Optical Fiber Telecommunications

Optical Fiber Telecommunications

1st Edition - October 28, 1979

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  • Editor: Stewart Miller
  • eBook ISBN: 9780323141352

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Optical Fiber Telecommunications is organized so that it is understandable to a reader on the graduate level with no specialized knowledge of lightwave communication and yet provides a comprehensive treatment. The first two chapters give historical background, outline the detailed chapter organization, and lead the reader through the evolution of the new transmission medium. This book comprises 21 chapters, and begins with the evolution of optical communications. Succeeding chapters then discuss objectives of early fibers; guiding properties of fibers; dispersion properties of fibers; and nonlinear properties of optical fibers. Other chapters cover fiber design considerations; fiber preform preparation; fiber drawing and control; coatings and jackets; fiber characterization; optical cable design; fiber splicing; optical fiber connectors; and optical sources. This book will be of interest to students, scientists, and engineers in academic, industrial, and other institutions.

Table of Contents

  • List of Contributors



    Chapter 1 Evolution of Optical Communications

    1.1 Sources and Detectors

    1.2 Evolution of the Transmission Medium-Fiber Lightguides

    1.3 Optical Fiber Communications Systems

    1.4 Other Aspects of the Innovation of Optical Communications Systems


    Chapter 2 Objectives of Early Fibers: Evolution of Fiber Types

    2.1 Purpose of the Chapter and Relation to the Rest of the Book

    2.2 Guidance in Optical Fibers

    2.3 Loss Mechanisms

    2.4 Dispersion in Fibers

    2.5 Fiber Types and Their Evolution


    Chapter 3 Guiding Properties of Fibers

    3.1 Mode Concept

    3.2 Step-Index Fibers

    3.3 Graded-Index Fibers

    3.4 Cladding Effects and Leaky Waves

    3.5 Losses Caused by Constant Fiber Curvature

    3.6 Cross Talk between Fibers

    3.7 Excitation of Fibers

    3.8 Near and Far Field at the Fiber End

    3.9 Loss in Splices

    3.10 Coupled Mode Theory

    3.11 Mode Mixing Effects

    3.12 Radiation Loss Caused by Random Bends


    Chapter 4 Dispersion Properties of Fibers

    4.1 Introduction

    4.2 Pulse Distortion in Single-Mode Fibers

    4.3 Individual Modes in a Multimode Fiber

    4.4 Pulse Distortion in Ideal Multimode Fibers

    4.5 Influence of Excitation, Loss, and Mode Coupling

    4.6 Frequency Domain Characterization of Fibers


    Chapter 5 Nonlinear Properties of Optical Fibers

    5.1 Introduction

    5.2 Stimulated Raman Scattering (SRS)

    5.3 Stimulated Brillouin Scattering (SBS)

    5.4 Intensity-Dependent Refractive Index

    5.5 Phase Matched Parametric Interactions

    5.6 Damage

    5.7 Future Directions

    5.8 Conclusion

    Appendix: Critical Powers (PC) For Stimulated Raman Scattering (SRS), Stimulated Brillouin Scattering (SBS), and Self-Phase Modulation (SPM)


    Chapter 6 Fiber Design Considerations

    6.1 Introduction

    6.2 Fiber Diameter

    6.3 Cladding Thickness

    6.4 Composition Scattering and Index Difference

    6.5 Injection Loss in LED Systems

    6.6 Microbending Loss

    6.7 Low-Bit-Rate Systems

    6.8 High-Bit-Rate Systems

    6.9 Wavelength of Operation

    6.10 Tolerances on Fiber Parameters


    Chapter 7 Materials, Properties, and Choices

    7.1 Introduction

    7.2 Materials Aspects—Basic Considerations

    7.3 Materials Aspects—Characterization


    Chapter 8 Fiber Preform Preparation

    8.1 Introduction

    8.2 Preparation of Multicomponent Glasses and Fibers

    8.3 High Silica Bulk Glasses

    8.4 High-Silica Fibers Produced by Vapor Deposition Methods


    Chapter 9 Fiber Drawing and Control

    9.1 Introduction

    9.2 Glass Feed

    9.3 Heat Sources

    9.4 Drawing Mechanisms

    9.5 Diameter Uniformity

    9.6 Coating and Jacketing

    9.7 Combined Apparatus


    Chapter 10 Coatings and Jackets

    10.1 The Roles of Coatings

    10.2 Requirements on Coatings

    10.3 Surface Treatment of Silica

    10.4 Techniques of Coating Application

    10.5 Polymer-Clad Fibers


    Chapter 11 Fiber Characterization

    11.1 Introduction

    11.2 Transmission Loss

    11.3 Refractive-Index Distribution

    11.4 Dispersion and Bandwidth


    Chapter 12 Fiber Characterization—Mechanical

    12.1 Introduction

    12.2 Elastic Properties

    12.3 Fracture Strength

    12.4 Time-Dependent Fracture

    12.5 Engineering Design


    Chapter 13 Optical Cable Design

    13.1 Introduction

    13.2 Design Objectives

    13.3 Physical Protection

    13.4 Unit Design

    13.5 Cable Structures and Performance


    Chapter 14 Fiber Splicing

    14.1 Introduction

    14.2 Fiber End Preparation

    14.3 Single-Fiber Splices

    14.4 Array Splices

    14.5 Splice Loss Parameters

    14.6 Measurement of Splicing Effects


    Chapter 15 Optical Fiber Connectors

    15.1 Introduction

    15.2 The Role of Connectors

    15.3 Optical Measurement Problems

    15.4 Lateral, Longitudinal, and Angular Displacement

    15.5 Connector Alignment Techniques

    15.6 Index Matching

    15.7 The Molded Cone Connector

    15.8 A Channel-Centered Connector


    Chapter 16 Optical Sources

    16.1 Introduction

    16.2 Semiconductor Materials

    16.3 Light-Emitting Diodes

    16.4 Injection Lasers

    16.5 Neodymium Lasers

    16.6 Other Lasers


    Chapter 17 Modulation Techniques

    17.1 Introduction

    17.2 Direct Modulation of Electroluminescent Devices—Light-Emitting Diodes and Lasers

    17.3 Bulk Modulators

    17.4 Optical Waveguide Devices

    17.5 Conclusions


    Chapter 18 Photodetectors

    18.1 Introduction

    18.2 Performance Considerations

    18.3 Principles of Solid-State Photodiodes

    18.4 State of the Art of Photodiodes—Materials, Structures, and Performance

    18.5 Performance of Photodiodes in Repeaters

    18.6 Conclusions


    Chapter 19 Receiver Design

    19.1 Introduction

    19.2 Basic Principles of Receiver Design

    19.3 Performance Calculations for Digital Systems

    19.4 Performance Calculations for Analog Systems

    19.5 Conclusions


    Chapter 20 Transmission System Design

    20.1 General Form of Transmission Configuration

    20.2 Advantages of Fiberguide Transmission

    20.3 System Design Choices

    20.4 Digital Transmission Systems

    20.5 Selection of System Components

    20.6 Analog Fiberguide Transmission

    20.7 More Sophisticated Systems


    Chapter 21 Potential Applications

    21.1 Introduction

    21.2 On-Premises Applications

    21.3 Power Company Communications

    21.4 Interoffice Trunks

    21.5 Subscriber Loops

    21.6 Intercity

    21.7 Undersea Systems

    21.8 The Impact of Video

    21.9 Economic Evaluations



Product details

  • No. of pages: 728
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Academic Press 1979
  • Published: October 28, 1979
  • Imprint: Academic Press
  • eBook ISBN: 9780323141352

About the Editor

Stewart Miller

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