Open-Source Lab - 1st Edition - ISBN: 9780124104624, 9780124104860

Open-Source Lab

1st Edition

How to Build Your Own Hardware and Reduce Research Costs

Authors: Joshua Pearce
eBook ISBN: 9780124104860
Hardcover ISBN: 9780124104624
Imprint: Elsevier
Published Date: 7th November 2013
Page Count: 240
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Description

Open-Source Lab: How to Build Your Own Hardware and Reduce Scientific Research Costs details the development of the free and open-source hardware revolution. The combination of open-source 3D printing and microcontrollers running on free software enables scientists, engineers, and lab personnel in every discipline to develop powerful research tools at unprecedented low costs.

After reading Open-Source Lab, you will be able to:

  • Lower equipment costs by making your own hardware
  • Build open-source hardware for scientific research
  • Actively participate in a community in which scientific results are more easily replicated and cited

Key Features

  • Numerous examples of technologies and the open-source user and developer communities that support them
  • Instructions on how to take advantage of digital design sharing
  • Explanations of Arduinos and RepRaps for scientific use
  • A detailed guide to open-source hardware licenses and basic principles of intellectual property

Readership

All laboratory personnel- everyone involved with science and technology research in academia, industry, and government. Specific audiences include chemists/chemical engineers; biologists/biomedical engineers; physicists; mechanical, and civil and electrical engineers.

Table of Contents

Foreword

Preface

1.1 Standard Disclaimer

Acknowledgments

Disclaimer

Chapter 1. Introduction to Open-Source Hardware for Science

Abstract

1.1 Introduction

1.2 What is Open Source?

1.3 Free and Open-Source Hardware

References

Chapter 2. The Benefits of Sharing—Nice Guys and Girls do Finish First

Abstract

2.1 Advantages of Aggressive Sharing for the Academic

2.2 Overcoming Challenges of Open-Source Research

2.3 Why Should You Share and Be Nice Anyway—The Theory

2.4 Industrial Strength Sharing

2.5 The Fate of Hardware Vendors: Innovate or Die

2.6 Concluding Thoughts

References

Chapter 3. Open Licensing—Advanced Sharing

Abstract

3.1 Introduction

3.2 Learning from Software: Software Rights

3.3 OSHW Licenses

3.4 Open Source Hardware Association Definition

3.5 Best Practices and Etiquette for Using OSHW

3.6 Continued IP Challenges

3.7 Summary and Conclusions

References

Chapter 4. Open-Source Microcontrollers for Science: How to Use, Design Automated Equipment With and Troubleshoot

Abstract

4.1 Introduction

4.2 The Open-Source Microcontroller Family

4.3 Getting Started with an Arduino Microcontroller

4.4 Working with the Arduino

4.5 Example: The “Polar Bear” Open-Source Environmental Chamber

4.6 Concluding Thoughts and Additional Reading

References

Chapter 5. RepRap for Science—How to Use, Design, and Troubleshoot the Self-Replicating 3-D Printer

Abstract

5.1 Introduction to REPRAPS

5.2 Building a REPRAP

5.3 Software

5.4 Printing for the First Time

References

Chapter 6. Digital Designs and Scientific Hardware

Abstract

6.1 OpenSCAD, RepRap and Arduino Microcontrollers

6.2 Physics: Open-Source Optics

6.3 Engineering: Open-Source Laser Welder, Radiation Detection, and Oscilloscopes

6.4 Environmental Science: Open-Source Colorimeters and pH Meters

6.5 Biology: OpenPCR, Open-Source Centrifuges and More

6.6 Chemistry: Spectrometers and Other Chemical Research Tools

References

Chapter 7. The Future of Open-Source Hardware and Science

Abstract

7.1 Introduction to the Future

7.2 The Impact on the Scientific Brain Drain/Gain

7.3 Acceleration of Technological Evolution

7.4 Open-Source Research in the Future

7.5 Concluding Thoughts

References

Index

Details

No. of pages:
240
Language:
English
Copyright:
© Elsevier 2014
Published:
Imprint:
Elsevier
eBook ISBN:
9780124104860
Hardcover ISBN:
9780124104624

