Optical Thin Films and Coatings - 1st Edition - ISBN: 9780857095947, 9780857097316

Optical Thin Films and Coatings

1st Edition

From Materials to Applications

Editors: Angela Piegari François Flory
eBook ISBN: 9780857097316
Hardcover ISBN: 9780857095947
Imprint: Woodhead Publishing
Published Date: 31st August 2013
Page Count: 864
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Table of Contents

Contributor contact details

Woodhead Publishing Series in Electronic and Optical Materials


Part I: Design and manufacturing of optical thin films and coatings

Chapter 1: Recent developments in deposition techniques for optical thin films and coatings


1.1 Introduction

1.2 Early processes for the deposition of optical coatings

1.3 The energetic processes

1.4 Cathodic arc evaporation

1.5 Pulsed laser deposition

1.6 Chemical vapor deposition

1.7 Atomic layer deposition

1.8 Sol–gel processes

1.9 Etching

1.10 Other techniques

1.11 Conclusion

Chapter 2: Design of complex optical coatings


2.1 Introduction

2.2 Modern numerical thin film synthesis techniques

2.3 Manufacturability issues

2.4 Hybrid design

2.5 Conclusion

2.6 Acknowledgements

Chapter 3: Optical monitoring strategies for optical coating manufacturing


3.1 Introduction

3.2 Classification of optical monitoring strategies

3.3 Turning point optical monitoring and error self-compensation effect

3.4 Level monitoring: passive and active monochromatic monitoring strategies

3.5 Direct broad band optical monitoring

3.6 Indirect optical monitoring strategies

3.7 Conclusion

Chapter 4: Production strategies for high-precision optical coatings


4.1 Introduction

4.2 Basic concept of deterministic production

4.3 Optical broad band monitoring

4.4 Virtual deposition system

4.5 Direct on-line correction tools

4.6 Design stability in production processes

4.7 Deposition control of coating systems with continuous refractive index variation

4.8 Conclusion

Part II: Unconventional features of optical thin films and coatings

Chapter 5: Complex materials with plasmonic effects for optical thin film applications


5.1 Introduction

5.2 Physics of some classes of novel materials for plasmonic applications

5.3 Ceramic matrix with embedded metal nanostructures

5.4 Searching for alternative plasmonic materials

5.5 Characterization of novel materials with plasmonic effects

5.6 Conclusion

Chapter 6: Scattering properties of random structures in thin films


6.1 Introduction

6.2 Numerical solution of reduced Rayleigh equations for scattering of light from dielectric films with one-dimensional rough surfaces

6.3 Reduced Rayleigh equations for the scattering of p- and s-polarized light from, and its transmission through, a film with two one-dimensional rough surfaces

6.4 Numerical solution of the reduced Rayleigh equation for the scattering of light from a two-dimensional randomly rough penetrable surface

6.5 Scattering of light from a dielectric film with a two-dimensional randomly rough surface deposited on a planar metal substrate

