Ostracoda as Proxies for Quaternary Climate Change

Ostracoda as Proxies for Quaternary Climate Change

1st Edition - December 20, 2012

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  • Editors: David Horne, Jonathan Holmes, Finn Viehberg, Julio Rodriguez-Lazaro
  • eBook ISBN: 9780444536372
  • Hardcover ISBN: 9780444536365

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Description

Ostracod crustaceans, common microfossils in marine and freshwater sedimentary records, supply evidence of past climatic conditions via indicator species, transfer function and mutual climatic range approaches as well as the trace element and stable isotope geochemistry of their shells. As methods of using ostracods as Quaternary palaeoclimate proxies have developed, so too has a critical awareness of their complexities, potential and limitations. This book combines up-to-date reviews (covering previous work and summarising the state of the art) with presentations of new, cutting-edge science (data and interpretations as well as methodological developments) to form a major reference work that will constitute a durable bench-mark in the science of Ostracoda and Quaternary climate change.

Key Features

  • In-depth and focused treatment of palaeoclimate applications
  • Provides durable benchmark and guide for all future work on ostracods
  • Presents new, cutting-edge science

Readership

Academics in many fields, such as biology, geology, palaeontology, natural history and the environmental sciences/climate change in general. Scientists working on fossil or Recent ostracods

Table of Contents

  • Series Page
    Contributors

    1. A General Introduction to Ostracods
    1.1 Introduction
    1.2 Morphology
    1.3 Distribution
    1.4 Fossil Record
    1.5 Applications
    1.6 Conclusions
    References

    2. The Ecology of Ostracoda Across Levels of Biological Organisation from Individual to Ecosystem
    2.1 Introduction
    2.2 General Aspects of Ostracod Biology
    2.3 Ecology of Individuals
    2.4 Ecology of Populations
    2.5 Interactions with Other Species
    2.6 Community and Ecosystems Ecology
    2.7 Concluding Remarks
    References
    Further Reading

    3. Ostracod Taxa as Palaeoclimate Indicators in the Quaternary
    3.1 Introduction and the Early Palaeoclimatic Studies on Ostracoda
    3.2 From Living Populations to Fossil Assemblages
    3.3 Indicator Species and Assemblage Composition
    3.4 The Genus and Supra-generic Units
    3.5 Quantitative Approaches
    3.6 Conclusions
    References
    Further Reading

    4. Quantitative Transfer Function Approaches in Palaeoclimatic Reconstruction Using Quaternary Ostracods
    4.1 Introduction
    4.2 Training Datasets
    4.3 Environmental Parameters
    4.4 Numerical Methods
    4.5 Application of Transfer Functions in Non-marine Ostracods
    4.6 Application of Transfer Functions in Marine Ostracods
    4.7 Data Interpretation and Limitations of OTFs
    4.8 Outlook
    References

    5. Mutual Climatic Range Methods for Quaternary Ostracods
    5.1 Introduction
    5.2 A Marine Ostracod MCR Method
    5.3 Non-marine Ostracod MCR Methods: The Delorme Method
    5.4 Non-marine Ostracod MCR Methods: The Mutual Ostracod Temperature Range Method
    5.5 Examples of MOTR Applications
    5.6 Concluding Remarks
    References

    6. The Biogeography and Physicochemical Characteristics of Aquatic Habitats of Freshwater Ostracods in Canada and the United States
    6.1 Introduction
    6.2 Methods
    6.3 Mapping and Analysis
    6.4 Climate, Location and Hydrochemistry
    6.5 Ostracods
    6.6 Conclusions
    References

    7. Distribution of Freshwater Ostracods in the Canadian North and Implications for Palaeoclimate Reconstructions
    7.1 Introduction
    7.2 Climate, Bedrock and Surficial Geology and Vegetation in Northern Canada
    7.3 Existing Modern Ostracod Datasets in the Canadian North
    7.4 Development of an Ostracod Calibration Dataset for Palaeoclimate Application
    7.5 Application of the New Modern Ostracod Calibration Dataset
    7.6 Conclusion
    References

    8. The Chemical Composition of Ostracod Shells
    8.1 Introduction
    8.2 Historical Overview
    8.3 Advantages and Disadvantages of Using Ostracod Shells for Geochemical Analyses
    8.4 Basic Principles
    8.5 Major Research Questions
    8.6 Conclusions and Remaining Questions
    References

    9. The Calibration of Environmental Controls on Elemental Ratios in Ostracod Shell Calcite
    9.1 Introduction
    9.2 Marine Ostracods
    9.3 Non-marine Ostracods
    9.4 Conclusions
    References
    Further Reading

    10. Biological and Environmental Controls on Isotopes in Ostracod Shells
    10.1 Introduction
    10.2 Inorganic Calcite Isotope Fractionation Versus Ostracod Isotope Compositions
    10.3 Ostracod Ecology: Relevance to Ostracod Shell Chemistry
    10.4 Variations of Environmental Parameters Within Ostracod (Micro-)Habitat
    10.5 Isotope Composition of Ostracod Shell and Isotope Fractionation During Valve Calcification
    10.6 Conclusions
    References

