Optical Fiber Telecommunications Volume VIB

Optical Fiber Telecommunications Volume VIB

Systems and Networks

6th Edition - May 11, 2013

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  • Editors: Ivan Kaminow, Tingye Li, Alan Willner
  • Hardcover ISBN: 9780123969606
  • eBook ISBN: 9780123972378

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Description

Optical Fiber Telecommunications VI (A&B) is the sixth in a series that has chronicled the progress in the R&D of lightwave communications since the early 1970s. Written by active authorities from academia and industry, this edition brings a fresh look to many essential topics, including devices, subsystems, systems and networks. A central theme is the enabling of high-bandwidth communications in a cost-effective manner for the development of customer applications. These volumes are an ideal reference for R&D engineers and managers, optical systems implementers, university researchers and students, network operators, and investors. Volume A is devoted to components and subsystems, including photonic integrated circuits, multicore and few-mode fibers, photonic crystals, silicon photonics, signal processing, and optical interconnections. Volume B is devoted to systems and networks, including advanced modulation formats, coherent detection, Tb/s channels, space-division multiplexing, reconfigurable networks, broadband access, undersea cable, satellite communications, and microwave photonics.

Key Features

  • All the latest technologies and techniques for developing future components and systems
  • Edited by two winners of the highly prestigious OSA/IEEE John Tyndal award and a President of IEEE's Lasers & Electro-Optics Society (7,000 members)
  • Written by leading experts in the field, it is the most authoritative and comprehensive reference on optical engineering on the market

Readership

R&D engineers working on developing next generation optical components; fiber optic systems and network engineers; graduates and academic researchers.

Table of Contents

  • Dedication

    Dedication 2

    Preface—Overview of OFT VI A & B

    Six Editions

    OFT VI Volume A: Components and Subsystems

    OFT VI Volume B: Systems and Networks

    Chapter 1. Fiber Nonlinearity and Capacity: Single-Mode and Multimode Fibers

    1.1 Introduction

    1.2 Network Traffic and Optical Systems Capacity

    1.3 Information Theory

    1.4 Single-Mode Fibers: Single Polarization

    1.5 Single-Mode Fibers: Polarization-Division Multiplexing

    1.6 Multicore and Multimode Fibers

    1.7 Conclusion

    References

    Chapter 2. Commercial 100-Gbit/s Coherent Transmission Systems

    2.1 Introduction

    2.2 Optical Channel Designs

    2.3 100G Channel—From Wish to Reality

    2.4 Introduction of 100G Channels to Service Provider Networks

    2.5 Impact of Commercial 100G System to Transport Network

    2.6 Outlook Beyond Commercial 100G Systems

    2.7 Summary

    References

    Chapter 3. Advances in Tb/s Superchannels

    3.1 Introduction

    3.2 Superchannel Principle

    3.3 Modulation

    3.4 Multiplexing

    3.5 Detection

    3.6 Superchannel Transmission

    3.7 Networking Implications

    3.8 Conclusion

    References

    Chapter 4. Optical Satellite Communications

    4.1 Introduction

    4.2 Lasercom Link Budgets

    4.3 Laser Beam Propagation Through the Atmosphere

    4.4 Optical Transceivers for Space Applications

    4.5 Space Terminal

    4.6 Ground Terminal

    4.7 List of Acronyms

    References

    Chapter 5. Digital Signal Processing (DSP) and Its Application in Optical Communication Systems

    5.1 Introduction

    5.2 Digital Signal Processing and Its Functional Blocks

    5.3 Application of DBP-Based DSP to Optical Fiber Transmission in the nonlinear regime

    5.4 Summary and Future Questions

    References

    Chapter 6. Advanced Coding for Optical Communications

    6.1 Introduction

    6.2 Linear Block Codes

    6.3 Codes on Graphs

    6.4 Coded Modulation

    6.5 Adaptive Nonbinary LDPC-Coded Modulation

    6.6 LDPC-Coded Turbo Equalization

    6.7 Information Capacity of Fiber-Optics Communication Systems

    6.8 Concluding Remarks

    References

    Chapter 7. Extremely Higher-Order Modulation Formats

    7.1 Introduction

    7.2 Spectral Efficiency of QAM Signal and Shannon Limit

    7.3 Fundamental configuration and key components of QAM coherent optical transmission

    7.4 Higher-Order QAM Transmission Experiments

    7.5 Conclusion

    References

    Chapter 8. Multicarrier Optical Transmission

    8.1 Historical perspective of optical multicarrier transmission

    8.2 OFDM Basics

    8.3 Optical Multicarrier Systems Based on Electronic FFT

    8.4 Optical Multicarrier Systems Based on Optical Multiplexing

    8.5 Nonlinearity in Optical Multicarrier Transmission

    8.6 Applications of Optical Multicarrier Transmissions

    8.7 Future Research Directions for Multicarrier Transmission

    References

    Chapter 9. Optical OFDM and Nyquist Multiplexing

    9.1 Introduction

    9.2 Orthogonal Shaping of Temporal or Spectral Functions for Efficient Multiplexing

    9.3 Optical Fourier Transform Based Multiplexing

    9.4 Encoding and Decoding of OFDM Signals

    9.5 Conclusion

    9.6 Mathematical Definitions and Relations

    References

    Chapter 10. Spatial Multiplexing Using Multiple-Input Multiple-Output Signal Processing

