bangladesh: the 2020 pandemic and the aftermath
  • 1. Introduction
  • 2. Associated issues with Rohingya
  • 3. The COVID-19 pandemic
  • 4. The move to settle some refugees in Bhasan Char
  • 5. Conclusion
  • Chapter 16. Guesstimating the COVID-19 burden: what is the best model?
  • 1. Introduction
  • 2. Mass testing and screening model
  • 3. Cross-country comparisons
  • 4. Limitations of PCR testing
  • 5. Serologic tests
  • 6. Insights from South Asia
  • 7. Trace, test, and treat model of South Korea
  • 8. Sero-prevalence findings from Pakistan
  • 9. Conclusion
  • Chapter 17. Pandemic management in mountainous regions: challenges and opportunities
  • 1. Introduction
  • 2. Conclusions
  • Chapter 18. Redefining vulnerability and resilience from COVID-19 lens: a case study of COVID-19 management in Bihar, India
  • 1. Introduction
  • 2. An overview of COVID-19 in India
  • 3. Methodology
  • 4. Bihar and COVID-19 management
  • 5. The vulnerability and resilience discourse from COVID-19 lens
  • 6. Discussion
  • 7. Conclusion
  • Chapter 19. Uttar Pradesh: state governance and response in COVID-19 pandemic
  • 1. Introduction
  • 2. COVID-19 pandemic in Uttar Pradesh
  • 3. The strategy for containment and quarantine in 2020
  • 4. Transportation
  • 5. Relief distribution
  • 6. Governance of line departments in Uttar Pradesh
  • 7. Futuristic arrangements by the state government
  • 8. Good practices of Uttar Pradesh observed by central team
  • 9. Governance challenges
  • 10. Conclusion
  • Chapter 20. Development and operationalization of disaster risk management framework for COVID-19 pandemic: Quezon City inclusive unified response, recovery, and rehabilitation action plan 2020–2030
  • 1. Introduction
  • 2. Objective
  • 3. Methodology
  • 4. Interpretation
  • 5. Output: Quezon City disaster management framework for COVID-19 pandemic
  • 6. Application of QC DRMF-COVID-19-P
  • 7. Outcome: inclusive unified response, recovery, and rehabilitation action plan 2020–30
  • Annex A
  • Chapter 21. Risk Governance Perspectives for compounding hazards: a case study in Megacity Kolkata
  • 1. Introduction
  • 2. COVID-19 and Cyclone Amphan: the twin tragedy
  • 3. Contextualizing sustainable development goals for city resilience
  • 4. Discussion and conclusion
  • Part III. Livelihoods
  • Chapter 22. Government and public health measures in response to COVID-19 pandemic and impacts on fisheries and aquaculture in Thailand
  • 1. Introduction
  • 2. Village health volunteers in Thailand
  • 3. COVID-19 communication and translation
  • 4. COVID-19 impact on fisheries sector
  • 5. Positive impact of COVID-19
  • 6. Risk management and governance decisions on COVID-19 at national level
  • 7. Recommendation for preventing COVID-19
  • 8. Conclusion
  • Chapter 23. Response and resilience of agricultural value chain to COVID-19 pandemic in India and Thailand
  • 1. Background
  • 2. Impact on Indian agriculture
  • 3. Impact on Thailand agriculture
  • 4. Impacts of COVID-19 on agricultural food system value chain in India and Thailand
  • 5. Implications for the stakeholders
  • 6. Relevant digital technologies and tools
  • 7. Conclusion and way forward
  • Chapter 24. Assessing the impact of COVID-19 to tourism and adaptation strategies: a case study in Thua Thien Hue, Vietnam
  • 1. Introduction
  • 2. Methodology
  • 3. Study area
  • 4. Results and discussion
  • 5. Discussion
  • 6. Conclusion
  • Chapter 25. Positive externality matters in the COVID-19 pandemic: the case of women informal businesses in District Mardan, Pakistan
  • 1. Introduction
  • 2. Data and methods
  • 3. Results
  • 4. Discussion and contribution
  • 5. Conclusion
  • Chapter 26. Pandemic risk, response, and resilience of fishermen in Ghana: a case study of fishing communities in Stratum VII, Volta Lake
  • 1. Introduction
  • 2. Methodology
  • 3. Results
  • 4. Discussion
  • 5. Conclusion
  • Chapter 27. COVID-19 national response on tourism sector: a case study of Western division of Vitilevu, Fiji Islands
  • 1. Introduction
  • 2. Study area and research methodology
  • 3. Discussion and analysis
  • 4. Physical impacts on tourism industries and attraction
  • 5. Health impact of COVID-19
  • 6. Agriculture sector and food supplies during COVID-19
  • 7. Conclusion and recommendation
  • Part IV. Community, awareness, and education
  • Chapter 28. Risk management and resilience of schools in response to the COVID-19 pandemic
  • 1. Background
  • 2. Objective of study
  • 3. Research design
  • 4. Findings
  • 5. Conclusion
  • 6. Discussion
  • Chapter 29. Impacts of pandemic on education sector in Thailand
  • 1. Introduction
  • 2. COVID-19 impacts on education sector in global level
  • 3. COVID-19 impacts on education sector in Thailand
  • 4. Conclusion
  • Chapter 30. Knowledge gaps and operational challenges in managing COVID-19 in Bangladesh: postpandemic strategies in multi-disaster contexts
  • 1. Introduction
  • 2. COVID-19 crisis in Bangladesh: characterization and learning to date
  • 3. The social contexts and economic impacts of COVID-19 in Bangladesh
  • 4. Bangladesh in post-corona era
  • 5. The COVID-19 pandemic in current global reality
  • 6. Conclusions
  • Index

Product details

  • No. of pages: 516
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Elsevier 2022
  • Published: May 20, 2022
  • Imprint: Elsevier
  • Paperback ISBN: 9780323992770
  • eBook ISBN: 9780323994361

About the Editors

Indrajit Pal

Indrajit Pal is Assistant Professor of Disaster Preparedness, Mitigation and Management at the Asian Institute of Technology. He has more than 16 years’ experience in researching, teaching, training, and consulting on disaster risk governance, incident command system, hazard and risk assessment, CBDRM, public health risk, disaster resilience, and DRR Education. He is the author of numerous peer-reviewed journal papers, conference papers, and books.

Affiliations and Expertise

Assistant Professor of Disaster Preparedness, Mitigation and Management, Asian Institute of Technology, India

Rajib Shaw

Rajib Shaw is Professor in the Graduate School of Media and Governance in Keio University, Senior Fellow at Institute of Global Environmental Strategies, Chairperson of two Japanese NGOs, co-founder of a Delhi-based social entrepreneur startup Resilience Innovation Knowledge Academy, and Executive Director of the Integrated Research on Disaster Risk. He is Chair of the United Nations Science Technology Advisory Group for Disaster Risk Reduction, Co-Chair of the Asia Science Technology Academic Advisory Group, Editor-in-Chief of the Elsevier’s “Progress in Disaster Science” journal, and author of more than 300 academic papers and 45 books, including “Urban Risk Reduction: Asian Perspective” (Elsevier).

Affiliations and Expertise

Professor, Graduate School of Media and Governance, Keio University, Japan; Senior Fellow; Institute of Global Environmental Strategies, Chairperson

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