    11. The Versatility of Quaternary Ostracods as Palaeoclimate Proxies
    11.1 Introduction
    11.2 The Ostracod as a Palaeoclimatic and Palaeoenvironmental Proxy
    11.3 The Ecological Significance of Non-analogue Ostracod Assemblages
    11.4 Use of Calibration Datasets
    11.5 δ18O, δ13C, Mg/Ca, Sr/Ca and 87Sr/86Sr in Non-marine Ostracod Shells: A Summary
    11.6 Tracking Process Dynamics by Combining Palaeoecological and Shell Geochemistry Analyses
    11.7 Tracking Process Dynamics Through Time: An Example of Case 4 from the Late Holocene Northern Great Plains, North America
    11.8 When Proxies Do Not Covary in Modern Samples: An Example of Case 2 from Modern Springs of the Appalachian Mountains
    11.9 A Closer Look at the Impact of Hydrology on Species Assemblages
    11.10 Conclusion
    References

    12. Ostracoda as Indicators of Climatic and Human-Influenced Changes in the Late Quaternary of the Ponto-Caspian Region (Aral, Caspian and Black Seas)
    12.1 Introduction
    12.2 The Origin and Composition of Modern Ponto-Caspian Ostracod Faunas
    12.3 The Aral Sea
    12.4 The Caspian Sea
    12.5 The Black Sea
    12.6 Summary and Conclusions
    References

    13. Geochemical and Palaeoecological Analyses of Mid Pleistocene to Holocene Ostracod Assemblages from Valle di Castiglione (Italy)
    13.1 Introduction
    13.2 Geological Setting of the Valle di Castiglione Crater Lake
    13.3 The Valle di Castiglione Composite Sediment Core
    13.4 Methods
    13.5 Ostracod Assemblages and Palaeoenvironment Reconstruction
    13.6 Geochemical Features of the Ostracod Record
    13.7 Discussion
    13.8 Concluding Remarks
    References

    14. Climate Variability During the Medieval Climate Anomaly and Little Ice Age Based on Ostracod Faunas and Shell Geochemistry from Biscayne Bay, Florida
    14.1 Introduction
    14.2 Biscayne Bay
    14.3 Material and Methods
    14.4 Results: Environmental Proxies
    14.5 Results: Sediment Records
    14.6 Regional Climate Reconstruction
    14.7 Discussion and Conclusions
    References

    15. Quaternary Ostracods from the Tibetan Plateau and Their Significance for Environmental and Climate-Change Studies
    15.1 Introduction
    15.2 Characteristics of the Tibetan Plateau
    15.3 Significance of Ostracod Research on the Tibetan Plateau
    15.4 Studies of Quaternary Ostracods from the Tibetan Plateau
    15.5 Challenges and Future Trends
    15.6 Conclusion
    References

    16. Holocene Lake-Level Changes of Lake Nam Co, Tibetan Plateau, Deduced from Ostracod Assemblages and δ18O and δ13C Signatures of Their Valves
    16.1 Introduction
    16.2 Holocene Asian Monsoon Dynamics Deduced from Proxy Climate Records from the TP
    16.3 Study Area
    16.4 Material and Methods
    16.5 Results
    16.6 Hydrological Stages of Lake Nam Co Inferred from Multi-proxy Evidence
    16.7 Discussion and Comparison of Lake Nam Co Palaeohydrological Proxies with Other Records on the TP
    16.8 Conclusions
    Acknowledgements
    References 
    17. Palaeogenetics for Ostracods (Crustacea, Ostracoda)
    17.1 Introduction
    17.2 DNA from Crustacean Eggs: Palaeogenetics of Daphnia
    17.3 Palaeogenetics of Lacustrine Ostracod Fossils
    17.4 Molecular Archives in Lacustrine Ostracods
    17.5 Conclusions
    References

    18. Ostracoda as Proxies for Quaternary Climate Change
    18.1 Introduction
    18.2 Introduction to Quaternary and Living Ostracods
    18.3 Ostracods as Palaeoclimate Proxies: Ecological and Biogeographical Approaches
    18.4 Ostracods as Palaeoclimate Proxies: Geochemical Approaches
    18.5 Multi-proxy Approaches to Quaternary Palaeoclimate Studies
    18.6 Future Developments: Potential and Limitations of Ostracods in Quaternary Palaeoclimatology
    References
    Further-Reading
    Index of geographic, stratigraphic and taxonomic names

Product details

  • No. of pages: 376
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Elsevier Science 2012
  • Published: December 20, 2012
  • Imprint: Elsevier Science
  • eBook ISBN: 9780444536372
  • Hardcover ISBN: 9780444536365

About the Series Volume Editors

David Horne

Affiliations and Expertise

Queen Mary, University of London

Jonathan Holmes

Affiliations and Expertise

University College London

Finn Viehberg

Affiliations and Expertise

University of Cologne

Julio Rodriguez-Lazaro

Affiliations and Expertise

Universidad del Pais Vasco

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