Oxygen Reduction Reaction

Oxygen Reduction Reaction

Fundamentals, Materials, and Applications

1st Edition - June 14, 2022

Write a review

  • Editors: Kushal Sengupta, Sudipta Chatterjee, Kingshuk Dutta
  • eBook ISBN: 9780323907200
  • Paperback ISBN: 9780323885089

Purchase options

Purchase options
DRM-free (EPub, PDF)
Sales tax will be calculated at check-out

Institutional Subscription

Free Global Shipping
No minimum order


Oxygen Reduction Reaction: Fundamentals, Materials and Applications covers the design, synthesis and performance efficacies of the entire spectrum of oxygen reduction catalysts, extrapolating down to their applications in practical, alternative, renewable energy devices. Catalysts covered include heme inspired iron-based, heme inspired non-iron-based, non-heme-based, noble metal-based, non-noble metal-based and metal-free homogeneous and heterogeneous catalysts. The book contains critical analyses and opinions from experts around the world, making it of interest to scientists, engineers, industrialists, entrepreneurs and students.

Key Features

  • Discusses the fundamental aspects of oxygen reduction reactions
  • Offers a comprehensive analysis of the choice and development of catalyst materials for oxygen reduction reaction
  • Reviews emerging catalyst systems for oxygen reduction reaction
  • Includes analyses of catalytic performance parameters to evaluate their efficacy in oxygen reduction reactions under varied operating conditions
  • Covers the importance of oxygen reduction reaction catalysts and processes in real-life applications


University students at the grade of senior undergraduate, Master or PhD level, Professors and lecturers teaching in the area of catalysis. Several aspects of this book can also be used for courses in "Catalysis Science Technology" and "Alternative Energy Device Technologies" for science, engineering and technology programs in the undergraduate and postgraduate levels

