One Health

One Health

Integrated Approach to 21st Century Challenges to Health

1st Edition - April 27, 2022

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  • Editors: Joana Prata, Ana Ribeiro, Teresa Rocha-Santos
  • Paperback ISBN: 9780128227947
  • eBook ISBN: 9780128227954

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One Health: Challenges for the 21st Century is a transdisciplinary approach to health, considering the interdependency of human, animal, and environmental health. This approach to health promotion and disease prevention calls for integrative and interdisciplinary cooperation. From zoonotic diseases to environmental degradation, this book introduces core concepts of the One Health approach by presenting focal key challenges. The objective of this book is not centered solely on epidemiologic interactions of infectious diseases but also on the environmental and ecological implications of current major threats. Written by international experts, the ten chapters provide a comprehensive approach consisting of core concepts, practical examples, and applications that align with key challenges to public health. Therefore, this book is a valuable resource for public health professionals, veterinarians, physicians, environmental researchers, policymakers, and other professionals who seek to understand the overarching complexities of health.

Key Features

  • Examines the interconnection between humans, animals and the environment and how those relationships impact prevention, early detection, containment, and response to public health risks
  • Offers concise and comprehensive coverage of the One Health concept, application to key public health challenges, and current and future developments
  • Presents insights from an interdisciplinary group of international experts, containing examples to illustrate One Health framework and issues


Academics, professionals, researchers, and students in the fields of public health, medicine, infectious diseases, veterinary sciences, and environmental sciences

Table of Contents

  • Cover image
  • Title page
  • Table of Contents
  • Copyright
  • Contributors
  • Biographies
  • Preface
  • Chapter 1. An introduction to the concept of One Health
  • 1. Introduction
  • 2. The history of One Health
  • 3. The benefits of a One Health approach
  • 4. Obstacles in the implementation of the One Health approach
  • 5. Practical principles in the application of One Health
  • 6. Global challenges which can benefit from One Health approach
  • 7. Real world use of the One Health approach
  • Chapter 2. Public health, surveillance systems and preventive medicine in an interconnected world
  • 1. Public Health, One Health, surveillance: definitions
  • 2. Surveillance systems: between health, veterinary and environmental frameworks
  • 3. Preparing for the future
  • 4. Conclusion
  • Chapter 3. Epidemiology of disease through the interactions between humans, domestic animals, and wildlife
  • 1. Introduction
  • 2. Expansion of the interaction at the human-animal interface over the centuries
  • 3. Drivers for disease emergence at the animal–human interface
  • 4. Mechanisms of disease emergence at the animal–human interface
  • 5. Intersectoral cooperation
  • 6. Applying the One Health concept to COVID-19
  • 7. Conclusion
  • Chapter 4. Risks and benefits of the interaction with companion animals
  • 1. Domestic animals, companion animals and wild animals
  • 2. The contemporary role of companion animals
  • 3. Human–animal bond–Zooeyia
  • 4. Benefits for the human health
  • 5. Comparative medicine
  • 6. Risks for human health
  • 7. Bias of the human-companion animal bond
  • 8. The importance of the veterinary medicine and its professionals in the one health space
  • 9. Conclusions
  • Chapter 5. Food and water security and safety for an ever-expanding human population
  • 1. Introduction
  • 2. Food security, food safety and one health
  • 3. Food security
  • 4. Food safety
  • 5. Water safety and security
  • 6. One health
  • 7. The food system: challenges and trends in the anthropocene epoch
  • 8. Outcomes, trends and challenges of food systems in a globalized world
  • 9. The way ahead – policies and transformation
  • Chapter 6. The influence of social and economic environment on health
  • 1. Introduction
  • 2. How social, economic and environmental conditions constraint health outcomes
  • 3. Final remarks
  • Chapter 7. Environmental contaminants and antibiotic resistance as a One Health threat
  • 1. Introduction
  • 2. Environmental contaminants
  • 3. Antibiotic contamination and antimicrobial resistance: a threat to One Health
  • 4. Conclusion
  • Chapter 8. Climate change and its impacts on health, environment and economy
  • 1. Introduction
  • 2. Climate change and environmental conditions
  • 3. Climate change and human health
  • 4. Climate change and vector-borne diseases
  • 5. Climate change, forests and wildfires
  • 6. Climate change and food security
  • 7. One Health and climate change
  • 8. Conclusions
  • Chapter 9. Degradation of ecosystems and loss of ecosystem services
  • 1. Introduction
  • 2. Habitat loss
  • 3. Climate changes – with global warming
  • 4. Overexploitation
  • 5. Pollution
  • 6. Invasive species
  • 7. Conclusion
  • Chapter 10. Challenges and future perspectives for the application of One Health
  • 1. Introduction
  • 2. Benefits of One Health
  • 3. Challenges to the success of One Health approach
  • 4. Practical solutions to challenges of One Health
  • 5. Conclusion
  • Index

