Organic Chemistry

Organic Chemistry

Made Simple

1st Edition - January 1, 1981

Write a review

  • Authors: S. K. Murthy, S. S. Nathan
  • eBook ISBN: 9781483141237

Purchase options

Purchase options
DRM-free (PDF)
Sales tax will be calculated at check-out

Institutional Subscription

Free Global Shipping
No minimum order

Description

Organic Chemistry: Made Simple provides an introduction to the fundamental concepts of organic chemistry. A systematic approach to the subject is adopted with compounds classified according to the functional groups present. A non-mathematical approach is applied to the modern theories of chemical structure and bonding. Each chapter also contains a summary and most conclude with a set of problems. The book is organized into four parts. Part I provides introductory material, including the scope of organic chemistry and the architecture of atoms and molecules. Part II discusses aliphatic compounds such as hydrocarbons, halogen derivatives of the paraffins, and alcohols and ethers. Part III covers aromatic compounds including benzene and its derivatives; aromatic amines, diazo compounds, and dyes; and phenols and aromatic alcohols. Part IV deals with heterocyclic compounds, physiologically active compounds, and polymers. This book is written for persons with some knowledge of general or inorganic chemistry who wish to obtain an understanding of organic chemistry. The book more than covers the syllabus for the G.C.E. Advanced Level Chemistry course. It could serve as an organic chemistry textbook or companion reader for students studying for a Teacher's Certificate, Higher National Certificate or Advanced Chemical Technician's Certificate.

Table of Contents


  • Part I—Introductory Material

    1 Introduction

    Scope of the Subject

    Characteristics of Organic Substances

    Organic Chemistry and Modern Living

    Practical Work

    Summary

    2 The Architecture of Atoms and Molecules

    Concept of Atoms and Molecules

    Structure of Atoms

    Valence and Chemical Bond

    Different Types of Valence

    Electronic Interpretation of Valence

    Electrovalence

    Covalence

    Dative Covalence

    The Periodic Table

    The Carbon Atom

    Polar and Non-polar Molecules

    Qualitative Analysis of Organic Compounds

    Quantitative Analysis

    Determination of Empirical and Molecular Formula

    Isomerism

    Homologous Series

    Summary

    Problem Set No. 1

    Part II—Alipathic Compounds

    3 Hydrocarbons

    Alkanes

    Isomerism of Hydrocarbons

    Petroleum

    Cracking

    Petrochemicals

    Alkenes

    Alkynes or Acetylenes

    Summary

    Problem Set No. 2

    4 Halogen Derivatives of the Paraffins

    Alkyl Halides

    Polyhalogen Derivatives

    Summary

    Problem Set No. 3

    5 Alcohols and Ethers

    Classification of Alcohols

    Methanol

    Ethanol

    Butanol

    Dihydric Alcohols

    Trihydric Alcohols

    Polyhydric Alcohols

    Ethers

    Summary

    Problem Set No. 4

    6 Aldehydes and Ketones

    Nomenclature

    Preparation

    Reactions

    Oxidation

    Reduction

    Auto-oxidation and Reduction

    Substitution at the Alpha Position

    Addition to the >CO Group

    Addition of Grignard Reagents to the Carbonyl Group

    Condensation reactions

    Aldol 'Condensation'

