Organizational Behavior - 1st Edition - ISBN: 9780120547500, 9781483215945

Organizational Behavior

1st Edition

Theory and Practice

Authors: Steven Altman Enzo Valenzi Richard M. Hodgetts
eBook ISBN: 9781483215945
Imprint: Academic Press
Published Date: 1st January 1985
Page Count: 762
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Description

Organizational Behavior: Theory and Practice covers the concepts of organizational behavior. The book discusses the foundations of modern organizational behavior and the individual or group behavior in organizations. The text then describes organizational structure and the ways in which individuals, groups, and the structure all come together in an organizational setting. In this part of the book, major consideration is given to basic factors in organizational design, contingency factors in organizational design, and job design. The organizational processes used in bringing together the individual, the group, and the structure are also considered. The book further tackles the ways in which organizations deal with behavioral problems, such as conflict and the fears that often accompany change. Behavioral psychologists and students taking behavioral courses in management will find the text useful.

Table of Contents


Preface

Part I Foundations of Modern Behavior

Chapter 1 Organizational Behavior: A Historical Perspective

Goals of the Chapter

Organizational Behavior in Action

Part Classical Management Theory

Human Relations Theory

Modern Organizational Behavior Theory

Summary

Key Terms

Review and Study Questions

You Just Can't Get Good Help Anymore

The Pampered Workers

Self-Feedback Exercise: Identify Your Philosophy of Management

Chapter 2 Behavioral Science and Organizational Behavior

Goals of the Chapter

The Behavioral Sciences

Behavioral Science Research

Conceptual Model For This Book

Summary

Key Terms

Review and Study Questions

What, No Lecture?

Looking for the Cause

Self-Feedback Exercise: What Do You Know About Human Behavior?

Part II Individual Behavior in Organizations

Chapter 3 Personality, Perception, and Attitudes

Goals of the Chapter

The Nature of Individuals

Personality

Factors Influencing Personality Development

Personality and the Workplace

Perception

Attitudes

Summary

Key Terms

Review and Study Questions

Anti-Union Sentiment

Publish or Perish

Self-Feedback Exercise: Insights To Your Own Personality

Chapter 4 Learning and Reinforcement Theory

Goals of the Chapter

Learning

Reinforcement Schedules

Using Behavior Modification

Results From Positive Reinforcement Programs

Behavior Modification: Point-Counterpoint

Summary

Key Terms

Review and Study Questions

No More Help

A Mod Proposal

Self-Feedback Exercise: How Effective Are You in Using Reinforcement Principles?

Chapter 5 The Motivation Process

Goals of the Chapter

The Nature of Motivation

Frustration

Approaches to Motivation

Selected Content Theories of Motivation

Selected Process Theories of Motivation

Summary

Key Terms

Review and Study Questions

Strictly A Fixed Salary

Betting On The Best Horses

Self-Feedback Exercise: Identifying What Motivates You

Part II Comprehensive Cases

Tony's Dilemma

Career Progress

Down, Down, Down

Part III Group Behavior in Organizations

Chapter 6 Group Dimensions

Goals of the Chapter

What Is A Group?

Why Do People Join Groups?

Kinds of Groups

The Structural Components of Groups

Group Development

Summary

Key Terms

Review and Study Questions

Slow Progress

A Case of Uncertainty

Self-Feedback Exercise: You and Your Work Group

Chapter 7 Group Dynamics

Goals of the Chapter

The Individual and the Group

Intragroup Behavior

Intergroup Behavior

Summary

Key Terms

Review and Study Questions

The Proposed Expansion

Computer Fear

Self-Feedback Exercise:Risk Taking and You

Chapter 8 The Leadership Process

Goals of the Chapter

The Nature of Leadership

Leadership-Trait Theory

Leadership-Behavior Theory

Contingency-Determined Leadership Theory

An Integrative Model

Summary

Key Terms

Review and Study Questions

Butt Out

A No-Nonsense Person

Self-Feedback Exercise: What Type of Leader Are You?