Table of Contents

  • Cover
  • Title page
  • Table of Contents
  • Copyright
  • Contributors
  • About the editors
  • Preface
  • Foreword
  • Acknowledgments
  • Chapter 1: Oxygen reduction reaction in nature and its importance in life
  • Abstract
  • 1.1: Introduction to oxygen reduction reaction: Background and significance
  • 1.2: Oxygen activation and oxygen reduction reaction
  • 1.3: Oxygen reduction catalyzed by metalloenzymes: A close look into the structure-function relationship
  • 1.4: Natural and artificial metalloprotein models as ORR catalysts
  • 1.5: Oxygen reduction reaction by bio-inspired synthetic catalysts
  • 1.6: The future of oxygen activation: Summary and outlook
  • References
  • Chapter 2: Oxygen reduction reaction by metalloporphyrins
  • Abstract
  • 2.1: Introduction
  • 2.2: The porphyrin cofactor
  • 2.3: Common methods used in the study of O2 reduction reaction
  • 2.4: Different metalloporphyrins as ORR catalysts
  • 2.5: Porphyrin-based frameworks for ORR
  • 2.6: Metal-free porphyrins
  • 2.7: Future direction of oxygen reduction by porphyrins
  • References
  • Chapter 3: Oxygen reduction reaction by metallocorroles and metallophthalocyanines
  • Abstract
  • Acknowledgments
  • 3.1: Introduction
  • 3.2: Different routes of ORR
  • 3.3: Advantages of phthalocyanine and corroles for ORR
  • 3.4: Metallocorroles as ORR catalysts
  • 3.5: Metal complexes of phthalocyanine as ORR catalyst
  • 3.6: Summary and future prospect
  • References
  • Chapter 4: Oxygen reduction reaction by metal complexes containing non-macrocyclic ligands
  • Abstract
  • 4.1: Introduction
  • 4.2: Reactivity
  • 4.3: Summary and outlook
  • References
  • Chapter 5: Oxygen reduction reaction by noble metal-based catalysts
  • Abstract
  • 5.1: Introduction
  • 5.2: Analytical methods to assess ORR
  • 5.3: Standard protocols for obtaining data with Pt/C
  • 5.4: Mono- and multi-metallic catalysts
  • 5.5: Alloy-based catalysts
  • 5.6: Metal oxides catalysts
  • 5.7: Photocatalytic oxygen reduction reaction
  • 5.8: Direct synthesis of hydrogen peroxide on transition metal surface
  • 5.9: Noble metals in aerobic oxidation reactions
  • 5.10: Commercial and environmental viability
  • 5.11: Summary and future directions
  • References
  • Chapter 6: Oxygen reduction reaction by non-noble metal-based catalysts
  • Abstract
  • Acknowledgments
  • 6.1: Introduction
  • 6.2: ORR mechanism
  • 6.3: Oxygen reduction reaction kinetics
  • 6.4: Single and dual metal sites-based single atomic catalyst
  • 6.5: Alloy-based catalysts
  • 6.6: Metal oxides catalysts
  • 6.7: Transition metal chalcogenides
  • 6.8: Transition metal carbides/nitrides/oxynitrides
  • 6.9: Commercial and environmental viability
  • 6.10: Summary and future directions
  • References
  • Chapter 7: Oxygen reduction reaction by metal-free catalysts
  • Abstract
  • Acknowledgments
  • 7.1: Introduction
  • 7.2: Synthesis and synergistic effects of dopants
  • 7.3: Carbon nanotube-based catalysts
  • 7.4: Graphene-based catalysts
  • 7.5: Graphite or graphitic nanoplatelet-based catalysts
  • 7.6: 3D porous carbon catalysts
  • 7.7: Other carbon material catalysts
  • 7.8: Commercial and environmental viability
  • References
  • Chapter 8: Oxygen reduction reaction in hydrogen fuel cells
  • Abstract
  • 8.1: Introduction
  • 8.2: Fundamental concept and working principle
  • 8.3: Catalyst materials used: Design, synthesis, and performances
  • 8.4: Commercial and environmental viability
  • 8.5: Existing challenges and future direction
  • 8.6: Summary
  • References
  • Further reading
  • Chapter 9: Oxygen reduction reaction in methanol fuel cells
  • Abstract
  • Acknowledgments
  • 9.1: Introduction: Background and significance
  • 9.2: Direct methanol fuel cells (DMFCs)
  • 9.3: ORR catalysts in DMFC: Design, synthesis, and performance
  • 9.4: Commercial and environmental viability of the catalyst materials
  • 9.5: Existing challenges and future directions
  • 9.6: Summary
  • References
  • Further reading
  • Chapter 10: Oxygen reduction reaction in ethanol fuel cells
  • Abstract
  • 10.1: Introduction
  • 10.2: Fundamental concepts and working principle
  • 10.3: Cathode catalysts
  • 10.4: Commercial and environmental viability of the catalyst materials
  • 10.5: Existing challenges and future directions
  • 10.6: Summary
  • References
  • Chapter 11: Oxygen reduction reaction in solid oxide fuel cells
  • Abstract
  • 11.1: Background and significance
  • 11.2: Fundamental concepts and working principle
  • 11.3: Catalyst materials for oxygen reduction reaction
  • 11.4: Methods used for preparation of cathode catalyst
  • 11.5: Method used for catalyst deposition on electrolytes
  • 11.6: Commercial and environmental viability of the catalyst materials
  • 11.7: Challenges and future directions
  • References
  • Chapter 12: Oxygen reduction reaction in enzymatic biofuel cells
  • Abstract
  • Acknowledgment
  • 12.1: Introduction
  • 12.2: Basic features: Kinetics and thermodynamics
  • 12.3: Immobilization of enzymes onto electrodes for electronic coupling
  • 12.4: Enzymatic O2 reduction
  • 12.5: Application of EBFCs
  • 12.6: Conclusion and outlook
  • References
  • Chapter 13: Oxygen reduction reaction in lithium-air batteries
  • Abstract
  • 13.1: Introduction: Background and significance
  • 13.2: Fundamental aspects of LABs
  • 13.3: Catalyst materials
  • 13.4: Commercial and environmental viabilities of catalyst materials
  • 13.5: Summary, existing challenges and future directions
  • References
  • Index

Product details

  • No. of pages: 522
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Elsevier 2022
  • Published: June 14, 2022
  • Imprint: Elsevier
  • eBook ISBN: 9780323907200
  • Paperback ISBN: 9780323885089

About the Editors

Kushal Sengupta

Dr. Kushal Sengupta is currently an Alexander von Humboldt (AvH) fellow at Max Planck institute for Chemical Energy Conversion, Mulheim an der Ruhr, Germany. Before winning the AvH fellowship award, he served as an Assistant Professor in the Department of Chemistry at Abhedananda College under Burdwan University in India (Aug 2020 – Mar 2021). Prior to this, he was a NIH postdoctoral research fellow in the Department of Chemistry and Chemical Biology at Cornell University, USA (Aug 2016 – Dec 2019). He carried out his doctoral studies at Indian Association for the Cultivation of Science, Kolkata, with a CSIR-UGC NET fellowship (2010-2016). He obtained his bachelor’s and master’s degree in Chemistry from Jadavpur University. His areas of research interests lie in the field of bioinorganic chemistry especially in oxygen and proton reduction, electrocatalysis, Alzheimer’s disease, etc, and in field of biophysical chemistry especially in metal homeostasis in bacteria, protein purification, super-resolution fluorescence imaging, etc. He is the recipient of two prestigious international awards, SBIC travel grant (2015) and SNIC student bursary (2014) during his Ph.D. He has authored 26 research articles (till date) in reputed international journals and 2 books chapters and has presented several posters and talks in international and national conferences. He has been actively involved as a reviewer for several scientific publishing houses and has been a member of Society of Bioinorganic Chemistry for several years now.

