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Oracle Database Programming using Java and Web Services - 1st Edition - ISBN: 9781555583293, 9780080525112

Oracle Database Programming using Java and Web Services

1st Edition

Author: Kuassi Mensah
Paperback ISBN: 9781555583293
eBook ISBN: 9780080525112
Imprint: Digital Press
Published Date: 14th July 2006
Page Count: 1120
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The traditional division of labor between the database (which only stores and manages SQL and XML data for fast, easy data search and retrieval) and the application server (which runs application or business logic, and presentation logic) is obsolete. Although the books primary focus is on programming the Oracle Database, the concepts and techniques provided apply to most RDBMS that support Java including Oracle, DB2, Sybase, MySQL, and PostgreSQL. This is the first book to cover new Java, JDBC, SQLJ, JPublisher and Web Services features in Oracle Database 10g Release 2 (the coverage starts with Oracle 9i Release 2). This book is a must-read for database developers audience (DBAs, database applications developers, data architects), Java developers (JDBC, SQLJ, J2EE, and OR Mapping frameworks), and to the emerging Web Services assemblers.

Key Features

  • Describes pragmatic solutions, advanced database applications, as well as provision of a wealth of code samples.
  • Addresses programming models which run within the database as well as programming models which run in middle-tier or client-tier against the database.
  • Discusses languages for stored procedures: when to use proprietary languages such as PL/SQL and when to use standard languages such as Java; also running non-Java scripting languages in the database.
  • Describes the Java runtime in the Oracle database 10g (i.e., OracleJVM), its architecture, memory management, security management, threading, Java execution, the Native Compiler (i.e., NCOMP), how to make Java known to SQL and PL/SQL, data types mapping, how to call-out to external Web components, EJB components, ERP frameworks, and external databases.
  • Describes JDBC programming and the new Oracle JDBC 10g features, its advanced connection services (pooling, failover, load-balancing, and the fast database event notification mechanism) for clustered databases (RAC) in Grid environments.
  • Describes SQLJ programming and the latest Oracle SQLJ 10g features , contrasting it with JDBC.
  • Describes the latest Database Web services features, Web services concepts and Services Oriented Architecture (SOA) for DBA, the database as Web services provider and the database as Web services consumer.
  • Abridged coverage of JPublisher 10g, a versatile complement to JDBC, SQLJ and Database Web Services.


