Oxygen Transport to Tissue - 1st Edition - ISBN: 9780080273464, 9781483190167

Oxygen Transport to Tissue

1st Edition

Satellite Symposium of the 28th International Congress of Physiological Sciences, Budapest, Hungary, 1980

Editors: A. G. B. Kovách E. Dóra M. Kessler
eBook ISBN: 9781483190167
Imprint: Pergamon
Published Date: 1st January 1981
Page Count: 354
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Advances in Physiological Sciences, Volume 25: Oxygen Transport to Tissue covers the proceedings of the satellite symposium of the 28th International Congress of Physiological Science, held in Budapest, Hungary in 1980. This book mainly focuses on the relation of oxygen transport and delivery to heterogeneities, autoregulation of blood flow, organ function, and rheology. This compilation is divided into five sessions. The first two sessions encompass the models and experiments on the relationship between oxygen transport and heterogeneities. The subsequent session presents papers concerned with autoregulation of blood flow and oxygen delivery. The last two sessions are devoted to presenting papers on oxygen transport and organ function and rheology and oxygen transport. This compendium will be invaluable to those studying oxygen transport and its relationship with other biological processes.

Table of Contents


Session I - Heterogeneities and O2 Transport, Model and Experimental

Tissue Oxygen Supply and Critical Oxygen Pressure

Redox Gradients in Oxygen Delivery to Tissue

Channels of Oxygen Transport from Blood to Mitochondria

Oxygen Tension Profiles and Oxygen Consumption Inhomogeneities in the Arterial Wall: Implications for Atherogenesis

Correlation of Electrical Signals and Mitochondrial Redox State during Spreading Depression

Rate of O2 Consumption and Redox state of Cytochrome C(+Ci) Measured in Liver in Situ by Reflectance Spectrophotometry: Effect of Ethanol Ingestion

Heterogeneous Oxygen Transport within Malignant Tumors

Evaluation of ERG as a Model of Cerebral Tissue PO2 Changes with Environmental Dtress

A Theoretical Method of Analysis of the Dynamics of Oxygen Exchange in the Micro-circulation of the Intestinal Tract in the Dog that is Applicable in the Shock State

Quantitative Analysis of Reflection Spectra by Simulation Experiments on Tissue

Experimental and Mathematical Studies of Oxygen Transport in the Fetal Cerebral Micro-circulation

Effect of Diffusion Heterogeneity on Oxygen Tension in Tissue

Intracellular Micro-heterogeneity of Oxygen Concentrations

Non-invasive PO2 Monitoring at the Palpebral Conjunctiva

Micro-regional Oxygen Transmissibility Following Ischemia in the Brain

Discussion and Summary. Session I — Heterogeneities and O2 Transport, Model and Experimental

Session II - Heterogeneities and O2 Transport, Model and Experimental

Myocardial Flow Heterogeneity and Diffusional Shunting

Heterogeneity in Tissue Oxygenation; Systemic and Local Factors

Probabilistic Modeling of Oxygen Transport in Brain Tissue

Micro-flow and Oxygen Supply on the Brain during Local and Generalized Activation

Oxygen Sufficiency in the "Working" Brain

Theophylline Induced Changes of Respiratory Chain Function in Rabbit Papillary Muscle

The Use of O2-Optode for Measuring Substances as Glucose by Using Oxidative Enzymes for Biological Applications

Continuous Measurements of Intramuscular Oxygen Tension during Exercise by Use of a Flexible Catheter Transducer

Oxygen, pH and Glucose Measurements in Cerebral Ischemia

O2-induced Intramembrane H+ Movements in the Mitochondrial Membrane

Effect of Different Membranes on a Transcutaneous PO2 Electrode Used in the Presence of Anesthetic Agents

Structural Basis for the Organization of the Interstitial Space to form a Tissue Unit

Determination of Skin Blood Flow during Trans-cutaneous Monitoring

Discussion and Summary. Session II - Heterogeneities and O2 Transport, Model and Experimental

Session III — Auto-regulation of Blood Flow and O2 Delivery

Regional Regulation of Cerebral Hemodynamics and Metabolism

The Role of Local Chemical Factors in the Adjustment of Cerebrovascular Resistance during Functional Hyperemia and Auto-regulation

Redox State and Vascular Volume Changes in the Cat Brain Cortex during CBF Auto-regulation

Local Factors Affecting Regulation of Micro-flow, O2 Uptake and Energy Metabolism

pO2 and Sodium Dependent Mechanism Regulating Liver Blood Flow

Role of the Peripheral Sympathetic Nervous System in the Post-anoxic Recovery of the Brain

Influence of Chemoreceptors on Microcirculation of Various Organs

Oxygen Transport in Cortex of Awake Brain

Effect of Hypoxia on Micro-circulation and Energy Supply of the Small Intestine in Cats

The Influence of Capillary Blood Flow and O2 Transport Dynamics in Brain Nervous Tissue: Simulation

