Organic Functional Group Analysis - 1st Edition - ISBN: 9780080135007, 9781483136127

Organic Functional Group Analysis

1st Edition

International Series of Monographs on Analytical Chemistry, Volume 8

Authors: F. E. Critchfield
Editors: R. Belcher L. Gordon
eBook ISBN: 9781483136127
Imprint: Pergamon
Published Date: 1st January 1963
Page Count: 196
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Description

Organic Functional Group Analysis deals with versatile and reliable chemical methods for the analysis of most of the more common organic functional groups. The minimum number of methods required to solve the maximum number of problems is presented. The scope and known limitations of each method are discussed so that analytical chemists can decide whether the method under consideration can be applied to their particular problem. The methods are either titrimetric or colorimetric in nature. This volume is comprised of 11 chapters and begins with an overview of the analytical methods used for organic functional groups, including both titrimetric and colorimetric methods. The discussion then turns to the properties of acids and bases; selection of the best acid-base method for a particular purpose; and some of the more useful acid-base methods. Subsequent chapters explore methods for the determination of nitrogen compounds such as amines and amides; carbonyl compounds and derivatives; hydroxyl compounds such as tertiary alcohols; unsaturated compounds; 1,2-epoxy compounds; esters and peroxides; carboxylic acid anhydrides; and sulfur compounds. This book is intended for analytical chemists.

Table of Contents


Preface

1. Introduction

Techniques

2. Acids and Bases

Selection of Acid-Base Method

Differentiations

Indicators

Methods

References

3. Nitrogen Compounds

Amines

Amides

Miscellaneous

References

4. Carbonyl Compounds and Derivatives

Hydroxylamine Hydrochloride-Triethanolamine Methods

Hydroxylamine Hydrochloride-Dimethylethanolamine Method

Hydroxylammonium Formate

Mercurimetric Determination of Aldehydes

2,4,-Dinitrophenylhydrazine Colorimetric Method

Summary

References

5. Hydroxyl Compounds

Acylation Methods

Cleavage of 1,2-Glycols

Hydrogen Bromide Method for Tertiary Alcohols (and Diols)

Bromination Method for Aromatic Hydroxyl Compounds

Colorimetric Methods

Summary

References

6. Unsaturated Compounds

Halogenation Methods

Morpholine Method

Mercuric Acetate Method

Silver Perchlorate Method

Summary

References

7. 1,2-Epoxy Compounds

Indirect Hydrogen Bromide Method

Direct Hydrogen Bromide Method

Pyridine Hydrochloride Method

Morpholine Method

Colorimetric Method

Summary

References

8. Esters

Saponification with Aqueous Potassium Hydroxide

Saponification in the Presence of Phenylhydrazine

Saponification with Potassium Hydroxide in Diethylene Glycol

Hydroxamic Acid Colorimetric Method

Summary

References

9. Carboxylic acid Anhydrides

Aniline-Sodium Hydroxide Method

Morpholine Method

Morpholine-Carbon Disulfide Method

Hydroxamic Acid Colorimetric Method

Summary

References

10. Peroxides

Sodium Iodide-Acetic Anhydride Method

Hydrogen Iodide-Acetic Acid Method

Ceric Ammonium Sulfate Method

Colorimetric Sodium Iodide-Acetic Anhydride Method

Summary

References

11. Sulfur Compounds

Titration of Mercaptans with Mercuric Perchlorate

Iodometric Method for Mercaptans

Potassium Bromate Method for Sulfides and Disulfides

Acid Hydrolysis of Alkyl Sulfates

Titration of Surface Active Sulfates and Sulfonates with Cetyl Pyridinium Bromide

Colorimetric Method for Surface Active Sulfates and Sulfonates

References

Index

Details

No. of pages:
196
Language:
English
Copyright:
© Pergamon 1963
Published:
Imprint:
Pergamon
eBook ISBN:
9781483136127

About the Author

F. E. Critchfield

About the Editor

R. Belcher

L. Gordon