Paired-Associates Learning

Paired-Associates Learning

The Role of Meaningfulness, Similarity, and Familiarization

1st Edition - January 1, 1965

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  • Authors: Albert E. Goss, Calvin F. Nodine
  • eBook ISBN: 9781483274386

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Description

Paired-Associates Learning: The Role of Meaningfulness, Similarity, and Familiarization focuses on the role of meaningfulness, similarity, and familiarization of stimuli in paired-associates (PA) learning. The book illustrates the problems, methods, findings, and theoretical implications of research findings. The book first offers information on scalings of meaningfulness, theoretical analyses, and meaningfulness in PA learning. Discussions focus on rationale and general objectives, designs of experiments, techniques, construction and use of lists, and overview and specific analyses. The text then examines similarity and familiarization, including scalings, effects of similarity on acquisition and backward recall, familiarization and transfer, and effects of familiarization. The manuscript ponders on meaning and association and summary, significance, and suggestions. Topics include theoretical analyses and significance of empirical findings and conclusions, acquired-distinctiveness training, number of and associations among elements, induction of meaning and meaningfulness, and response-mediated associations. The publication is a dependable reference for researchers interested in paired-associates learning.

Table of Contents


  • Chapter 1 Introduction

    Rationale and General Objectives

    Subsequent Chapters

    Designs of Experiments

    Abbreviations

    Chapter 2 Scalings of Meaningfulness

    Techniques

    Results

    Further Areas for Research

    Chapter 3 Meaningfulness in Paired-Associates Learning

    Construction and Use of Lists

    Results

    Chapter 4 Theoretical Analyses

    Overview and Specific Analyses

    Approaches

    Chapter 5 Similarity

    Scalings

    Effects of Similarity on Acquisition and Backward Recall

    Chapter 6 Familiarization

    Techniques

    Familiarization and Transfer

    Effects of Familiarization

    Chapter 7 Meaning and Association

    Acquired-Distinctiveness Training

    Induction of Meaning and Meaningfulness

    Response-Mediated Associations

    Number of and Association among Elements

    Summary

    Chapter 8 Summary, Significance, and Suggestions

    Summary

    Theoretical Analyses and Significance of Empirical Findings and Conclusions

    Suggestions

    Appendix

    Experiment 1. Acquisition and Retention of Unmixed Lists as Functions of Similarity of Stimulus Members, Meaningfulness and Similarity of Response Members, and %ORM

    Experiment 2. Acquisition of Unmixed Lists Administered to Subjects in Groups as Functions of Meaningfulness and Similarity of Stimulus and Response Members and of %ORM

    Experiment 3. Acquisition of Unmixed Lists Administered to Subjects in Groups as Functions of Meaningfulness and Similarity of Stimulus and Response Members, Familiarization of Response Members, and %ORM

    Experiment 4. Acquisition of Unmixed Lists Administered to Subjects in Groups as Functions of Meaningfulness of Stimulus and Response Members and of Similarity of Meaning-Ease of Learning of Pairs of Stimuli

    Experiment 5. Acquisition of Partly Mixed Lists Administered to Subjects in Groups as Functions of Meaningfulness-Similarity of Stimulus Members and Meaningfulness and Similarity of Response Members

    Experiment 6. Acquisition of Partly Mixed Lists Administered to Subjects in Groups as Functions of Meaningfulness, Similarity, and Familiarization of Stimulus and Response Members

    Experiment 7. Acquisition of Unmixed Lists Presented under Recall and Anticipation Formats as Functions of Meaningfulness of Stimulus and Response Members

    Experiment 8. Acquisition of Unmixed Lists Presented under Recall and Anticipation Formats as Functions of Similarity of Stimulus and Response Members

    Experiment 9. Acquisition of Mixed Lists Presented under Recall and Anticipation Formats as Functions of Meaningfulness of Stimulus and Response Members, Length of List, and Whole or Part-Whole Presentation

    Experiment 10. Acquisition of Mixed Lists Presented under Recall and Anticipation Formats as Functions of Similarity of Stimulus and Response Members, Length of List, and Whole or Part-Whole Presentation

    Experiment 11. Replication of Experiment

    Experiment 12. Acquisition of Mixed Lists as Functions of Percentages of Occurrence of Stimulus Members and Response Members, Meaningfulness of Stimulus Members, and Meaningfulness of Response Members

    References

    Author Index

    Subject Index

Product details

  • No. of pages: 368
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Academic Press 1965
  • Published: January 1, 1965
  • Imprint: Academic Press
  • eBook ISBN: 9781483274386

About the Authors

Albert E. Goss

Calvin F. Nodine

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