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Instrument Technology, Volume 2: On-Line Analysis Instruments describes a variety of on-line analysis instruments used in measuring the quality of products, including sampling systems for gases and liquids; on-line instruments for ASTM procedures; and instruments for measuring density or specific gravity, humidity, chemical composition, and viscosity. Measurements employing nuclear techniques are also considered. This text is comprised of seven chapters. After giving an introduction that explains the importance of analysis instruments and their applications in a wide range of industries, the book turns to sampling systems for gases and liquids. The next chapter focuses on instruments for measuring density and specific gravity of liquid, such as static-pressure-operated mechanisms (for example, gas purge systems), weighing tube types, buoyancy types, recording hydrometers, totally immersed displacer types, and acoustic resonance types. Measurements employing nuclear techniques such as radio-isotopes are then described, along with instruments used to measure Reid vapor pressure, distillation characteristics, pour point, flash point, cloud point, and octane number. Finally, this book discusses instruments used to measure chemical composition and viscosity. The use of non-dispersive infrared analyzers in chemical plants is highlighted. This book will be useful not only for chemists and instrument and chemical engineers, but also for prospective instrument technicians.
1 Sampling Systems
Sampling Systems for Gases
Sampling Systems for Liquids
2 Measurement of Density or Specific Gravity
Instruments for Measuring the Density of Liquids
Instruments for Measuring the Density of Gases
3 Measurement of Humidity
Wet- and Dry-Bulb Hygrometers
4 Measurements Employing Nuclear Techniques
Application of Radio-Isotopes
5 On-line Instruments for ASTM Procedures
Vapor Pressure Analyzer
Pour Point of Petroleum Oils
Flash Point Measurement
Cloud Point Monitor
On-Line Octane Measurement
6 Measurement of Chemical Composition
Analysis of Gases by Measurement of Thermal Conductivity
Analysis of Gases by Measurement of Heat of Reaction
Paramagnetic Oxygen Meters
7 Measurement of Viscosity
Measurement of Pressure Drop across Capillary Tube
Measurement of Drag on a Stationary Member due to Moving Fluid
Measurement of Force Required to Move a Member in a Fluid
Paper Consistency Measurement
- No. of pages:
- © Butterworth-Heinemann 1976
- 1st January 1976
- eBook ISBN:
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