Ostracoda as Proxies for Quaternary Climate Change - 1st Edition - ISBN: 9780444536365, 9780444536372

Ostracoda as Proxies for Quaternary Climate Change, Volume 17

1st Edition

Series Volume Editors: David Horne Jonathan Holmes Finn Viehberg Julio Rodriguez-Lazaro
eBook ISBN: 9780444536372
Hardcover ISBN: 9780444536365
Imprint: Elsevier Science
Published Date: 20th December 2012
Page Count: 376
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Table of Contents

Series Page


Chapter 1. A General Introduction to Ostracods

1.1 Introduction

1.2 Morphology

1.3 Distribution

1.4 Fossil Record

1.5 Applications

1.6 Conclusions


Chapter 2. The Ecology of Ostracoda Across Levels of Biological Organisation from Individual to Ecosystem

2.1 Introduction

2.2 General Aspects of Ostracod Biology

2.3 Ecology of Individuals

2.4 Ecology of Populations

2.5 Interactions with Other Species

2.6 Community and Ecosystems Ecology

2.7 Concluding Remarks


Further Reading

Chapter 3. Ostracod Taxa as Palaeoclimate Indicators in the Quaternary

3.1 Introduction and the Early Palaeoclimatic Studies on Ostracoda

3.2 From Living Populations to Fossil Assemblages

3.3 Indicator Species and Assemblage Composition

3.4 The Genus and Supra-generic Units

3.5 Quantitative Approaches

3.6 Conclusions


Further Reading

Chapter 4. Quantitative Transfer Function Approaches in Palaeoclimatic Reconstruction Using Quaternary Ostracods

4.1 Introduction

4.2 Training Datasets

4.3 Environmental Parameters

4.4 Numerical Methods

4.5 Application of Transfer Functions in Non-marine Ostracods

4.6 Application of Transfer Functions in Marine Ostracods

4.7 Data Interpretation and Limitations of OTFs

4.8 Outlook


Chapter 5. Mutual Climatic Range Methods for Quaternary Ostracods

5.1 Introduction

5.2 A Marine Ostracod MCR Method

5.3 Non-marine Ostracod MCR Methods: The Delorme Method

5.4 Non-marine Ostracod MCR Methods: The Mutual Ostracod Temperature Range Method

5.5 Examples of MOTR Applications

5.6 Concluding Remarks


Chapter 6. The Biogeography and Physicochemical Characteristics of Aquatic Habitats of Freshwater Ostracods in Canada and the United States

6.1 Introduction

6.2 Methods

6.3 Mapping and Analysis

6.4 Climate, Location and Hydrochemistry

6.5 Ostracods

6.6 Conclusions


Chapter 7. Distribution of Freshwater Ostracods in the Canadian North and Implications for Palaeoclimate Reconstructions

7.1 Introduction

7.2 Climate, Bedrock and Surficial Geology and Vegetation in Northern Canada

7.3 Existing Modern Ostracod Datasets in the Canadian North

7.4 Development of an Ostracod Calibration Dataset for Palaeoclimate Application

7.5 Application of the New Modern Ostracod Calibration Dataset

7.6 Conclusion


Chapter 8. The Chemical Composition of Ostracod Shells

8.1 Introduction

8.2 Historical Overview

8.3 Advantages and Disadvantages of Using Ostracod Shells for Geochemical Analyses

8.4 Basic Principles

8.5 Major Research Questions

8.6 Conclusions and Remaining Questions


Chapter 9. The Calibration of Environmental Controls on Elemental Ratios in Ostracod Shell Calcite

9.1 Introduction

9.2 Marine Ostracods

9.3 Non-marine Ostracods

9.4 Conclusions


Further Reading

Chapter 10. Biological and Environmental Controls on Isotopes in Ostracod Shells

10.1 Introduction

10.2 Inorganic Calcite Isotope Fractionation Versus Ostracod Isotope Compositions

10.3 Ostracod Ecology: Relevance to Ostracod Shell Chemistry

10.4 Variations of Environmental Parameters Within Ostracod (Micro-)Habitat

10.5 Isotope Composition of Ostracod Shell and Isotope Fractionation During Valve Calcification

10.6 Conclusions


Chapter 11. The Versatility of Quaternary Ostracods as Palaeoclimate Proxies

11.1 Introduction

11.2 The Ostracod as a Palaeoclimatic and Palaeoenvironmental Proxy

11.3 The Ecological Significance of Non-analogue Ostracod Assemblages

11.4 Use of Calibration Datasets

11.5 δ18O, δ13C, Mg/Ca, Sr/Ca and 87Sr/86Sr in Non-marine Ostracod Shells: A Summary

11.6 Tracking Process Dynamics by Combining Palaeoecological and Shell Geochemistry Analyses

11.7 Tracking Process Dynamics Through Time: An Example of Case 4 from the Late Holocene Northern Great Plains, North America