    Polymerization

    Acetals and Ketals

    Summary

    Problem Set No. 5

    7 Carboxylic Acids and their Derivatives

    Fatty Acids

    Formic Acid

    Acetic Acid

    Derivatives of Carboxylic Acids

    Soaps and Detergents

    Dibasic Acids

    Malonic Ester

    Halogenated Acids

    Hydroxy Acids

    Lactic Acid

    Optical Isomerism

    Resolution of Racemic Forms

    Aldehydo and Ketonic Acids

    Amino Acids, Polypeptides, and Proteins

    Unsaturated Acids—Geometrical Isomerism

    Summary

    Problem Set No. 6

    8 Organic Compounds of Nitrogen and Sulphur

    Amines

    Aliphatic Nitro Compounds

    Sulphur Compounds

    Summary

    Problem Set No. 7

    9 Carbohydrates

    Classification

    Monosaccharides

    Disaccharides

    Polysaccharides

    Summary

    Problem Set No. 8

    10 Alicyclic Compounds

    Baeyer's Strain Theory

    Terpenes

    Summary

    11 Reactivity and Structure—Some Aspects

    Electronic Structure of Carbon and its Covalence

    Inductive Effect

    Delocalization

    Addition to Conjugated Systems

    Resonance

    Steric Hindrance

    Summary

    Part III—Aromatic Compounds

    12 Benzene and its Derivatives

    Coal—Source of Aromatic Compounds

    Benzene—Its Structure

    Reactions of Benzene

    Mechanism of Aromatic Substitution

    Bromination

    Nitration and Sulphonation

    The Friedel-Crafts Reaction

    Orientation of Aromatic Substitution

    Homologues of Benzene and Polynuclear Hydrocarbons

    Aromatic Halogen Compounds

    Aromatic Sulphonic Acids

    Aromatic Nitro Compounds

    Summary

    Problem Set No. 9

    13 Aromatic Amines, Diazo Compounds, and Dytes

    Aniline

    Other Common Aromatic Amines

    Diazotization

    Dyes

    Summary

    Problem Set No. 10

    14 Phenols and Aromatic Alcohols

    Preparation

    Properties and Reactions of Phenol

    Substitution Reactions of Phenol

    Other Specific Phenols

    Polyhydric Phenols

    Aromatic Alcohols

    Summary

    Problem Set No. 11

    15 Aromatic Aldehydes, Ketones, and Quinones

    Preparations of Aromatic Aldehydes

    Reactions

    Ketones

    Preparation

    Stereochemistry of the Oximes

    Beckmann Rearrangement of Ketoximes

    Quinones

    Summary

    Problem Set No. 12

    16 Aromatic Carboxylic Acids

    Preparation

    Properties and Reactions

    Other Specific Acids

    Dibasic Acids

    Acids Containing the Carboxyl Group in the Side Chain

    Summary

    Problem Set No. 13

    Part IV—Heterocyclic Compounds, Physiologically Active Compounds, and Polymers

    17 Heterocyclic Compounds and Alkaloids

    Preparation of Furan, Pyrrole, Thiophene, and Derivatives

    Properties and Reactions

    Pyridine

    Quinoline and Isoquinoline

    Alkaloids

    Summary

    18 Drugs, Hormones, Vitamins, and Enzymes

    Drugs

    Hormones, Vitamins, and Enzymes

    Summary

    19 Giant Molecules or Polymers

    Addition Polymerization

    Condensation Polymerization

    Natural and Synthetic Rubber

    Synthetic Fibers

    Synthetic Plastics and Resins

    Silicones

    Summary

    Appendix A—Experiments and Preparations

    Reactions Requiring Heat

    1. Preparation of Hydrocarbons

    2. Preparation of Soap

    3. Separation of Salt and Benzoic Acid

    4. Separation of Aniline from Water

    5. Purification of Acetanilide

    6. Separation of Cinnamic and Benzoic Acids

    7. Purification of p-Quinone

    8. Separation of Benzene and Nitrobenzene

    9. Fractionation of a Mixture of Petrol and Paraffin

    10. Purification of Aniline

    11. Calibration of a Thermometer

    12. Preparation of Iodoform

    13. Preparation of Thiokol (A Synthetic Rubber)

    14. Formation of Osazones

    Appendix B—Essential Items for Experiments

    Appendix C—Suggested Further Readings

    Appendix D—Answers to Problem Sets

    Appendix E—Glossary of Some Common Organic Compounds

    Index


Product details

  • No. of pages: 352
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Made Simple 1981
  • Published: January 1, 1981
  • Imprint: Made Simple
  • eBook ISBN: 9781483141237

About the Authors

S. K. Murthy

S. S. Nathan

S. S. Nathan

Ratings and Reviews

Write a review

There are currently no reviews for "Organic Chemistry"