DBAs and Developers

Table of Contents

Part I: Java in the Database
1 Stored Procedures as Database Programming Model
1.1 Rationale for Stored Procedures
1.1.1 Simplifying Database Programming
1.1.2 Centrally Managed Data Logic
1.1.3 Performance: Run JDBC Applications Faster in
the Database
1.1.4 Encapsulation
1.1.5 Security: Advanced Data Access Control
1.1.6 Resource Optimization
1.1.7 Low-Cost Deployment
1.1.8 Fully Utilize Database Capabilities
1.2 Obstacles to the Adoption of Stored Procedures
1.2.1 Lack of Portability across RDBMS Vendors
1.2.2 Scalability
1.2.3 Maintenance and Resilience to Schema Change
1.2.4 Hard to Debug
1.2.5 Weak Support for Complex Types
1.3 Languages for Stored Procedures
1.3.1 Proprietary Languages
1.3.2 Java for Stored Procedures
1.3.3 .NET Languages
1.4 PL/SQL or Java
1.4.1 PL/SQL and Java!
2 OracleJVM: Under the Hood
2.1 Design Goals and Architecture
2.1.1 Tight Integration with the RDBMS
2.1.2 J2SE Compatibility
2.1.3 How Is Java Stored in the Database?
2.1.4 Class Sharing
2.1.5 Interapplication Isolation (JSR 121)
2.1.6 Contrasting OracleJVM with the JDK VM
2.1.7 Resource Control
2.1.8 SQL Data Access from Java in the Database
2.1.9 DBMS_JAVA: The All-Purpose Tool for
Administering OracleJVM
2.2 Java Memory Management
2.2.1 Key Memory Structures of the Oracle Database
2.2.2 Java Memory Allocation Techniques
2.2.3 Garbage Collection Techniques
2.2.4 Java Memory Areas
2.2.5 Shared Servers versus Dedicated Processes
2.2.6 The Javapool
2.2.7 Top-Level Calls and Recursive Calls
2.2.8 State Preservation across Calls and End-of-Call Migration
2.2.9 End-of-Call, VM Termination, and Session Termination
2.3 Security in OracleJVM
2.3.1 User Authentication
2.3.2 Database-Schema Security
2.3.3 Resolver Specification and Class-Resolution Security
2.3.4 Login-User and Effective-User Security
2.3.5 Java 2 Security in OracleJVM
2.3.6 Java 2 Security in OracleJVM
2.3.7 OracleJVM Security Best Practices
2.3.8 JNI Calls
2.4 Java VM Life Cycle
2.4.1 OracleJVM Install, Uninstall, and Reinstall
2.4.2 Java VM Initialization and Termination
2.5 Java Execution in the Database
2.5.1 The OracleJVM Interpreter
2.6 The Native Java Compiler (NCOMP)
2.6.1 What Is NCOMP?
2.6.2 Requirements and Design Choices
2.6.3 The NCOMP Process
2.6.4 The NCOMP Command
2.6.5 The STATUSNC Command
2.6.6 NCOMP Configuration and Planning
2.6.7 NCOMP Performance Tips, Improper Use,
and Troubleshooting
3 Developing and Running Java in
the Database
3.1 Developing Java in the Database
3.1.1 Turning JDBC Applications into Java Stored Procedures
3.1.2 Creating or Loading Java in the Database
3.1.3 Removing Java Sources, Classes, and Resources
from the Database
3.1.4 Setting/Querying Environment Variable and
System Properties
3.1.5 The Java Compiler within the Database
3.2 Turning Java in the Database into Stored Procedures
3.2.1 Call Spec Types
3.3 Mapping SQL and PL/SQL Types to/from Java Types
3.3.1 Mapping Matrix
3.3.2 Code Segments for Mapping
3.4 Invoking Java in the Database
3.4.1 Setup
3.4.2 Invoking Java in the Database Using OJVMJAVA
3.4.3 Invoking Java in the Database through the
PL/SQL Wrapper
3.4.4 Invoking Java in the Database through Client-side Stub
3.4.5 Errors and Exceptions Handling
3.5 Managing Java in the Database
3.5.1 Java Audit
3.5.2 Oracle Enterprise Manager (Database Control) Support
for Java in the Database
4 Pragmatic Applications Using Java in
the Database
4.1 CNXO: Secure Credit Card Processing with Oracle and JSSE
4.2 Using J2EE and Java in the Database Together
4.2.1 Auto-generating Primary Keys for BMP Entity Beans
4.2.2 Calling-out EJB from OracleJVM
4.2.3 HTTP Call-Out: The Poor Man’s Cache Invalidation
4.2.4 JMS over Streams/AQ in the Database
4.3 JDBC Call-Out to Non-Oracle Databases
4.3.1 Description and Rationales
4.3.2 How Does It Work?
4.4 SAP Java Connector: Accessing the SAP System from the
Oracle Database
4.5 Excel-like Expression Parser in the Database
4.5.1 Rationales for Custom Parsers in the Database
4.5.2 What Is the Mini-Parser?
4.5.3 Implementing the Mini-Parser
5 Database Scripting Using Non-Java Languages
5.1 Why Contemplate Non-Java Languages for the Database?
5.1.1 Common Language Runtime in RDBMS
5.1.2 Scripting Languages Support in RDBMS
5.2 Database Scripting with OracleJVM—Just for Fun!
5.2.1 Proof of Concept #1: Running TCL (JACL) Scripts
in the Database
5.2.2 Proof of Concept #2: Running Jython (Python) in
the Database
5.2.3 Proof of Concept #3: Running Kawa (Scheme) in