11.8 When Proxies Do Not Covary in Modern Samples: An Example of Case 2 from Modern Springs of the Appalachian Mountains

11.9 A Closer Look at the Impact of Hydrology on Species Assemblages

11.10 Conclusion


Chapter 12. Ostracoda as Indicators of Climatic and Human-Influenced Changes in the Late Quaternary of the Ponto-Caspian Region (Aral, Caspian and Black Seas)

12.1 Introduction

12.2 The Origin and Composition of Modern Ponto-Caspian Ostracod Faunas

12.3 The Aral Sea

12.4 The Caspian Sea

12.5 The Black Sea

12.6 Summary and Conclusions


Chapter 13. Geochemical and Palaeoecological Analyses of Mid Pleistocene to Holocene Ostracod Assemblages from Valle di Castiglione (Italy)

13.1 Introduction

13.2 Geological Setting of the Valle di Castiglione Crater Lake

13.3 The Valle di Castiglione Composite Sediment Core

13.4 Methods

13.5 Ostracod Assemblages and Palaeoenvironment Reconstruction

13.6 Geochemical Features of the Ostracod Record

13.7 Discussion

13.8 Concluding Remarks


Chapter 14. Climate Variability During the Medieval Climate Anomaly and Little Ice Age Based on Ostracod Faunas and Shell Geochemistry from Biscayne Bay, Florida

14.1 Introduction

14.2 Biscayne Bay

14.3 Material and Methods

14.4 Results: Environmental Proxies

14.5 Results: Sediment Records

14.6 Regional Climate Reconstruction

14.7 Discussion and Conclusions


Chapter 15. Quaternary Ostracods from the Tibetan Plateau and Their Significance for Environmental and Climate-Change Studies

15.1 Introduction

15.2 Characteristics of the Tibetan Plateau

15.3 Significance of Ostracod Research on the Tibetan Plateau

15.4 Studies of Quaternary Ostracods from the Tibetan Plateau

15.5 Challenges and Future Trends

15.6 Conclusion


Chapter 16. Holocene Lake-Level Changes of Lake Nam Co, Tibetan Plateau, Deduced from Ostracod Assemblages and δ18O and δ13C Signatures of Their Valves

16.1 Introduction

16.2 Holocene Asian Monsoon Dynamics Deduced from Proxy Climate Records from the TP

16.3 Study Area

16.4 Material and Methods

16.5 Results

16.6 Hydrological Stages of Lake Nam Co Inferred from Multi-proxy Evidence

16.7 Discussion and Comparison of Lake Nam Co Palaeohydrological Proxies with Other Records on the TP

16.8 Conclusions



Chapter 17. Palaeogenetics for Ostracods (Crustacea, Ostracoda)

17.1 Introduction

17.2 DNA from Crustacean Eggs: Palaeogenetics of Daphnia

17.3 Palaeogenetics of Lacustrine Ostracod Fossils

17.4 Molecular Archives in Lacustrine Ostracods

17.5 Conclusions


Chapter 18. Ostracoda as Proxies for Quaternary Climate Change

18.1 Introduction

18.2 Introduction to Quaternary and Living Ostracods

18.3 Ostracods as Palaeoclimate Proxies: Ecological and Biogeographical Approaches

18.4 Ostracods as Palaeoclimate Proxies: Geochemical Approaches

18.5 Multi-proxy Approaches to Quaternary Palaeoclimate Studies

18.6 Future Developments: Potential and Limitations of Ostracods in Quaternary Palaeoclimatology



Index of geographic, stratigraphic and taxonomic names


Ostracod crustaceans, common microfossils in marine and freshwater sedimentary records, supply evidence of past climatic conditions via indicator species, transfer function and mutual climatic range approaches as well as the trace element and stable isotope geochemistry of their shells. As methods of using ostracods as Quaternary palaeoclimate proxies have developed, so too has a critical awareness of their complexities, potential and limitations. This book combines up-to-date reviews (covering previous work and summarising the state of the art) with presentations of new, cutting-edge science (data and interpretations as well as methodological developments) to form a major reference work that will constitute a durable bench-mark in the science of Ostracoda and Quaternary climate change.


Key Features

  • In-depth and focused treatment of palaeoclimate applications
  • Provides durable benchmark and guide for all future work on ostracods
  • Presents new, cutting-edge science



This book will be of interest to academics in many fields, such as biology, geology, palaeontology, natural history and the environmental sciences/climate change in general. Primarily, of course, it will be a standard work of reference for any scientist working on fossil or Recent ostracods.


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© Elsevier Science 2012
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"...will undoubtedly be an extremely valuable resource for any micropalaeontologist or environmental earth scientist."

About the Series Volume Editors

David Horne Series Volume Editor

Affiliations and Expertise

Queen Mary, University of London

Jonathan Holmes Series Volume Editor

Affiliations and Expertise

University College London

Finn Viehberg Series Volume Editor

Affiliations and Expertise

University of Cologne

Julio Rodriguez-Lazaro Series Volume Editor

Affiliations and Expertise

Universidad del Pais Vasco