Description

Oxy-fuel combustion is currently considered to be one of the major technologies for carbon dioxide (CO2) capture in power plants. The advantages of using oxygen (O2) instead of air for combustion include a CO2-enriched flue gas that is ready for sequestration following purification and low NOx emissions. This simple and elegant technology has attracted considerable attention since the late 1990s, rapidly developing from pilot-scale testing to industrial demonstration. Challenges remain, as O2 supply and CO2 capture create significant energy penalties that must be reduced through overall system optimisation and the development of new processes.

Oxy-fuel combustion for power generation and carbon dioxide (CO2) capture comprehensively reviews the fundamental principles and development of oxy-fuel combustion in fossil-fuel fired utility boilers. Following a foreword by Professor János M. Beér, the book opens with an overview of oxy-fuel combustion technology and its role in a carbon-constrained environment. Part one introduces oxy-fuel combustion further, with a chapter comparing the economics of oxy-fuel vs. post-/pre-combustion CO2 capture, followed by chapters on plant operation, industrial scale demonstrations, and circulating fluidized bed combustion. Part two critically reviews oxy-fuel combustion fundamentals, such as ignition and flame stability, burner design, emissions and heat transfer characteristics, concluding with chapters on O2 production and CO2 compression and purification technologies. Finally, part three explores advanced concepts and developments, such as near-zero flue gas recycle and high-pressure systems, as well as chemical looping combustion and utilisation of gaseous fuel.

With its distinguished editor and internationally renowned contributors, Oxy-fuel combustion for power generation and carbon dioxide (CO2) capture provides a rich resource for power plant designers, operators, and engineers, as well as academics and researchers

Key Features

  • Comprehensively reviews the fundamental principles and development of oxy-fuel combustion in fossil-fuel fired utility boilers
  • Provides an overview of oxy-fuel combustion technology and its role in a carbon-constrained environment
  • Introduces oxy-fuel combustion comparing the economics of oxy-fuel vs. post-/pre-combustion CO2 capture

Readership

Power plant designers, operators, engineers, and academics and researchers in the field

Table of Contents

Contributor contact details

Woodhead Publishing Series in Energy

Foreword

Natural Resources Canada: Ressources naturelles Canada

Chapter 1: Overview of oxy-fuel combustion technology for carbon dioxide (CO2) capture

Abstract:

1.1 Introduction

1.2 Oxy-fuel combustion: concepts and components

1.3 Oxy-fuel combustion: background and motivation

1.4 Existing challenges for oxy-fuel combustion technology

1.5 Development of oxy-fuel combustion technology

1.6 About this book

1.7 Acknowledgements

Part I: Introduction to oxy-fuel combustion

Chapter 2: Economic comparison of oxy-coal carbon dioxide (CO2) capture and storage (CCS) with pre- and post-combustion CCS

Abstract:

2.1 Introduction

2.2 Oxy-coal power plant systems scope

2.3 Oxy-coal carbon dioxide (CO2) capture and storage (CCS) cost estimates and comparisons with post- and pre-combustion CO2 capture

2.4 Conclusions

Chapter 3: Oxy-fuel power plant operation

Abstract:

3.1 Introduction

3.2 Flue gas recycle system

3.3 Oxygen (O2) handling

3.4 Leakages

3.5 Slagging and ash formation

3.6 Flue gas cleaning equipment

3.7 Maintenance of oxy-fuel power plants

3.8 Plant control systems

3.9 Conclusion

Chapter 4: Industrial scale oxy-fuel technology demonstration

Abstract:

4.1 Introduction

4.2 Oxy-fuel demonstrations and large pilot plants

4.3 Demonstrations and progress towards commercial deployment

4.4 Conclusions

4.5 Update

4.6 Acknowledgements

Chapter 5: Oxy-fuel combustion on circulating fluidized bed (CFB)

Abstract:

5.1 Introduction

5.2 Early work

5.3 Other test facilities

5.4 CanmetENERGY tests

5.5 Longer duration sulphation tests

5.6 Large pilot-scale and d

Details

No. of pages:
400
Language:
English
Copyright:
© 2011
Published:
Imprint:
Woodhead Publishing
Electronic ISBN:
9780857090980
Print ISBN:
9781845696719
Print ISBN:
9780081017197

About the editor

L Zheng

Dr Ligang Zheng is a Research Scientist at CanmetENERGY, Natural Resources Canada. He is noted for his research in energy system technical feasibility studies and optimisation, and has also chaired the oxy-fuel combustion panel and technical sessions at the Clearwater Clean Coal Conference since 2005.