Chapter and section headings: Introduction. Types and Characteristics of Oil. Oil characteristics. Behaviour of oil in marine environments. Impact of oil on marine environment. Input of oil to the marine environment. Chemical Response Technology to an Oil Spill. Natural cleansing. Chemical barriers, oil sinking agents and sorbents. Dispersion. Burning of oil at sea. Mechanical Response Technology to an Oil Spill. Containment systems. Clean-up techniques on water. Oil recovery vessels. Oil Spill Combating on Shores. Impact of oil on shores. Shoreline clean-up. Oil pollution combating operations. Oil combating in ice. Disposal of oil and oily debris. Limitation of Spills and Contingency Planning. Limitation of spills. Aerial surveillance. Oil spill training. Contingency planning. International cooperation. Glossary of Technical Terms. Selected Bibliography, Further Reading List. List of Tables. Index.