Overpressure Protection in the Process Industry

Overpressure Protection in the Process Industry

A Critical View

1st Edition - January 17, 2022

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  • Author: Marc Hellemans
  • eBook ISBN: 9780323903523
  • Paperback ISBN: 9780323909563

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Description

Overpressure Protection in the Process Industry: A Critical View provides a practical and pragmatic guidance for anyone dealing with overpressure protection in the process industry. The book explains the background of complicated international codes and regulations, offering a pragmatic and practical approach on how these codes can be interpreted for specific cases. The book also gives a critical view on these codes and regulations and where they do or don't make sense, along with the challenges in some instances, including technical and practical argumentations. Finally, the book covers specific problem areas and sizing methods when using safety relief devices as overpressure protection, such as how to handle installation, backpressures, blowdowns, the 3% rule, types of chatter and other destructive forces in relief devices.

Key Features

  • Helps readers understand and apply codes and regulations in a pragmatic way
  • Provides sizing guidance on most overpressure scenarios and how to approach them in a pragmatic way
  • Creates awareness about the possible dangers of overpressure, especially in aging plants and how modifications on the process can jeopardize the overpressure protection
  • Addresses non-regulated types of overpressure protection in a process plant, such as the overpressure and vacuum protection of low-pressure storage tanks and tank blanketing

Readership

Process engineers, design engineers, process operators, OPCO management, safety engineers, Inspection agencies, engineering universities, regulators and regulating commissions in USA and Europe (ASME, API, EN/ISO); Engineering companies and consultants. pressure relief device manufacturers and their sales and their engineering departments. Processing industries in chemical, oil and gas, petrochemical, pulp and paper, power industry, food, pharmaceuticals; Students, teachers and researchers in process safety at engineering universities