6.6 Analytical methods for the scattering from a three-dimensional film with randomly rough surfaces

6.7 Theoretical methods for the scattering of

6.8 Applications

6.9 Conclusion

6.11 Appendices

Appendix 6.11.2 Mueller Matrix and Tensor

Chapter 7: Optical properties of thin film materials at short wavelengths


7.1 Introduction

7.2 Material behaviour over the spectrum

7.3 Reflection and transmission in absorbing materials

7.4 The optical constants of materials at short wavelengths

7.5 Link between n and k: Kramers-Kronig analysis

7.6 Experimental determination of optical constants

7.7 Specifics of optical coatings at short wavelengths

7.8 Conclusion

7.9 Acknowledgements

Chapter 8: Controlling thermal radiation from surfaces


8.1 Introduction

8.2 Blackbody radiation

8.3 Emissivity

8.4 Optically selective coatings

8.5 Conclusion

Chapter 9: Color in optical coatings


9.1 Introduction

9.2 The development of the understanding of interference color

9.3 Overview of basic colorimetry

9.4 Optical coating colorimetry

9.5 Conclusion

9.6 Acknowledgements

Part III: Novel materials for optical thin films and coatings

Chapter 10: Organic optical coatings


10.1 Introduction

10.2 Specific properties of organic layers

10.3 Optical coatings with organic layers

10.4 Deposition techniques

10.5 Composites

10.6 Conclusion

Chapter 11: Surface multiplasmonics with periodically non-homogeneous thin films


11.1 Introduction

11.2 Historical development

11.3 Periodically non-homogeneous dielectric materials

11.4 Canonical boundary-value problem

11.5 Grating-coupled configuration

11.6 Turbadar–Kretschmann–Raether (TKR) configuration

11.7 Conclusions

11.8 Future research

11.9 Sources of further information and advice

Chapter 12: Optical thin films containing quantum dots


12.1 Introduction

12.2 Applications of quantum dots

12.3 Modelling the electronic properties of multiple quantum wells

12.4 Numerical results

12.5 Realization of thin films containing quantum dots

12.6 Characterization of thin films containing quantum dots

12.7 Refractive index of layers containing quantum dots and of quantum dots alone

12.8 Conclusion

12.9 Acknowledgements

Part IV: Applications of optical thin films and coatings

Chapter 13: Optical coatings on plastic for antireflection purposes


13.1 Introduction

13.2 Transparent polymer materials for optics

13.3 Plastics in vacuum coating processes

13.4 Antireflection methods

13.5 Conclusion

13.6 Sources of further information and advice

Chapter 14: Protective coatings for optical surfaces


14.1 Introduction

14.2 Testing methods

14.3 Coating design

14.4 Application examples

14.5 Conclusion

Chapter 15: Optical coatings for displays and lighting


15.1 Introduction

15.2 Optical coatings for flat panel display (FPD)

15.3 Optical coatings for projectors

15.4 Optical coatings for projectors using light emitting diode (LED) light source

15.5 Optical coating for automobiles head up display (HUD)

15.6 Optical coatings for LEDs

15.7 Conclusion

15.8 Acknowledgements

Chapter 16: Innovative approaches in thin film photovoltaic cells


16.1 Introduction

16.2 Inorganic nanostructures for photovoltaic solar cells

16.3 Organic thin film solar cells

16.4 Copper indium gallium diselenide thin film solar cells

16.5 Conclusion

Chapter 17: Optical coatings for security and authentication devices


17.1 Introduction

17.2 Basic principles and structures currently applied

17.3 Specific optical effects suitable for security devices

17.4 Active devices

17.5 Film functionality and structurally controlled optical coatings

17.6 Conclusion

Chapter 18: Optical coatings for high-intensity femtosecond lasers


18.1 Introduction

18.2 Mirror design approaches

18.3 The highest possible value of group delay dispersion (GDD)

18.4 Production of dispersive mirrors

18.5 Pulse compression with dispersive mirrors

18.6 Measurement of group delay with white light interferometer

18.7 Application of dispersive mirrors in high-intensity lasers

18.8 Conclusion

Chapter 19: Optical coatings for large facilities


19.1 Introduction

19.2 Domains of applications and major programs

19.3 Review of technological solutions

19.4 Thin film uniformity: key problem

19.5 Focus on large magnetron sputtering facility

19.6 Highlights on two major programs

19.7 Conclusion

Chapter 20: Optical coatings for automotive and building applications


20.1 Introduction

20.2 The role of thermal control in glazing

20.3 Window coating types by functionality

20.4 Glazing types: monolithic, laminated, and multi-cavity glazing designs

20.5 Coatings on glass substrates

20.6 Coatings on polymer substrates

20.7 Special considerations for applications

20.8 Conclusion

20.9 Future trends

20.10 Sources of further information and advice

20.11 Acknowledgements

Chapter 21: Transparent conductive thin films


21.1 Introduction

21.2 Conductivity fundamentals

21.3 Control of optoelectronic properties

21.4 Beyond optoelectronic properties

21.5 Traditional applications

21.6 Recent applications

21.7 Future applications

21.8 Conclusion

Chapter 22: Optical coatings in the space environment


22.1 Introduction

22.2 The space environment

22.3 Contamination

22.4 Product assurance for space coatings

22.5 Conclusion

22.6 Acknowledgements



Optical coatings, including mirrors, anti-reflection coatings, beam splitters, and filters, are an integral part of most modern optical systems. Optical thin films and coatings provides an overview of thin film materials, the properties, design and manufacture of optical coatings and their use across a variety of application areas.

Part one explores the design and manufacture of optical coatings. Part two highlights unconventional features of optical thin films including scattering properties of random structures in thin films, optical properties of thin film materials at short wavelengths, thermal properties and colour effects. Part three focusses on novel materials for optical thin films and coatings and includes chapters on organic optical coatings, surface multiplasmonics and optical thin films containing quantum dots. Finally, applications of optical coatings, including laser components, solar cells, displays and lighting, and architectural and automotive glass, are reviewed in part four.

Optical thin films and coatings is a technical resource for researchers and engineers working with optical thin films and coatings, professionals in the security, automotive, space and other industries requiring an understanding of these topics, and academics interested in the field.

Key Features

  • An overview of the materials, properties, design and manufacture of thin films
  • Special attention is given to the unconventional features and novel materials of optical thin films
  • Reviews applications of optical coatings including laser components, solar cells, glasing, displays and lighting


Graduate students, postdoctoral students, professors, and researchers in industrial and government laboratories who are interested in the use of thin films as optical coatings, in waveguide technology, and as a protection against oxidation, among other applications; Optical engineers and physicists in research and development of coatings and optics


No. of pages:
© Woodhead Publishing 2013
Woodhead Publishing
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Hardcover ISBN:


"This book presents the reader with a delightful stroll through a wealth of diverse topics relating to optical thin films and coatings, including applications to mirrors, beam splitters and filters. The text’s numerous illustrations and examples provide the target audience of researchers, graduate students and engineers with a rich technical resource."--Optics & Photonics News online, April 9, 2014

About the Editors

Angela Piegari Editor

Dr Angela Piegari is Head of the Optical Coatings Laboratory at ENEA (Italian National Agency for New Technologies, Energy and Sustainable Economic Development), Italy.

Affiliations and Expertise

ENEA – Italian National Agency for New Technologies Energy and Sustainable Economic Development, Italy

François Flory Editor

François Flory is Professor at Ecole Centrale Marseille and performs his research at the Institut Matériaux, Microélectronique et Nanosciences de Provence, France.

Affiliations and Expertise

IM2NP – Institute of Materials, Microelectronics and Nanosciences of Provence, France