Preface. Abbreviations. Introduction: The Olefin Metathesis Reaction. Brief History. The Metal Carbene Mechanism. Equilibria and Stereoselectivity. Survey of Catalyst Systems: Group IV. Group V. GroupVI. Group VII. Group VIII. Photochemically Activated Catalysts. The Metal Carbene/Metallacyclobutane Mechanism: Evidence from Cross-Metathesis Reactions. Evidence from the Stereochemistry of Metathesis of Internal Olefins. Evidence from Ring-Opening Metathesis Polymerization (ROMP). Evidence from the reactions of Well-Defined Metal Carbene Complexes. Evidence from the Reactions of Metallacyclobutane Complexes. Evidence of Initiating Species in Systems with Non-Carbene Catalysts. Theoretical Treatments. Related Reactions: [2+2] Reactions Between Compounds Containing Multiple Bonds. Relationship to Ziegler-Natta Polymerization. Involvement of Three-Membered Ring Compounds in Metathesis Reactions. Ethene and Terminal Alkenes: Ethene. Propene. But-1-ene and its Derivatives. Pent-1-ene and its Derivatives. Hex-1-ene and its Derivatives. Higher Acyclic Terminal Alkenes. Acyclic Disubstituted and Trisubstituted Ethenes. Cis/trans Isomerization. Pent-2-ene and 4-Substituted Derivatives. Hex-2-ene and 4-Methylhex-2-ene.Hept-2-ene and Hept-3-ene. Higher Acyclic Internal Olefins. Stereoselectivity in the Metathesis of Acyclic Olefins. 1,1-Disubstituted Olefins. Trisubstituted Ethenes. Acyclic Functionalized Alkenes: Esters. Other Carbonyl-Containing Compounds. Ethers. Amines. Nitriles. Chlorides and Bromides. Sulfides and Sulfonates. Silancs and Germanes. Phospanes. Acyclic Dienes: Double Bonds Linked only by C Atoms. Double Bonds Linked by C and Si, Ge orSn Atoms. Double Bonds Linked by C and N Atoms. Double Bonds Linked by C, Si, and O Atoms. Divinylferrocene. Some Further Applications in Organic Synthesis. Copolymers by Metathesis Condensation.