About the Author

Joshua Pearce

Dr. Joshua M. Pearce received his Ph.D. in Materials Engineering from the Pennsylvania State University. He then developed the first Sustainability program in the Pennsylvania State System of Higher Education as an assistant professor of Physics at Clarion University of Pennsylvania and helped develop the Applied Sustainability graduate engineering program while at Queen's University, Canada. He currently is an Associate Professor cross-appointed in the Department of Materials Science & Engineering and in the Department of Electrical & Computer Engineering at the Michigan Technological University where he runs the Open Sustainability Technology Research Group. His research concentrates on the use of open source appropriate technology to find collaborative solutions to problems in sustainability and poverty reduction. His research spans areas of electronic device physics and materials engineering of solar photovoltaic cells, and RepRap 3-D printing, but also includes applied sustainability and energy policy. He has published more than 100 peer-reviewed articles and is the author of the Open-Source Lab:How to Build Your Own Hardware and Reduce Research Costs.

Affiliations and Expertise

Michigan Technological University, Houghton, MI, USA

Reviews

"…details the development of the free and open-source hardware revolution. The combination of open-source 3D printing and microcontrollers running on free software enables scientists, engineers, and lab personnel in every discipline to develop powerful research tools at unprecedented low costs."--OverDrive.com, May 2, 2014
"Imagine that a country like Ecuador, would systematically follow the advice of Joshua Pearce in his book, Open Source Lab (Pearce, Joshua M. Open-Source Lab. Elsevier, 2013), which shows how scientific labs can be built at about 10% of the cost, by systematically opting for open scientific instruments?"--HuffingtonPost.com, April 23, 2014
"Overall this is a book which is focused on the development of Laboratory equipment, mainly using open-source hardware such as RepRap 3D printers and Arduino microcontrollers. It will guide the inexperienced reader making him comfortable to embrace this technological and social advances in a very practical way, resulting in very significant cost reductions for researchers and teachers."--RepRap Magazine, March 2014
"Research projects can benefit from do it yourself (DIY) techniques to design and build open-source hardware…The book is intended as an introductory guide on how to take advantage of the benefits of open-source hardware for science-related projects… In particular, this book focuses on the combination of open-source microcontrollers covered in Chapter 4 and open-source 3-D printing reviewed in Chapter 5."--PowerElectronics.com, December 19, 2013
"The open hardware movement aims to reclaim our freedom to work on, and build, the things around us by making source files available, free and modifiable…Dr. Joshua Pearce details how the manufacturing revolution, which puts 3-D printing, open-source microcontrollers and free software into the hands of the people, enables makers to develop "powerful research tools at unprecedented low costs."--Shareable.net blog, December 3, 2013
"Pearce intends his book to be a sort of guide to creating your own open-source lab gear. The topics he covers include software rights, best practices and etiquette for using open-source hardware, open-source microcontrollers, open-source centrifuges and spectrometers, colorimeters, and even open-source laser welding. There are also some helpful hints for those who are 3D-printing their equipment for the first time."--Machine Design blog, December 4, 2013
"Joshua Pearce is not one for understatement. ‘This is the beginning of a true revolution in the sciences,’ says the author of ‘Open-Source Lab.’ For cash-strapped researchers, he could be right…’Open-Source Lab’ is written for a wide audience, from novices to those who are "at one with the force of open source," who can skip the introductory material and get right to work printing their own equipment."--Nanowerk.com, November 18, 2013
"3dhacker is truly impressed by the amount of work Dr. Pearce has put into Open-Source Lab. It’s immediately clear how a teacher or researcher in any institution around the world can reduce their laboratory equipment costs by 60-90%. Additionally Dr. Pearce illustrates the benefits of open source hardware and how it’s a must if the world wants to move at the fastest pace for scientific development!"--3D Hacker! online, November 18, 2013
"We are developing a whole range of different kinds of inexpensive high-end 3D printable scientific tools. I documented both our work and dozens of examples from the community in a book: Open-source Lab, which should be published next month. The idea of open-sourcing scientific equipment is catching on and it is really exciting to see what is going on with groups all over the world like at Tekla Labs."--
3DPrintingIndustry.com, October 18, 2013