Oil in Freshwater: Chemistry, Biology, Countermeasure Technology - 1st Edition - ISBN: 9780080318622, 9781483148793

Oil in Freshwater: Chemistry, Biology, Countermeasure Technology

1st Edition

Proceedings of the Symposium of Oil Pollution in Freshwater, Edmonton, Alberta, Canada

Editors: John H. Vandermeulen Steve E. Hrudey
eBook ISBN: 9781483148793
Imprint: Pergamon
Published Date: 1st January 1987
Page Count: 526
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Description

Oil In Freshwater: Chemistry, Biology, Countermeasure Technology presents the proceedings of the Symposium of Oil Pollution held in Freshwater, Edmonton, Alberta, Canada represents a collection of scientific knowledge on state-of-the-art monitoring and cleanup of oil pollution in fresh waters. The book covers the major subject areas of the physical and chemical fates of oil and petroleum in freshwater environments; biological and ecological effects, biodegradability and microbiological considerations, fate in runoff and wastewater treatment, and aquifer contamination. The book discusses the solubilities of substances from tar sands and heavy oils; the physical and chemical behavior of oils; and the carcinogenic and toxic effects of oil and oil products, including polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons on freshwater communities and ecosystems. The text also describes microbial biodegradability; oil related pollutants in road and urban runoff and during municipal and industrial wastewater treatment; and cleanup and disposal technologies. Oil pollution of aquifers has been thoroughly covered.

Table of Contents


Table of Contents


Foreword


Acknowledgements


Introduction


Chapter I - Chemistry and Fate of Hydrocarbons in Freshwater Environments


Water Soluble Substances from Heavy Oils and Tar Sands Bitumens - an Overview


Chemical and Physical Behaviour of Hydrocarbons in Freshwater


Model Studies of the Effect of Temperature on Spreading Rate of a Crude Oil on Water


Compositional Changes of Two Crude Oils Exposed to Weathering Processes in Freshwater Lakes and in Laboratory Aquatic Microcosms


Characterization of Water Soluble Components of a Waste Water Oil Sample From an Oil Sands Bitumen Upgrading Plant


Environmentally Relevant Characteristics of Oil-in-Water Emulsions


On the Formation of Water-in-Oil Emulsions


Water Solubility Behavior of Hydrocarbon Mixtures - Implications for Petroleum Dissolution


Chapter II - Oil in Runoff and Groundwater


Chronic Hydrocarbon Discharges into Aquatic Environments: I. Municipal Treatment Facilities


Chronic Hydrocarbon Discharges into Aquatic Environments: II. Urban Runoff and Combined Sewer Overflows


Analysis of Oil and Grease Components to Assess the Quality of Urban Runoff


Chronic Contamination of Lakes by Petroleum Hydrocarbons: the Sedimentary Record


Immiscible Transport of Hydrocarbons Infiltrating in Unconfined Aquifers


Induced Soil Venting for Recovery/Restoration of Gasoline Hydrocarbons in the Vadose Zone


Mobility of Dissolved Petrtoleum-Derived Hydrocarbons in Sand Aquifers


Chapter III - Biodegradation


Biodegradation of Hydrocarbons in Freshwater


The Fate of Polynuclear Aromatic Hydrocarbons in Soil


Effect of Oil Dispersants on Microbially-Mediated Processes in Freshwater Systems


Chapter IV - Effects of Oil and Chemical

Details

No. of pages:
526
Language:
English
Copyright:
© Pergamon 1987
Published:
Imprint:
Pergamon
eBook ISBN:
9781483148793

About the Editor

John H. Vandermeulen

Steve E. Hrudey

Ratings and Reviews