Part III Comprehensive Cases

Production Problems

A Revolutionary Proposal

Dave's Approach

Part IV Organizational Structure and Organizational Behavior

Chapter 9 Organizational Designs

Goals of the Chapter

Basic Structural Factors Affecting Organizational Design

Contingency Factors Affecting Organizational Design

Designing the "Right" Structure

Summary

Key Terms

Review and Study Questions

The New Addition

A Turbulent Move

Self-Feedback Exercise: Identifying an Organizational Design That is Ideal For You

Chapter 10 Job Design

Goals of the Chapter

Job Design: The Challenge

Job Differences

Job Design Techniques

Job Design: Conditioning Factors

Job Characteristics Model

Quality of Work Life: Current Trends

A Participative Management Movement

Summary

Key Terms

Review and Study Questions

A Change in Work

A New Design

Self-Feedback Exercise: Evaluating the Motivating Potential Score of Your Own Job

Chapter 11 Stress and Work

Goals of the Chapter

The Nature of Stress

Specific Stressors

Effects of Stress

Individual Differences

Managing Stress

Summary

Key Terms

Review and Study Questions

She Loves the Work

A Matter of Burnout

Self-Feedback Exercise: Identifying Type A and Type B Personalities

Part IV Comprehensive Cases

The President's Ideas

The Redesign Effort

Top Management Timber

Part V Organizational Processes

Chapter 12 The Decision-Making Process

Goals of the Chapter

Basic Decision-Making Terminology

The Econologic Decision-Making Model

The Bounded Rationality Decision-Making Model

Other Empirical Research Findings

Organizational Decision Making

Decision-Making Styles

Summary

Key Terms

Review and Study Questions

A Down-Home Decision

It Was In The Bag

Self-Feedback Exercise: Are You a Left-Brain or a Right-Brain Hemisphere Person?

Chapter 13 The Communication Process

Goals of the Chapter

The Nature of Communication

Communication in Organizations

Barriers to Communication

Achieving Effective Communication in Organizations

Summary

Key Terms

Review and Study Questions

Grapevine Activity

A Difference of Opinion

Self-Feedback Exercise: Identifying Your Own Listening Style

Chapter 14 Performance Appraisal Process

Goals of the Chapter

Performance Appraisal Cycle

Sources of Error in Performance Appraisal

Reliability

Validity

Appraisal Methods and Techniques

Appraisal and Follow-up

Summary

Key Terms

Review and Study Questions

Unreliable or Maybe Just Plain Invalid

A New Evaluation

Self-Feedback Exercise: Evaluate the Secretary

Part V Comprehensive Cases

The Answer is No

Susan's Plan

Part VI Organizational Effectiveness

Chapter 15 Organizational Climate: Conflict and Change

Goals of the Chapter

Nature of Organizational Climate

Conflict in Organizations

Strategies for Change

Summary

Key Terms

Review and Study Questions

Who Needs It?

A Matter of Change

Self-Feedback Exercise: Evaluate Your Own Organizational Climate

Chapter 16 Organizational Development

Goals of the Chapter

Nature of Organizational Development

OD Components and Characteristics

The OD Intervention

Selected OD Interventions

Evaluation of OD

Optimal Success Conditions

Summary

Key Terms

Review and Study Questions

A Lot of Hocus-Pocus?

The Consultant's Report

Self-Feedback Exercise: What is Your Management Style?

Part VI Comprehensive Cases

A Reimbursement Issue

And Now For Some Changes

Now What?

Computer Fear

Glossary of Terms

Index






Details

No. of pages:
762
Language:
English
Copyright:
© Academic Press 1985
Published:
Imprint:
Academic Press
eBook ISBN:
9781483215945

About the Author

Steven Altman

Enzo Valenzi

Richard M. Hodgetts