Paleoseismology has become an important component of seismic risk analysis, which is mandated for nuclear power plants, dams, waste repositories, and other critical structures. This book is the first in the English language to be devoted solely to paleoseismology. It summarizes the development of the field from the 1960s to the present, encompassing material that is currently widely dispersed in journal articles.
- Includes a comprehensive review of the techniques currently used in paleoseismology
- Emphasizes practical methods of data collection and field studies
- Covers interpretation of field data based on current theory concerning fault segmentation and recurrence cycles
- Contains more than 170 line drawings and 50 photographs of paleoseismic phenomena
Academic researchers in tectonics and seismology and geological/geotechnical consultants in any country with seismic risk. Also, civil engineers, and risk analysts in federal and State agencies. Text adoption potential for courses on 'Geologic Hazards' and 'Neotectonics,' and graduate-level courses on 'Earthquake Hazards'.
Chapter 1: J.P. McCalpin and A.R. Nelson, Introduction to Paleoseismology. The Scope of Paleoseismology. Identifying Prehistoric Earthquakes from Primary and Secondary Evidence. Prehistoric Earthquake Recurrence and Dating. Estimating the Magnitude of Prehistoric Earthquakes. The Early Development of Paleoseismology.
Chapter 2: J.P. McCalpin, Field Techniques in Paleoseismology: Introduction. Mapping Paleoseismic Landforms. Mapping Paleoseismic Stratigraphy. Distinguishing Paleoseismic Features From Non-Seismic or Non-Tectonic Features. Specialized Subfields of Paleoseismology.
Chapter 3: J.P. McCalpin, Paleoseismology of Extensional Tectonic Environments: Introduction. Geomorphic Evidence of Paleoearthquakes. Stratigraphic Evidence of Paleoearthquakes. Dating Paleoearthquakes. Interpreting the Paleoseismic History by Retrodeformation. Distinguishing Tectonic from Non-Tectonic Normal Faults.
Chapter 4: W.R. Hackett, S.M. Jackson, and R.P. Smith, Paleoseismology of Volcanic Environments: Introduction. Volcano-Extensional Structures. Criteria for Field Recognition of Volcano-Extensional Features. Paleoseismological Implications and Methods. Conclusions.
Chapter 5: G.A. Carver and J.P. McCalpin, Paleoseismology of Compressional Tectonic Environments: Introduction. Geomorphic Evidence of Thrust Paleoearthquakes. Stratigraphic Evidence of Thrust Paleoearthquakes. Paleoseismic Evidence of Secondary Faulting. Paleoseismic Evidence of Coseismic Folding. Paleoseismology of Subduction Zones. Late Quaternary Sea Level. The Coseismic Event Horizon. Paleoseismic Evidence of Coseismic Uplift. Paleoseismic Evidence of Coseismic Subsidence.
Chapter 6: R.J. Weldon II, J.P. McCalpin, and T.K. Rockwell, Paleoseismology in Strike-Slip Tectonic Environments: Introduction. Geomorphic Evidence of Paleoearthquakes. Stratigraphic Evidence of Paleoearthq
- No. of pages:
- © Academic Press 2009
- 6th July 2009
- Academic Press
- eBook ISBN:
- Paperback ISBN:
GEO-HAZ Consulting, Inc., Crestone, CO, USA
"The book is a major revision and expansion of the first edition of 1996. In effect, a reader is in possession of a wise and comprehensive review of field techniques of data collection and interpretation, applicable to current seismic risk analysis and seismic hazard assessment…. It is a rich resource of data, field techniques (geological and geophysical), thoughtful and reflective methodological considerations, and literature. The book will be a basic reference for graduate students and researchers in environmental and engineering geosciences and for Quaternary geologists."--Pure and Applied Geophysics