the Database
5.2.4 Proof of Concept #4: Running Groovy in the Database
Part II: Java Persistence and Java SQL Data Access
Database Programming with Oracle JDBC
6 Introducing the JDBC Technology and Oracle’s Implementation
6.1 JDBC Primer
6.1.1 First Steps in JDBC
6.1.2 JDBC within J2SE and J2EE Environments
6.2 Overview of JDBC Specifications
6.2.1 Overview of JDBC 1.22 Specification
(Where Things Started!)
6.2.2 Overview of JDBC 2.0 Specification
(A Major Spec!)
6.2.3 Overview of JDBC 3.0 Specification
6.2.4 Overview of Upcoming JDBC 4.0 Specification
6.2.5 JDBC Standards Support in the Oracle JDBC Drivers
6.3 Architecture and Packaging of Oracle JDBC Drivers
6.3.1 Rearchitected Oracle JDBC Drivers
6.3.2 Packaging of Oracle JDBC Drivers
6.3.3 Features Differences Between Driver Types
6.3.4 JDBC Drivers and Database Interoperability
7 URL, DataSource, Connection,
and Statements
7.2 DataSources
7.2.1 The OracleDataSource
7.2.2 DataSources and JNDI
7.3 Connections and Connection Services
7.3.1 JDBC Connections and Oracle Extensions
7.3.2 Connection Caching: Implicit Connection Cache
7.3.3 The Connection Cache Manager
7.3.4 RAC Events and Fast Application Notification
7.3.5 High Availability: Fast Connection Failover
7.3.6 Scalability: Connection Load Balancing
7.3.7 JDBC Support for Transparent Application Fail-over
7.3.8 Proxy Authentication
7.3.9 Connection Wrapping
7.3.10 JDBC Connections in Grid Environment
7.4 JDBC Statements and Oracle Extensions
7.4.1 JDBC Statement Types
7.4.2 Statement
7.4.3 PreparedStatement
7.4.4 CallableStatement (Calling Stored Procedures)
7.4.5 Retrieval of Auto-Generated Keys and DML
with Returning
7.4.6 Statement Caching
7.4.7 DML Batching
8 SQL Data Access and Manipulation
8.1 Key Metadata in JDBC
8.1.1 DatabaseMetaData: OracleDatabaseMetaData
8.1.2 ResultSetMetaData: OracleResultSetMetaData
8.1.3 ParameterMetaData
8.1.4 StructMetaData
8.2 Manipulating Oracle Data Types with JDBC
8.2.1 Manipulating SQL Null Data
8.2.2 Manipulating Character Data Types
8.2.3 Oracle JDBC Support for Number Data Types
8.2.4 JDBC Support for Long and Raw Data Types
8.2.5 JDBC Support for SQL Datetime Data Types
8.2.6 JDBC Support for LOB Datatypes
8.2.7 JDBC Support for ROWID
8.2.8 JDBC Support for OPAQUE Type
8.2.9 JDBC Support for XMLType
8.2.10 JDBC Support for SQL Object Types and
References Types
8.2.11 JDBC Support for User-Defined Collections
8.2.12 JDBC Support for Spatial Types
8.2.13 Unsupported Types
8.3 Result Set Support in Oracle JDBC
8.3.1 The Result Set API in a Nutshell
8.3.2 The Oracle Result Set Interface
8.3.3 Oracle JDBC Support for Scrollable Result Sets
8.3.4 Oracle JDBC Support for Updatable Result Sets
8.3.5 Prefetching and Auto Refresh
8.3.6 Changes Detection and Visibility
8.4 RowSet
8.4.1 Introducing the RowSet API
8.4.2 JDBCRowSet and OracleJDBCRowSet
8.4.3 CachedRowSet and OracleCachedRowSet
8.4.4 WebRowSet and OracleWebRowSet
8.4.5 FilteredRowSet and OracleFilteredRowSet
8.4.6 JoinRowSet and OracleJoinRowSet
8.5 Conclusion
9 JDBC Quality of Services and
Best Practices
9.1 Transaction Services
9.1.1 Transactions
9.1.2 AutoCommit
9.1.3 Transaction Isolation Levels
9.1.4 Transaction SavePoint Support
9.1.5 Global/Distributed Transaction
9.1.6 Connection Sharing between Local and
Global Transactions
9.2 Security Services
9.2.1 Oracle JDBC Support for SSL
9.3 Tips and Best Practices
9.3.1 End-to-End Tracing
9.3.2 Common Errors
9.3.3 Optimizing Result Set Retrieval
9.3.4 Logging Service
9.4 Conclusion
Part III: Oracle Database Programming with SQLJ
10 Introducing the SQLJ Technology and
Oracle’s Implementation
10.1 Overview 671
10.1.1 What Is SQLJ?
10.1.2 Why SQLJ?
10.1.3 The Oracle SQLJ Translator
10.1.4 The Oracle SQLJ Runtime
10.1.5 Environment Setup
10.1.6 SQLJ Primer
10.2 SQLJ in the Database
11 The SQL Language and Oracle Extensions
11.1 Declaration Statements
11.1.1 Import Statements
11.1.2 Connection Contexts
11.1.3 Execution Contexts
11.1.4 Iterators
11.1.5 IMPLEMENTS Clause in Context Declarations
11.1.6 WITH Clause in Context Declarations
11.2 Executable Statements
11.2.1 Statement Clauses
11.2.2 Assignment Clauses
11.2.3 Dynamic SQL
11.3 Expressions in SQLJ
11.3.1 Context and Result Expressions
11.3.2 Expressions Evaluation
11.4 Interoperability: Using SQLJ and JDBC Together
11.4.1 JDBC to SQLJ Interoperability
11.4.2 SQLJ to JDBC Interoperability
11.5 Conclusion
12 SQL Data Access and Best Practices
12.1 Manipulating Oracle SQL and PL/SQL Data Types with SQLJ
