Olfaction and taste V

Olfaction and taste V

1st Edition - January 1, 1975

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  • Editor: Derek Denton
  • eBook ISBN: 9780323148610

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Description

Olfaction and Taste V contains the proceedings of the Fifth International Symposium on Olfaction and Taste, held at the Howard Florey Institute of Experimental Physiology & Medicine, University of Melbourne, Australia, in October 1974. Contributors discuss the knowledge about olfaction and taste, including the anatomy of receptors and their ultrastructure, innervation of receptor fields, and the processes of receptor ""turnover"". Themes ranging from taste modifiers and receptor proteins to afferent coding; how the sensory code for taste and olfaction are processed and sharpened; and conditioned taste aversions and other taste learning effects in food and fluid intake are discussed. This book is organized into 14 sections encompassing 73 chapters and begins with an introduction to the phylogenetic origins of sweet taste. The discussion then shifts to behavior and the evolutionary emergence of the chemoreceptor systems. This book provides an overview of the basic modalities of taste throughout the vertebrate phylum, along with the powerful selection pressures that operate to contrive phylogenetic emergence of these modalities with attendant survival advantage. It also looks at each modality within the sensory organization of the species set against environmental circumstances during evolution that might be postulated as favoring its emergence and refinement, for example, the emergence of bitter in relation to poisoning. The ontogenesis of taste and some special instances such as chemoreception in aquatic animals are also examined. This book is aimed at students and scientists interested in the fascinating and important problems of chemoreception.

Table of Contents


  • Participants

    Preface

    Acknowledgments

    Introduction to ISOT V

    Phylogenetic Emergence of Sweet Taste

    Phylogenetic Origins of Sweet Sensitivity

    Can Taste Neuron Specificity Coexist with Multiple Sensitivity?

    Different Types of Sweet Receptors in Mammals

    Response Characteristics of Taste Nerve Fibers in Macaque Monkeys: Comparison with Those in Rats and Hamsters

    Genetic Alteration of Insect Sugar Reception

    Chairman's Summary

    Phylogenetic Emergence of Bitter Taste

    The Evolution of Bitter and the Acquisition of Toxiphobia

    Temporal Patterns of Liquid Intake and Gustatory Neural Responses

    Instrumental Responding Terminates Aversive Tastes

    Response Patterns of Rat Glossopharyngeal Taste Neurons

    Chairman's Summary

    Phylogenetic Emergence of Sour Taste

    Phylogenetic Emergence of Sour Taste

    Origin of Receptor Potential in Chemoreception

    Acid Responses in Frog Taste Cells

    Chairman's Summary

    Ontogenesis - Taste and Smell

    The Developing Sense of Taste

    Regenerative Phenomena and the Problem of Taste Ontogenesis

    Developmental and Electrophysiological Studies of Olfactory Mucosa in Organ Culture

    Cell Renewal in the Olfactory Epithelium of the Mouse

    Chairman's Summary

    Chemoreception in Aquatic Animals

    Chemoreception of Aquatic Animals

    Chemoreception in Gastropods

    Properties of Chemoreceptors in Marine Crustacea

    Taste Responses to Ribonucleotides and Amino Acids in Fish

    Chemical Attraction of Some Marine Fish

    Extreme Sensitivity and Specificity of Catfish Gustatory Receptors to Amino Acids and Derivatives

    Functions of the Olfactory System in the Goldfish (Carassius auratus)

    Moderator's Summary

    Invited Lecture

    The Evolution of Olfaction and Taste

    Market Place Symposium

    Time Course of the Rat Chorda Tympani Response to Linearly Rising Current

    General Anaesthetic Excitation and Inhibition of Insect CO2-Receptors: An Interpretation

    A Functional Arrangement of Labellar Taste Hairs in the Blowfly Calliphora vicina

    The Pontine Taste Area: An Analysis of Neural Responses in the Rat

    Linear Relation Between Stimulus Concentration and Primary Transduction Process in Insect CO2 -Receptors

    Gustatory Papillae in Advanced and Primitive Frogs: Litoria vs. Leiopelma

    Mechanisms of Lateral Interactions in Rat Fungiform Taste Receptors

    Molecular Structure and Stimulatory Effectiveness of Amino Acids in Fish Olfaction

    The Problems of Perception of Leaf-Surface Chemicals by Locust Contact Chemoreceptors

    Ecochemical Studies on Reindeer

    Olfactory Bulb and Integration of Some Odorous Signals in the Rat — behavioral and Electrophysiological Study

    Coding of Odor Quality in the Insect Olfactory Pathway

    Chemical Stimulation of the Cat's Tongue Will Affect Cortical Neuronal Activity

    Phylogenetic Emergence of Salt Appetite

    Phylogenetic Emergence of Salt Taste and Appetite

    Salt Appetite, Its Physiological Basis and Significance

    A Study of the Role of Olfaction and Taste in the behavioral Activity of Ruminants Towards the Acquisition of Sodium Salts

    Sensory Neuroendocrine Relationships in the Hydromineral Balance

    Chairman's Summary

    General Olfaction

    Four Primary Odor Modalities of Man: Experimental Evidence and Possible Significance

    Olfactory Adaptation in the Rat

    Multiple Function of the Anterior Olfactory Nucleus (A.O.N.): Lateral Discrimination and Centrifugal Control

    Cortical Neuron Responses to Odors in the Rat

    Neurophysiological Studies on the Prefrontal Olfactory Center in the Monkey

    Psychophysical Recognition of Functional Groups on Odorant Molecules

    A Selective Centrifugal Control of Olfactory Input Depending on Hunger Specific Arousal

    Human Temporal Lobe and Olfaction

    Chemoreception in Insects

    Chemical Communication in Danaid Butterflies

    Orientation of the Male Silkmoth to the Sex Attractant Bombykol

    Localization and Specificity of Pheromone Degrading Enzyme(s) from Antennae of Trichoplusia ni

    Chemoreception, behavior and Polyethism in Termites (Isoptera)

    Olfaction in Birds

    New Data on the Influence of Olfactory Deprivations on the Homing behavior of Pigeons

    Olfactory Use in the Wedge-Tailed Shearwater (Puffinus pacificus) on Manana Island, Hawaii

    The Ipsilateral Olfactory Projection Field in the Pigeon

    Recovery of Olfactory Function in Pigeons after Bilateral Transection of the Olfactory Nerves

    Chairmen's Summary

    Olfaction and Pheromones in Animal behavior

    Olfactory-Endocrine Interactions and Regulatory behavior

    Responses to Pheromones by Mammals

    Olfactory Stimuli and Their Role in the Regulation of Estrous Cycle Duration and Sexual Receptivity in the Rat

    Effects of Gonadal Steroids on Odor Detection Performance in the Rat

    Olfaction and Aggressive behavior in Female Mice

    Chairman's Summary

    Olfaction and Pheromones in Animal behavior

    Primate Sexual Pheromones

    Activation of Territorial behavior in the Rabbit, Oryctolaguscuniculus, by Stimulation with Its Own Chin Gland Secretion

    Chairman's Summary

    Summary of General Discussion of Olfaction

    Symposium Banquet

    Subject Index






Product details

  • No. of pages: 484
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Academic Press 1975
  • Published: January 1, 1975
  • Imprint: Academic Press
  • eBook ISBN: 9780323148610

About the Editor

Derek Denton

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