Oil in Freshwater: Chemistry, Biology, Countermeasure Technology - 1st Edition - ISBN: 9780080318622, 9781483148793

Oil in Freshwater: Chemistry, Biology, Countermeasure Technology

1st Edition

Proceedings of the Symposium of Oil Pollution in Freshwater, Edmonton, Alberta, Canada

Editors: John H. Vandermeulen Steve E. Hrudey
eBook ISBN: 9781483148793
Imprint: Pergamon
Published Date: 1st January 1987
Page Count: 526
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Description

Oil In Freshwater: Chemistry, Biology, Countermeasure Technology presents the proceedings of the Symposium of Oil Pollution held in Freshwater, Edmonton, Alberta, Canada represents a collection of scientific knowledge on state-of-the-art monitoring and cleanup of oil pollution in fresh waters. The book covers the major subject areas of the physical and chemical fates of oil and petroleum in freshwater environments; biological and ecological effects, biodegradability and microbiological considerations, fate in runoff and wastewater treatment, and aquifer contamination. The book discusses the solubilities of substances from tar sands and heavy oils; the physical and chemical behavior of oils; and the carcinogenic and toxic effects of oil and oil products, including polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons on freshwater communities and ecosystems. The text also describes microbial biodegradability; oil related pollutants in road and urban runoff and during municipal and industrial wastewater treatment; and cleanup and disposal technologies. Oil pollution of aquifers has been thoroughly covered.

Table of Contents


Table of Contents

Foreword

Acknowledgements

Introduction

Chapter I - Chemistry and Fate of Hydrocarbons in Freshwater Environments

Water Soluble Substances from Heavy Oils and Tar Sands Bitumens - an Overview

Chemical and Physical Behaviour of Hydrocarbons in Freshwater

Model Studies of the Effect of Temperature on Spreading Rate of a Crude Oil on Water

Compositional Changes of Two Crude Oils Exposed to Weathering Processes in Freshwater Lakes and in Laboratory Aquatic Microcosms

Characterization of Water Soluble Components of a Waste Water Oil Sample From an Oil Sands Bitumen Upgrading Plant

Environmentally Relevant Characteristics of Oil-in-Water Emulsions

On the Formation of Water-in-Oil Emulsions

Water Solubility Behavior of Hydrocarbon Mixtures - Implications for Petroleum Dissolution

Chapter II - Oil in Runoff and Groundwater

Chronic Hydrocarbon Discharges into Aquatic Environments: I. Municipal Treatment Facilities

Chronic Hydrocarbon Discharges into Aquatic Environments: II. Urban Runoff and Combined Sewer Overflows

Analysis of Oil and Grease Components to Assess the Quality of Urban Runoff

Chronic Contamination of Lakes by Petroleum Hydrocarbons: the Sedimentary Record

Immiscible Transport of Hydrocarbons Infiltrating in Unconfined Aquifers

Induced Soil Venting for Recovery/Restoration of Gasoline Hydrocarbons in the Vadose Zone

Mobility of Dissolved Petrtoleum-Derived Hydrocarbons in Sand Aquifers

Chapter III - Biodegradation

Biodegradation of Hydrocarbons in Freshwater

The Fate of Polynuclear Aromatic Hydrocarbons in Soil

Effect of Oil Dispersants on Microbially-Mediated Processes in Freshwater Systems

Chapter IV - Effects of Oil and Chemical Dispersants to Freshwater Organisms and Communities

Toxicity and Sublethal Effects of Petroleum Hydrocarbons in Freshwater Biota

Photoinduced Toxicity of Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons to Aquatic Organisms

Genotoxic and Carcinogenic Activity of Oil Refinery Effluent

Acute Toxicity Bioassays with Petroleum Products: Influence of Exposure Condition

A Review of Oil and Biological Community Responses in Northern Rivers

Assessment of Damage to Aquatic Communities Resulting from a Refined Oil Products Spill

Natural Detoxification and Colonization of Oil Sands Tailings Water in Experimental Pits

Colonization of Experimentally Oiled Substrates by Periphyton and Benthic Macroinvertebrates in Two Arctic Streams

Effects of Oil and Oil Spill Chemicals on Shoreline Plants of Northern Freshwater Ecosystems

Chapter V - Technology: Countermeasures, Treatment and Disposal

Technology for Removal of Hydrocarbons from Surface and Groundwater Sources

Principles for the Separation of Oil Drops from Water in Gravity Type Separators

A Note on Petroleum Refinery Wastewater Trace Contaminants Before and After Biological Treatment

Laboratory Experiments on Oil Spill Protection of a Water Intake

Absorptive Removal of Gasoline from Household Groundwater Supplies

Oil and Polynuclear Aromatic Hydrocarbon Contamination of Road Runoff - a Comparison of Treatment Procedures

The Influence of Underground Openings on Gasoline Spill Migration and Recovery in Downtown Edmonton: a Case History

Index

Details

No. of pages:
526
Language:
English
Copyright:
© Pergamon 1987
Published:
Imprint:
Pergamon
eBook ISBN:
9781483148793

About the Editor

John H. Vandermeulen

Steve E. Hrudey