12.1.1 Oracle SQLJ Type-Mapping Summary
12.1.2 Column Definitions
12.1.3 Manipulating SQL Null Data with SQLJ
12.1.4 Manipulating Character Data Types with SQLJ
12.1.5 Oracle SQLJ Support for Number Data Types
12.1.6 SQLJ Streams, LONG, and RAW Data Types
12.1.7 SQLJ Support for SQL Datetime Data Types
12.1.8 SQLJ Support for SQL LOB Data Types
12.1.9 SQLJ Support for Oracle SQL ROWID
12.1.10 SQLJ Support for OPAQUE Types
12.1.11 SQLJ Support for SQL Object Types and SQL
References Types
12.1.12 Serialized Java Objects
12.1.13 SQLJ Support for User-Defined SQL Collections
12.1.14 PL/SQL Associative Array
12.1.15 Unsupported Types
12.2 SQLJ Best Practices
12.2.1 Row Prefetch
12.2.2 Statement Caching
12.2.3 Update Batching
12.3 Conclusion
Part IV: Oracle Database Programming with JPublisher
13 Abridged Oracle JPublisher
13.1 Why JPublisher?
13.2 Overview
13.2.1 Environment Requirements
13.2.2 JPublisher Options
13.3 JPublisher In Action
13.3.1 User-Defined SQL Object Types
13.3.2 SQL Object Reference Types (REF types)
13.3.3 REF Cursor Types and Subclassing
13.3.4 User-Defined SQL Collection Types
13.3.5 User-Defined OPAQUE Types
13.3.6 XMLType
13.3.7 PL/SQL Conversion Functions
13.3.8 PL/SQL RECORD Types
13.3.9 PL/SQL Table or Scalar Index-by-Table
13.3.10 Oracle Streams AQ
13.4 Conclusion
Part V: Programming the Oracle Database with Web Services
14 Web Services and SOA for DBA, Data Architects,
and Others
14.1 Web Services 101
14.1.1 Core Web Services Technologies
14.2 Service-Oriented Architecture (SOA): The Bigger Picture
14.3 Conclusion
15 Database as Web Services Provider Service 901
15.1 Rationales for Database as Web Services Provider
15.2 How Does Database as Web Services Provider Work?
15.2.1 Implementation and Packaging
15.2.2 How Does Oracle Database as Web Services
Provider Work?
15.2.3 Web Services and SOA Features in Oracle
Application Server 10.1.3
15.3 Turning Oracle Database Functionality into Web Services
15.3.1 Type Conversions and Result Set Representation
15.3.2 Setting up the Oracle AS OC4J for Database as Web
Services Provider
15.3.3 Assembling PL/SQL Web Services Using
JDeveloper Wizard
15.4 Assembling Database Web Services Using the
Command-Line Tool
15.4.1 Assembling PL/SQL Web Services Using Web
Services Assembler
15.4.2 Assembling Java in the Database as a Web Service
15.4.3 Assembling SQL Queries or SQL DML Statements as
Web Services
15.4.4 Assembling Oracle Streams AQ as Web Services
15.5 Data Type Restrictions
15.6 Conclusion
16 Database as Web Services Consumer
16.1 Rationales for Database as Web Services Consumer
16.2 How Database as Web Services Consumer Works
16.2.1 The Software Pieces
16.2.2 The Required Steps
16.3 Turning Your Oracle Database 10g into a Web
Service Consumer
16.3.1 Ensure That Java Is Installed in the Database
16.3.2 Installing JPublisher on the Client Machine
16.3.3 Installing the Web Services Call-Out Utility in
Your Database
16.4 Database Web Services Call-Out Samples
16.4.1 Calling Out Google Search Web Service
16.4.2 Calling Out the Phone Verifier Web Service
16.5 Conclusion
Part VI: Putting Everything Together
17 360-Degree Programming the
Oracle Database
17.1 TECSIS Systems: Custom Enterprise Integration Framework 970
17.1.1 About the Company
17.1.2 About the Application
17.1.3 Our Business and Technical Requirements
17.1.4 The Architecture of the Integration Framework
17.1.5 The Complete Picture
17.1.6 Conclusion
17.2 Oracle interMedia
17.2.1 What Is Oracle interMedia?
17.2.2 How Does It Work?
17.2.3 Rationales for Storing Media Data in the Database
17.2.4 interMedia Powered by the Oracle Database
Extensibility Framework
17.2.5 interMedia Powered by Java in the Database
17.2.6 Developing Feature-Rich Multimedia Applications
Using interMedia
17.3 British Columbia: Online
Corporate Registration
17.3.1 Corporate Online: Background
17.3.2 How It Works
17.3.3 Architecture: Requirements and Design
17.3.4 Messaging across Tiers
17.3.5 Future Work
17.3.6 Conclusion
17.4 Information Retrieval Using Oracle Text
17.4.1 What Is Oracle Text?
17.4.2 Why Java in the Database?
17.4.3 Technical Features
17.4.4 Benefits of an Integrated Search Capability
17.4.5 Yapa
17.4.6 Conclusion
17.5 Database-Driven Content Management System
(DBPrism CMS)
17.5.1 DBPRISM CMS: Key Features and Benefits
17.5.2 The Architecture of DBPrism CMS
17.5.3 DBPrism CMS Internals
17.5.4 Extended Capabilities
17.5.5 Text Searching
17.5.6 Installing DBPRism CMS
17.5.7 Future Work
17.6 Conclusion


