Optical Processing and Computing - 1st Edition - ISBN: 9780120644704, 9780323147712

Optical Processing and Computing

1st Edition

Editors: Henri Arsenault
eBook ISBN: 9780323147712
Imprint: Academic Press
Published Date: 28th July 1989
Page Count: 508
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Description

Optical Processing and Computing is a collection of research from the USA, Canada, Russia, and Poland on the developments in the fields of digital optical computing and analog optical processing. This book is organized into 15 chapters and begins with an overview of the hierarchy of interconnect problems. Some chapters deal with the fundamental limitations and capabilities of optics in relation to interconnections, switching, computing, materials, and devices. Other chapters explore the architectures, technology, and applications of the field. The topics range from promising areas in the early stages of development, such as nonlinear effects in fibers that could bring about the optical transistor, to developments in areas ready for technology, such as the production of optical kinoforms, an important type of computer-generated optical component. With a strong focus on the fundamental aspects of the field, this book is of interest to specialists, researchers, and students who need a broad coverage of the principles of optical computing and of the underlying physics.

Table of Contents


Contributors

Preface

1 Optics as an Interconnect Technology

1. Introduction

2. Why Use Optics for Interconnections?

3. Types of Optical Interconnections

4. Some Specific Properties of Optical Interconnections

5. Power Requirements for Optical Interconnections

6. Fan-In and Fan-Out Properties of Optical Interconnections

7. Power Comparison for Example Electrical and Optical Interconnects

8. Optical Clock Distribution to a VLSI Chip

Acknowledgments

References

2 Nonlinear Phenomena in Optical Fibers and the Feasibility of Their Application in Optical Computers

1. Foreword

2. Stimulated Raman Scattering (SRS) and Stimulated Mandelstam-Brillouin Scattering (SMBS) in Optical Fibers

3. Basic Principles of Operation of Nonlinear Fiber Optical Elements

4. SRS Inverter

5. Switching of Optical Signals by SMBS in Optical Fibers

6. Conclusion

References

3 Fundamental Physical Limitations of the Photorefractive Grating Recording Sensitivity

1. Introduction

2. Factors Contributing to the Photorefractive Sensitivity

3. The Grating Recording Efficiency

4. Representative Grating Recording Efficiency Calculations

5. Conclusions

Acknowledgments

References

4 Biopolymers for Real-Time Optical Processing

1. Introduction

2. Sensitized Gelatin

3. Materials Based on Bacteriorhodopsin

4. Conclusion

Acknowledgments

References

5 Diode Lasers in Optical Computing

1. Introduction

2. Basic Characteristics of Diode Lasers

3. Generation of Short Pulses by Diode Lasers

4. Recording and Reconstruction of Fourier Holograms with Diode-Laser Radiation

5. Diode Lasers in Correlation Systems

6. Integration of Holograms with Optical Waveguides

7. Optical Logic Gates on Diode Lasers

8. Integration of Diode Lasers with Electronic Circuits

9. Conclusion

References

6 Array Optoelectronic Computers

1. Introduction

2. Optoelectronic Computer Structure

3. Optical Preprocessor

4. Microoperations of the Optical Preprocessor

5. Photoelectronic Parallel Processor

6. Logic Data Processing

7. Data Search in an Array Computer

8. Summary

References

7 Optical Matrix Computations

1. Introduction

2. Linear Algebra

3. Optical Computations

4. Summary

References

8 Optical Implementation of Pleural Computers

1. Introduction

2. The Basic Architecture

3. Three-Dimensional Storage of the Interconnection Weights

4. Adaptive Weights and Real-Time Holography

Acknowledgments

References

9 Computer Synthesis of Diffraction Optical Elements

1. Introduction

2. Production of Diffraction Optical Elements

3. Practical Results: Elements of Diffraction Optical Systems

4. Optical Systems with Diffraction Elements

5. Conclusion

References

10 Distortion-Invariant Pattern Recognition Using Circular Harmonic Matched Filters

1. Introduction

2. Rotation-Invariant Matched Filters

3. Multiple CHC Methods

4. Sidelobe Reduction

5. Principal Component Filters

6. Conclusion

References

11 Pattern Recognition Using Photon-Limited Images

1. Introduction

2. Photon Statistics and Detection Systems

3. Correlation with a Deterministic Reference Function

4. Summary

Acknowledgments

References

12 Line Detection and Directional Analysis of Images

1. Introduction

2. Anamorphic Fourier Transform

3. Mesooptical Fourier Transform Microscope

4. The Hough Transform

5. Conclusion

References

13 Incoherent Optical Processing and Holography

1. Introduction

2. The Achromatization of Katyl

3. White Light Coherent Correlator

4. Further Development of White Light Filtering

5. Construction of Diffractive Optical Elements

References

14 Generalized Matched Spatial Filters with Optimum Light Efficiency

1. Introduction

2. Light Utilization Problems in Optical Correlators

3. Phase-Only Matched Filtering

4. Matched Filtering Using Tandem Component Filters

5. Conclusion

References

15 Optoelectronic Analog Processors

1. Introduction

2. Optoelectronic Analog Feedback Processors

3. Optoelectronic Pipeline Processors

4. Optoelectronic Pipeline Correlator

5. Conclusion

Acknowledgments

References

Index


Details

No. of pages:
508
Language:
English
Copyright:
© Academic Press 1989
Published:
Imprint:
Academic Press
eBook ISBN:
9780323147712

About the Editor

Henri Arsenault