Product details

  • No. of pages: 366
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Academic Press 2022
  • Published: April 27, 2022
  • Imprint: Academic Press
  • Paperback ISBN: 9780128227947
  • eBook ISBN: 9780128227954

About the Editors

Joana Prata

Joana C. Prata, DVM, PhD, conducts research on environmental challenges under the One Health and on sustainable approaches to mitigate them under the Circular Economy. She holds a master’s degree in Veterinary Medicine (2016) from the University of Porto, Portugal, being a certified veterinarian, and a PhD degree in Biology and Ecology of Global Change (2021) from the University of Aveiro, Portugal. She has published 40 scientific papers and has a h-index of 15 (2021).

Affiliations and Expertise

University of Aveiro, Portugal

Ana Ribeiro

Ana Isabel Ribeiro (MPH, PhD) is an epidemiologist and health geographer. She is a Researcher at the Public Health Institute of the University of Porto and Principal Investigator of two projects about neighbourhoods and health. Ana is the leader/founder of the Research Lab ‘Health and Territory', a research group of the IRT - Laboratory for Integrative and Translational Research in Population Health. She is particularly interested in understanding how the social (e.g., deprivation) and biogeophysical context (e.g., pollution, green space) where individuals live influence their health and well-being and in emerging health risks such as climate change and environmental degradation. At the same time, she is an Invited Assistant Professor at the Faculty of Medicine (University of Porto), teaching Epidemiology, Demography and Geographic Information Systems. Since 2019, she is an Associate Editor of the Journal Public Health Reviews.

Affiliations and Expertise

Epidemiologist and health geographer, Public Health Institute of University of Porto, Portugal

Teresa Rocha-Santos

Teresa Rocha-Santos
Teresa Rocha-Santos has graduated in Analytical Chemistry (1996), obtained a PhD in Chemistry (2000) and an Aggregation in Chemistry (2018), both at the University of Aveiro, Portugal. Presently, she is a Principal Researcher at Centre for Environmental and Marine Studies (CESAM) & Department of Chemistry of University of Aveiro (since 2014) and Vice-coordinator of CESAM research centre (from 2021). Her research concentrates on the development of new analytical methodologies fit for purpose and on the study of emerging contaminants (such as microplastics) fate and behaviour in the environment and during wastewater treatment. She published 170 scientific papers (Oct 2021) and has an h-index of 43 (Oct 2021). She is the editor of 7 Books. She is a member of the editorial board of Current Opinion in Environmental Science and Health, Elsevier (since 2017), Data in brief, Elsevier (since 2018), Science of the Total Environment, Elsevier (since 2018), Sensors, MDPI (since 2018), Molecules, MDPI (since 2018), Associate Editor of Euro-Mediterranean Journal for Environmental Integration, Springer (since 2016), and Associate Editor of Journal of Hazardous Materials (since 2019) and Co-Editor in Chief of Journal of Hazardous Materials Advances (since 2021).

Affiliations and Expertise

Principal Researcher with Aggregation, University of Aveiro, Portugal

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