Effect of Carbon Dioxide on Blood Flow Velocity in the Arteriole of Cat's Cerebral Cortex

A Facility for Oxygen Transport to the Brain

Normal Oxygen Tensions in the Canine Spinal Cord

Effect of Venous Occlusion on Skin PO2 of Lower Extremities with Arterial Obstructive Diseases and Sympathectomy

Arterial Hypotension-induced Cytoplasmic NADH Fluorescence Changes in the Cat Brain Cortex. Effect of Dexamethasone

Effect of Oxygen on Arteriolar Dilation and Blood Velocity during and after Arterial Occlusion in Vat Sartorius Muscle

Effect of Autonomic Blocking Agents on the Local Cerebral Circulation of the Rat

Discussion and Summary. Session III - Auto-regulation of Blood Flow and O2 Delivery

Session IV - Oxygen Transport and Organ Function

Tissue Oxygenation and Tissue Metabolism in the Brain Cortex during Pronounced Arterial Hypocapnia

Control Mechanisms Involved in the Regulation of Cerebral Tissue Pressure in Oxygen

Tissue Oxygenation in Normal and Hyperthermic Conditions

NAD-NADH and Vascular Volume Oscillations in the Cat Brain Cortex

Resistance to Blood Flow in Denervated Canine Hind-limb during Hypoxia

Oxygen Consumption by Drone Photoreceptors in Darkness and during Repetitive Stimulation with Light Flashes

The Distribution of RBC Velocity in Capillaries of Resting Skeletal Muscle

Reactivity and Regenerability of the Cardio-Pulmonary System. The Arterial pO2 as a Diagnostic Parameter

Physiologic Adaption of Myocardial Contractile Strength as Determined by Direct Changes in Myocardial Metabolism Independent of Hemodynamic Loading

Oxygen Tension in Relation to Energy Metabolism in Exercising Human Skeletal Muscle

Opposite Changes in the Redox State of the Brain Cortex Depending on the Length and Strength of Direct Cortical Stimulation

Oxygen Supply of the Brain Cortex (Rat) during Severe Hypoglycemia

Skeletal Muscle Surface Oxygen Pressure Fields in Humans

Tissue pH-Distribution within Malignant Tumors as Measured with Antimony Micro-electrodes

Intra-amniotic Injection of an Oxygen Carrier (Perfluorotributylamine) during the Last Stages of the Rat Fetal Development

Effect of Calcium and Nickel Ions on Glycolytic and Oxidative Metabolism and Contractility of the Rat Uterus

Blood O2 Dissociation Curve and O2 Transport to the Isolated and Perfused Turtle Heart

Micro-circulation and Oxygen Availability in the Brain Vortex at Fepressed Electrical Activity

Metabolic Steady States in the Uterus

Effect of Oxygen on Histotoxic Hypoxia Caused by Cyanide

The Effect of Acetazolamide on Brain O2 Metabolism

The Influence of Traumatic Toxaemia on the Corticosteroid Level and on the Activity of Mitochondrial Enzymes

Discussion and Summary. Session IV - Oxygen Transport and Organ Functions

Session V - Rheology and Oxygen Transport

Blood Rheology and Oxygen Transport to Tissues

Micro-vascular Distribution of Blood Volume Flow and Hematocrit as Related to Oxygen Delivery

Effects of Red Cell Shape Abnormalities, Decreased pH and Anemia on Tissue PO2

Stagnant Anoxia on the Basis of Hemorheological Occlusion: Rheological and Physiological Aspects of the "Yield Shear Stress" of Blood

Interaction of CO2 and Lactic Acid Upon the O2-Hb Affinity of Mammalian Blood and the Theoretical Role of Red Cell pH

Influence of Rheology on Oxygen Transfer into Whole Blood and Hemoglobin Solutions Flowing in Tubes (Data-Theory)

Facilitation of Oxygen Diffusion in Hemoglobin Solutions: Measurement of Electrical Effects

A New Non-invasive Technique for Measuring O2-Saturations of Hemoglobin using Wavelength-Distances and its Application to Human and Animal Skin Transplants

A New Model for Simulating the Oxygen Pressure Field of Skin

Facilitation of Oxygen Diffusion in Hemoglobin Solutions: New Theoretical Aspects

Facilitation of Oxygen Diffusion in Hemoglobin Solutions: Influence of Various Salt Concentrations

Altered Oxygen Transport in Sickle Vell Anemia

Hemoglobin-myoglobin Teamwork

Acute Increased Oxygen Hemoglobin Affinity in Rats: Hemodynamic Consequences

Oxygen Solubility in Normal Human Blood

Assessment of the Retinal Blood Supply — A New Method

Discussion and Summary. Session V — Rheology and Oxygen Transport



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© Pergamon 1981
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About the Editor

A. G. B. Kovách

E. Dóra

E. Dóra

M. Kessler

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