Affiliations and Expertise

Alexander von Humboldt (AvH) fellow at Max Planck institute for Chemical Energy Conversion, Mulheim an der Ruhr, Germany

Sudipta Chatterjee

Dr. Sudipta Chatterjee is currently working as a assistant professor of chemistry at the BITS Pilani Campus in Goa, India. Prior to this, he was a post-doctoral associate for two years (2017-2019) in the department of Chemistry and Chemical Biology at Cornell University, USA. Before joining Cornell, he was a doctoral student (2011-2017) in the department of Inorganic Chemistry at Indian Association for the Cultivation of Science, India. Dr. Chatterjee was the recipient of junior and senior research fellowships funded by the Council for Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR), Govt. of India. He completed his B.Sc. (2006-2009) from Burdwan University and M.Sc. (2009-2011) from Indian Institute of Technology, Kharagpur. His research areas lie in the field of small molecule activation and catalytic reduction (O2, H+, CO2) towards sustainable energy production, including electrochemical and spectro-electrochemical techniques to isolate and study vital catalytic intermediates for understanding the structure-function correlations. During his PhD, his focus was primarily on the mechanistic investigations of electrocatalytic oxygen reduction and hydrogen evolution reactions of various bio-mimetic systems for monitoring the structural evolution of the reactive centers that help developing improved catalytic systems for sustainable future. Until now, he is the author of 31 international journal articles and 2 book chapters. He has also served as a peer reviewer for several society journals. He has been a member of the Society of Biological Inorganic Chemistry (2015-2018) and American Chemical Society (2018-2019).

Affiliations and Expertise

Assistant Professor, Chemistry, BITS Pilani, Goa Campus, India

Kingshuk Dutta

Dr. Kingshuk Dutta, FICS, is currently employed as a Scientist in the Advanced Polymer Design and Development Research Laboratory of the Central Institute of Petrochemicals Engineering and Technology, India. Prior to this appointment, he had worked as an Indo-U.S. Postdoctoral Fellow at the Cornell University, U.S.A. (2018-19) and as a National Postdoctoral Fellow at the Indian Institute of Technology – Kharagpur, India (2016-17), both funded by the Science and Engineering Research Board, Govt. of India. Earlier, as a Senior Research Fellow funded by the Council of Scientific and Industrial Research, Govt. of India., he had carried out his doctoral study at the University of Calcutta, India (2013-16). He possesses degrees in both technology (B. Tech. and M. Tech.) and science (B. Sc.), all from University of Calcutta. He was also a recipient of the prestigious Graduate Aptitude Test in Engineering (GATE) and National Scholarship, both from the Ministry of Human Resource Development, Govt. of India. His areas of research interest lie in the fields of fuel cells (including alcohol, bio/microbial and hydrogen fuel cells), sensors, water purification, polymer blends and composites and biodegradable polymers. Until date, he has contributed to 45 experimental and review papers in reputed international platforms, 24 book chapters and many national and international presentations. In addition, he has edited/co-edited two books published by Elsevier. He has also served as a guest associate handling editor for Frontiers in Chemistry and a peer-reviewer for over 130 journal articles, conference papers, book chapters and research project proposals. He is a life member and an elected fellow of the Indian Chemical Society, a life member of the International Exchange Alumni Network (U.S. Department of State), a member of the International Association of Advanced Materials (Sweden) and a member of the Science Advisory Board (U.S.A.). Earlier, he held memberships of the International Association for Hydrogen Energy (U.S.A.), the Institute for Engineering Research and Publication (India) and the Wiley Advisors Group (U.S.A.).

Affiliations and Expertise

Scientist, Advanced Polymer Design and Development Research Laboratory (APDDRL), School for Advanced Research in Polymers (SARP), Central Institute of Plastics Engineering and Technology (CIPET), Devanahalli, Bengaluru, India

Ratings and Reviews

Write a review

There are currently no reviews for "Oxygen Reduction Reaction"