Olfaction and taste V - 1st Edition - ISBN: 9780122097508, 9780323148610

Olfaction and taste V

1st Edition

Editors: Derek Denton
eBook ISBN: 9780323148610
Imprint: Academic Press
Published Date: 1st January 1975
Page Count: 484
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Description

Olfaction and Taste V contains the proceedings of the Fifth International Symposium on Olfaction and Taste, held at the Howard Florey Institute of Experimental Physiology & Medicine, University of Melbourne, Australia, in October 1974. Contributors discuss the knowledge about olfaction and taste, including the anatomy of receptors and their ultrastructure, innervation of receptor fields, and the processes of receptor ""turnover"". Themes ranging from taste modifiers and receptor proteins to afferent coding; how the sensory code for taste and olfaction are processed and sharpened; and conditioned taste aversions and other taste learning effects in food and fluid intake are discussed. This book is organized into 14 sections encompassing 73 chapters and begins with an introduction to the phylogenetic origins of sweet taste. The discussion then shifts to behavior and the evolutionary emergence of the chemoreceptor systems. This book provides an overview of the basic modalities of taste throughout the vertebrate phylum, along with the powerful selection pressures that operate to contrive phylogenetic emergence of these modalities with attendant survival advantage. It also looks at each modality within the sensory organization of the species set against environmental circumstances during evolution that might be postulated as favoring its emergence and refinement, for example, the emergence of bitter in relation to poisoning. The ontogenesis of taste and some special instances such as chemoreception in aquatic animals are also examined. This book is aimed at students and scientists interested in the fascinating and important problems of chemoreception.

Table of Contents


Participants

Preface

Acknowledgments

Introduction to ISOT V

Phylogenetic Emergence of Sweet Taste

Phylogenetic Origins of Sweet Sensitivity

Can Taste Neuron Specificity Coexist with Multiple Sensitivity?

Different Types of Sweet Receptors in Mammals

Response Characteristics of Taste Nerve Fibers in Macaque Monkeys: Comparison with Those in Rats and Hamsters

Genetic Alteration of Insect Sugar Reception

Chairman's Summary

Phylogenetic Emergence of Bitter Taste

The Evolution of Bitter and the Acquisition of Toxiphobia

Temporal Patterns of Liquid Intake and Gustatory Neural Responses

Instrumental Responding Terminates Aversive Tastes

Response Patterns of Rat Glossopharyngeal Taste Neurons

Chairman's Summary

Phylogenetic Emergence of Sour Taste

Phylogenetic Emergence of Sour Taste

Origin of Receptor Potential in Chemoreception

Acid Responses in Frog Taste Cells

Chairman's Summary

Ontogenesis - Taste and Smell

The Developing Sense of Taste

Regenerative Phenomena and the Problem of Taste Ontogenesis

Developmental and Electrophysiological Studies of Olfactory Mucosa in Organ Culture

Cell Renewal in the Olfactory Epithelium of the Mouse

Chairman's Summary

Chemoreception in Aquatic Animals

Chemoreception of Aquatic Animals

Chemoreception in Gastropods

Properties of Chemoreceptors in Marine Crustacea

Taste Responses to Ribonucleotides and Amino Acids in Fish

Chemical Attraction of Some Marine Fish

Extreme Sensitivity and Specificity of Catfish Gustatory Receptors to Amino Acids and Derivatives

Functions of the Olfactory System in the Goldfish (Carassius auratus)

Moderator's Summary

Invited Lecture

The Evolution of Olfaction and Taste

Market Place Symposium

Time Course of the Rat Chorda Tympani Response to Linearly Rising Current

General Anaesthetic Excitation and Inhibition of Insect CO2-Receptors: An Interpretation

A Functional Arrangement of Labellar Taste Hairs in the Blowfly Calliphora vicina

The Pontine Taste Area: An Analysis of Neural Responses in the Rat

Linear Relation Between Stimulus Concentration and Primary Transduction Process in Insect CO2 -Receptors

Gustatory Papillae in Advanced and Primitive Frogs: Litoria vs. Leiopelma

Mechanisms of Lateral Interactions in Rat Fungiform Taste Receptors

Molecular Structure and Stimulatory Effectiveness of Amino Acids in Fish Olfaction

The Problems of Perception of Leaf-Surface Chemicals by Locust Contact Chemoreceptors

Ecochemical Studies on Reindeer

Olfactory Bulb and Integration of Some Odorous Signals in the Rat — behavioral and Electrophysiological Study

Coding of Odor Quality in the Insect Olfactory Pathway

Chemical Stimulation of the Cat's Tongue Will Affect Cortical Neuronal Activity

Phylogenetic Emergence of Salt Appetite

Phylogenetic Emergence of Salt Taste and Appetite

Salt Appetite, Its Physiological Basis and Significance

A Study of the Role of Olfaction and Taste in the behavioral Activity of Ruminants Towards the Acquisition of Sodium Salts

Sensory Neuroendocrine Relationships in the Hydromineral Balance

Chairman's Summary

General Olfaction

Four Primary Odor Modalities of Man: Experimental Evidence and Possible Significance

Olfactory Adaptation in the Rat

Multiple Function of the Anterior Olfactory Nucleus (A.O.N.): Lateral Discrimination and Centrifugal Control

Cortical Neuron Responses to Odors in the Rat

Neurophysiological Studies on the Prefrontal Olfactory Center in the Monkey

Psychophysical Recognition of Functional Groups on Odorant Molecules

A Selective Centrifugal Control of Olfactory Input Depending on Hunger Specific Arousal

Human Temporal Lobe and Olfaction

Chemoreception in Insects

Chemical Communication in Danaid Butterflies

Orientation of the Male Silkmoth to the Sex Attractant Bombykol

Localization and Specificity of Pheromone Degrading Enzyme(s) from Antennae of Trichoplusia ni

Chemoreception, behavior and Polyethism in Termites (Isoptera)

Olfaction in Birds

New Data on the Influence of Olfactory Deprivations on the Homing behavior of Pigeons

Olfactory Use in the Wedge-Tailed Shearwater (Puffinus pacificus) on Manana Island, Hawaii

The Ipsilateral Olfactory Projection Field in the Pigeon

Recovery of Olfactory Function in Pigeons after Bilateral Transection of the Olfactory Nerves

Chairmen's Summary

Olfaction and Pheromones in Animal behavior

Olfactory-Endocrine Interactions and Regulatory behavior

Responses to Pheromones by Mammals

Olfactory Stimuli and Their Role in the Regulation of Estrous Cycle Duration and Sexual Receptivity in the Rat

Effects of Gonadal Steroids on Odor Detection Performance in the Rat

Olfaction and Aggressive behavior in Female Mice

Chairman's Summary

Olfaction and Pheromones in Animal behavior

Primate Sexual Pheromones

Activation of Territorial behavior in the Rabbit, Oryctolaguscuniculus, by Stimulation with Its Own Chin Gland Secretion

Chairman's Summary

Summary of General Discussion of Olfaction

Symposium Banquet

Subject Index






Details

No. of pages:
484
Language:
English
Copyright:
© Academic Press 1975
Published:
Imprint:
Academic Press
eBook ISBN:
9780323148610

About the Editor

Derek Denton