Table of Contents

  • Cover Image
  • Title Page
  • Copyright
  • Table of Contents
  • About the Author
  • Introduction
  • Acknowledgments
  • Chapter 1 Studies on overpressure relief systems
  • Abstract
  • 1.1 Introduction
  • 1.2 Factors of noncompliance
  • 1.3 Leaking safety relief valves
  • 1.4 Comments on a case study
  • Chapter 2 Background to pressure relief design
  • Abstract
  • 2.1 Introduction
  • 2.2 Principles of pressure relief
  • Chapter 3 Critical view on designing pressure safety devices according to PED, ASME, and ISO/EN or API
  • Abstract
  • 3.1 Introduction
  • 3.2 Structure comparison of the codes
  • 3.3 Comparison of performance characteristics for pressure relief valves
  • 3.4 Testing
  • 3.5 International harmonization
  • Chapter 4 Keeping overpressure protection up to date
  • Abstract
  • 4.1 Influencing factors for overpressure protection change
  • 4.2 Lifecycle management
  • Chapter 5 Management of change and pressure relief analysis
  • Abstract
  • Chapter 6 Codes, recommendations, and sizing methods
  • Abstract
  • 6.1 Introduction
  • 6.2 US directives
  • 6.3 European directives
  • 6.4 Other worldwide directives
  • 6.5 Other specific directives
  • 6.6 Former directives and codes
  • Chapter 7 Emergency depressurization valves versus pressure relief devices
  • Abstract
  • 7.1 Introduction
  • 7.2 Pressure system safety regulations
  • 7.3 Types of safety systems
  • 7.4 Safety instrumented systems and safety integrity levels
  • 7.5 Design perspectives
  • 7.6 Operational perspective
  • 7.7 The bowtie analysis
  • 7.8 Overall decision making
  • 7.9 Taking overpressure scenarios to a layer of protection analysis
  • Chapter 8 Process pressures
  • Abstract
  • 8.1 Introduction
  • 8.2 Definitions, design, and sizing terms
  • 8.3 The relief design procedure
  • Chapter 9 Effects of backpressures on relief devices
  • Abstract
  • 9.1 Introduction
  • 9.2 Types of backpressure
  • 9.3 Safety relief valve selection
  • 9.4 Sizing with backpressures
  • 9.5 The issues with backpressure
  • Chapter 10 Chatter in relief valves and the 3% rule
  • Abstract
  • 10.1 Introduction
  • 10.2 Design effects on chatter
  • 10.3 Types of chatter
  • 10.4 The 3% rule: fiction or reality
  • Chapter 11 Installation of pressure relief devices
  • Abstract
  • 11.1 Introduction
  • 11.2 General installation recommendations
  • 11.3 Types of discharge
  • 11.4 Special code requirements
  • Chapter 12 Overpressure scenarios
  • Abstract
  • 12.1 Introduction
  • 12.2 Understanding overpressure scenarios
  • 12.3 Scenario calculations
  • 12.3.5 Thermal expansion
  • 12.4 Scenario examples
  • Chapter 13 Recommended and generally accepted good engineering practices
  • Abstract
  • Keywords
  • Chapter 14 Relief system sizing and design
  • Abstract
  • Keywords
  • 14.1 Introduction
  • 14.2 Use of shutdown devices
  • 14.3 What do codes say?
  • 14.4 Pros and cons of taking credit for emergency shutdown devices
  • 14.5 Types of emergency shutdown devices
  • 14.6 Various methods of credit taking
  • 14.7 High integrity emergency shutdown devices versus reliability of pressure relief valves
  • Chapter 15 Overpressure protection on low-pressure storage tanks
  • Abstract
  • Keywords
  • 15.1 Introduction
  • 15.2 Recommended guidelines and practices
  • 15.3 Selecting conservation vents
  • 15.4 Technology and principle of operation of conservation vents
  • 15.5 Sizing for normal operation
  • 15.6 Sizing for emergency relief
  • 15.7 Setting conservation vents
  • Chapter 16 Tank blanketing
  • Abstract
  • Keywords
  • 16.1 Introduction
  • 16.2 Why and where to use tank blanketing
  • 16.3 General description of the blanketing process
  • 16.4 Types of blanketing systems
  • 16.5 Sizing blanketing systems
  • 16.6 Blanketing methods and requirements
  • 16.7 Setting and use of blanketing systems
  • 16.8 International guidelines and recommendations
  • Chapter 17 Learning from accidents/incidents and study cases
  • Abstract
  • Keywords
  • 17.1 Introduction
  • 17.2 Accident 1: Texas city refinery explosion
  • 17.3 Accident 2: hydrocracking unit UK
  • 17.4 Accident 3: storage tank explosion
  • 17.5 Accident 4: tank explosion
  • 17.6 Accident 5: the Seveso disaster
  • 17.7 Accident 6: LNG plant Russia
  • 17.8 Accident 7: chemical runaway accident the United States
  • 17.9 Accident 8: The Piper Bravo offshore rig
  • 17.10 Miscellaneous accidents
  • 17.11 Pressure relief case studies
  • 17.12 Incidents due to small modifications
  • Abbreviations and acronyms
  • Further reading
  • Index

Product details

  • No. of pages: 396
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Elsevier 2022
  • Published: January 17, 2022
  • Imprint: Elsevier
  • eBook ISBN: 9780323903523
  • Paperback ISBN: 9780323909563

About the Author

Marc Hellemans

Marc Hellemans holds a masters degree in electro mechanics and started end of the 70-ies working in the Flow Control business. More particular he specialized in Pressure Relief Devices in the process industry. He ended his long corporate career with Tyco Flow Control in 2008, where he held various senior management positions: Vice President Sales & Marketing for the Engineered Products group (Flow Control & Automation). Managing Director for a manufacturing plant of a major brand pressure relief devices (Anderson Greenwood Crosby). He was part of the M&A team of Tyco Flow Control and realized various mergers & acquisitions and managed the restructurings. Since 2008 he is managing partner at Vh Consult where he is working as a senior consultant in the field of overpressure protection in the process industry and where he is active worldwide in consulting both end users and pressure relief device manufacturers on overpressure protection. Conducting many trainings and lectures all over the world in particular the Middle East and South East Asia. Author of the book: “The Safety Relief Valve Handbook” published by Elsevier and various articles on Flow Control, Pressure Relief and Marketing published by Kluwer.

Affiliations and Expertise

Emeritus Pressure Relief Specialist, Belgium; formerly Tyco Flow Control, US and UK

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