    10.1 Optical Network Capacity Scaling Through Spatial Multiplexing

    10.2 Coherent MIMO-SDM with Selective Mode Excitation

    10.3 MIMO DSP

    10.4 Mode Multiplexing Components

    10.5 Optical Amplifiers for Coupled-Mode Transmission

    10.6 Systems Experiments

    10.7 Conclusion

    References

    Chapter 11. Mode Coupling and its Impact on Spatially Multiplexed Systems

    11.1 Introduction

    11.2 Modes and Mode Coupling in Optical Fibers

    11.3 Modal Dispersion

    11.4 Mode-Dependent Loss and Gain

    11.5 Direct-Detection Mode-Division Multiplexing

    11.6 Coherent Mode-Division Multiplexing

    11.7 Conclusion

    References

    Chapter 12. Multimode Communications Using Orbital Angular Momentum

    12.1 Perspective on Orbital Angular Momentum (OAM) Multiplexing in Communication Systems

    12.2 Fundamentals of OAM

    12.3 Techniques for OAM Generation, Multiplexing/Demultiplexing, and Detection

    12.4 Free-Space Communication Links Using OAM Multiplexing

    12.5 Fiber-Based Transmission Links

    12.6 Optical Signal Processing Using OAM

    12.7 Future Challenges of OAM Communications

    References

    Chapter 13. Transmission Systems Using Multicore Fibers

    13.1 Expectations of Multicore Fibers

    13.2 MCF Design

    13.3 Methods of Coupling to MCFs

    13.4 Transmission Experiments with Uncoupled Cores

    13.5 Laguerre-Gaussian Mode Division Multiplexing Transmission in MCFs

    References

    Chapter 14. Elastic Optical Networking

    14.1 Introduction

    14.2 Enabling Technologies

    14.3 The EON Vision and Some New Concepts

    14.4 A Comparison of EON and Fixed DWDM

    14.5 Standards Progress

    14.6 Summary

    References

    Chapter 15. ROADM-Node Architectures for Reconfigurable Photonic Networks

    Summary

    15.1 Introduction

    15.2 The ROADM Node

    15.3 Network Applications: Studies and Demonstrations

    15.4 Two Compatible Visions of the Future

    15.5 Conclusions

    References

    Chapter 16. Convergence of IP and Optical Networking

    16.1 Introduction

    16.2 Motivation

    16.3 Background

    16.4 Standards

    16.5 Next-Generation Control and Management

    References

    Chapter 17. Energy-Efficient Telecommunications

    17.1 Introduction

    17.2 Energy Use in Commercial Optical Communication Systems

    17.3 Energy in Optical Communication Systems

    17.4 Transmission and Switching Energy Models

    17.5 Network Energy Models

    17.6 Conclusion

    References

    Chapter 18. Advancements in Metro Regional and Core Transport Network Architectures for the Next-Generation Internet

    18.1 Introduction

    18.2 Network Architecture Evolution

    18.3 Transport Technology Innovations

    18.4 The Network Value of Photonics Technology Innovation

    18.5 The Network Value of Optical Transport Innovation

    18.6 Outlook

    18.7 Summary

    References

    Chapter 19. Novel Architectures for Streaming/Routing in Optical Networks

    19.1 Introduction and Historical Perspectives on Connection and Connectionless Oriented Optical Transports

    19.2 Essence of the Major Types of Optical Transports: Optical Packet Switching (OPS), Optical Burst Switching (OBS), and Optical Flow Switching (OFS)

    19.3 Network Architecture Description and Layering

    19.4 Definition of Network “Capacity” and Evaluation of Achievable Network Capacity Regions of Different Types of Optical Transports

    19.5 Physical Topology of Fiber Plant and Optical Switching Functions at Nodes and the Effects of Transmission Impairments and Session Dynamics on Network Architecture

    19.6 Network Management and Control Functions and Scalable Architectures

    19.7 Media Access Control (MAC) Protocol and Implications on Routing Protocol Efficiency and Scalability

    19.8 Transport Layer Protocol for New Optical Transports

    19.9 Cost, Power Consumption Throughput, and Delay Performance

    19.10 Summary

    References

    Chapter 20. Recent Advances in High-Frequency (>10GHz) Microwave Photonic Links

    20.1 Introduction

    20.2 Photonic Links for Receive-Only Applications

    20.3 Photonic Links for Transmit and Receive Applications

    References

    Chapter 21. Advances in 1-100GHz Microwave Photonics: All-Band Optical Wireless Access Networks Using Radio Over Fiber Technologies