No. of pages:
© Digital Press 2006
14th July 2006
Digital Press
Paperback ISBN:
eBook ISBN:

About the Author

Kuassi Mensah

Group Product Manager, Java Products Group -- Oracle Corporation (U.S.A.).

The author handles product management for Java, JDBC, and Database Web Services for the Oracle Database; as a result this book offers insider details and tips.

Affiliations and Expertise

Group Product Manager, Java Products Group - Oracle Corporation, U.S.A.


“If you are a Java programmer looking to exploit Oracle, or a database developer looking to exploit Java – this is the book for you.”
— Thomas Kyte, VP Oracle

“Oracle’s support for Java in the database has continued to break new ground since it was first introduced in Oracle8i. More importantly, however, it has continued to find a larger audience over time, as people discover just how useful it is in solving their real world problems both efficiently and easily. This book is an important and welcome step forward to helping Java developers make even better use of the Oracle database.”
— Steven G. Harris, VP Java Platform Group

“The book impressed me with its in-depth coverage on practical techniques essential to Java and Web services development across database boundary.”
— Quan Wang

“This book provides a wealth of information regarding the Oracle embedded JVM and how to use it, that is simply not available anywhere else.”
— Avi Abrami, Senior Software Engineer, InterSystems

“The first book to cover both Java and Oracle Database and the emerging concept of database Web services. This book provides a practical description of advanced database applications as well as code samples for data conversions, calling out to external Web components, EJB components, ERP frameworks, external databases, and Web services. The author also addresses server-side and client-side database programming.”
— Oracle Magazine, April 2006

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