    21.1 Introduction

    21.2 Optical RF Wave Generation

    21.3 Converged ROF Transmission System

    21.4 Conclusions

    References

    Chapter 22. PONs: State of the Art and Standardized

    22.1 Introduction to PON

    22.2 TDM PONs: Basic Design and Issues

    22.3 Video Overlay

    22.4 WDM PONs: Common Elements

    22.5 FDM-PONs: Motivation

    22.6 Hybrid TWDM-PON

    22.7 Summary and Outlook

    References

    Chapter 23. Wavelength-Division-Multiplexed Passive Optical Networks (WDM PONs)

    23.1 Introduction

    23.2 Light Sources for WDM PON

    23.3 WDM PON Architectures

    23.4 Long-Reach WDM PONs

    23.5 Next-Generation High-Speed WDM PON

    23.6 Fault Monitoring, Localization and Protection Techniques

    23.7 Summary

    Appendix: Acronyms

    References

    Chapter 24. FTTX Worldwide Deployment

    24.1 Introduction

    24.2 Background of Fiber Architectures

    24.3 Technology Variants

    24.4 Status and FTTX Deployments Around the World

    24.5 What’s Next?

    24.6 Summary

    References

    Chapter 25. Modern Undersea Transmission Technology

    25.1 Introduction

    25.2 Coherent Transmission Technology in Undersea Systems

    25.3 Increasing Spectral Efficiency by Bandwidth Constraint

    25.4 Nyquist Carrier Spacing

    25.5 Increasing Spectral Efficiency by Increasing the Constellation Size

    25.6 Future Trends

    25.7 Summary

    List of Acronyms

    References

    Index

Product details

  • No. of pages: 1148
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Academic Press 2013
  • Published: May 11, 2013
  • Imprint: Academic Press
  • Hardcover ISBN: 9780123969606
  • eBook ISBN: 9780123972378

About the Editors

Ivan Kaminow

Ivan Kaminow retired from Bell Labs in 1996 after a 42-year career. He conducted seminal studies on electrooptic modulators and materials, Raman scattering in ferroelectrics, integrated optics, semiconductor lasers (DBR, ridge-waveguide InGaAsP and multi-frequency), birefringent optical fibers, and WDM networks. Later, he led research on WDM components (EDFAs, AWGs and fiber Fabry-Perot Filters), and on WDM local and wide area networks. He is a member of the National Academy of Engineering and a recipient of the IEEE Edison Medal, OSA Ives Medal, and IEEE Photonics Award. Since 2004, he has been Adjunct Professor of Electrical Engineering at the University of California, Berkeley.

Ivan Kaminow retired from Bell Labs in 1996 after a 42-year career. He conducted seminal studies on electrooptic modulators and materials, Raman scattering in ferroelectrics, integrated optics, semiconductor lasers (DBR , ridge-waveguide InGaAsP and multi-frequency), birefringent optical fibers, and WDM networks. Later, he led research on WDM components (EDFAs, AWGs and fiber Fabry-Perot Filters), and on WDM local and wide area networks. He is a member of the National Academy of Engineering and a recipient of the IEEE/OSA John Tyndall, OSA Charles Townes and IEEE/LEOS Quantum Electronics Awards. Since 2004, he has been Adjunct Professor of Electrical Engineering at the University of California, Berkeley.

Affiliations and Expertise

Formerly AT&T Bell Laboratories, Inc., now at University of California, Berkeley, USA

Tingye Li

Tingye Li retired from AT&T in 1998 after a 41-year career at Bell Labs and AT&T Labs. His seminal work on laser resonator modes is considered a classic. Since the late 1960s, he and his groups have conducted pioneering studies on lightwave technologies and systems. He led the work on amplified WDM transmission systems and championed their deployment for upgrading network capacity. He is a member of the National Academy of Engineering and a foreign member of the Chinese Academy of Engineering. He is a recipient of the IEEE David Sarnoff Award, IEEE/OSA John Tyndall Award, OSA Ives Medal/Quinn Endowment, AT&T Science and Technology Medal, and IEEE Photonics Award.

Affiliations and Expertise

AT&T Labs (retired)

Alan Willner

Alan Willner has worked at AT&T Bell Labs and Bellcore, and he is Professor of Electrical Engineering at the University of Southern California. He received the NSF Presidential Faculty Fellows Award from the White House, Packard Foundation Fellowship, NSF National Young Investigator Award, Fulbright Foundation Senior Scholar, IEEE LEOS Distinguished Lecturer, and USC University-Wide Award for Excellence in Teaching. He is a Fellow of IEEE and OSA, and he has been President of the IEEE LEOS, Editor-in-Chief of the IEEE/OSA J. of Lightwave Technology, Editor-in-Chief of Optics Letters, Co-Chair of the OSA Science & Engineering Council, and General Co-Chair of the Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics.

Affiliations and Expertise

University of Southern California, USA

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